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Supernatural Belief Is Not Modulated by Intuitive Thinking Style or Cognitive Inhibition

According to the Intuitive Belief Hypothesis, supernatural belief relies heavily on intuitive thinking—and decreases when analytic thinking is engaged. After pointing out various limitations in prior attempts to support this Intuitive Belief Hypothesis, we test it across three new studies using a variety of paradigms, ranging from a pilgrimage field study to a neurostimulation...

The armchair and the trolley: an argument for experimental ethics

Guy Kahane 0 0 G. Kahane (&) Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics , Littlegate House, St Ebbe's St, Oxford OX1 1PT, UK Ethical theory often starts with our intuitions about particular cases

Cohen’s Conservatism and Human Enhancement

In an intriguing essay, G. A. Cohen has defended a conservative bias in favour of existing value. In this paper, we consider whether Cohen’s conservatism raises a new challenge to the use of human enhancement technologies. We develop some of Cohen’s suggestive remarks into a new line of argument against human enhancement that, we believe, is in several ways superior to existing...

Attitudes of Lay People to Withdrawal of Treatment in Brain Damaged Patients

Jacob Gipson Guy Kahane Julian Savulescu 0 ) Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University , Victoria, Australia Background Whether patients in the vegetative state (VS

Autonomy and Enhancement

Some have objected to human enhancement on the grounds that it violates the autonomy of the enhanced. These objections, however, overlook the interesting possibility that autonomy itself could be enhanced. How, exactly, to enhance autonomy is a difficult problem due to the numerous and diverse accounts of autonomy in the literature. Existing accounts of autonomy enhancement rely...

Propranolol reduces implicit negative racial bias

Sylvia Terbeck Guy Kahane Sarah McTavish Julian Savulescu Philip J. Cowen Miles Hewstone Background Implicit negative attitudes towards other races are important in certain kinds of prejudicial

The neural basis of intuitive and counterintuitive moral judgment

Neuroimaging studies on moral decision-making have thus far largely focused on differences between moral judgments with opposing utilitarian (well-being maximizing) and deontological (duty-based) content. However, these studies have investigated moral dilemmas involving extreme situations, and did not control for two distinct dimensions of moral judgment: whether or not it is...