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11 papers found.
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NTF3 Is a Novel Target Gene of the Transcription Factor POU3F2 and Is Required for Neuronal Differentiation

POU-homeodomain transcription factor POU3F2 is a critical transcription factor that participates in neuronal differentiation. However, little is known about its downstream mediators. Here genome-wide analyses of a human neuronal differentiation cell model, NT2D1, suggested neurotrophin-3 (NTF3), a key mediator of neuronal development during the early neurogenic period, as a...

Hypoxia Induces Autophagy through Translational Up-Regulation of Lysosomal Proteins in Human Colon Cancer Cells

Hypoxia occurs in a wide variety of physiological and pathological conditions, including tumorigenesis. Tumor cells have to adapt to hypoxia by altering their gene expression and protein synthesis. Here, we showed that hypoxia inhibits translation through activation of PERK and inactivation of mTOR in human colon cancer HCT116 cells. Prolonged hypoxia (1% O2, 16 h) dramatically...

Global Oct4 target gene analysis reveals novel downstream PTEN and TNC genes required for drug-resistance and metastasis in lung cancer

Overexpression of Oct4, a stemness gene encoding a transcription factor, has been reported in several cancers. However, the mechanism by which Oct4 directs transcriptional program that leads to somatic cancer progression remains unclear. In this study, we provide mechanistic insight into Oct4-driven transcriptional network promoting drug-resistance and metastasis in lung cancer...

In silico identification of oncogenic potential of fyn-related kinase in hepatocellular carcinoma

Motivation: Cancer development is a complex and heterogeneous process. It is estimated that 5–10% of human genes probably contribute to oncogenesis, whereas current experimentally validated cancer genes only cover 1% of the human genome. Thus hundreds of cancer genes may still remain to be identified. To search for new genes that play roles in carcinogenesis and facilitate cancer...

Human DDX3 Interacts with the HIV-1 Tat Protein to Facilitate Viral mRNA Translation

Nuclear export and translation of intron-containing viral mRNAs are required for HIV-1 gene expression and replication. In this report, we provide evidence to show that DDX3 regulates the translation of HIV-1 mRNAs. We found that knockdown of DDX3 expression effectively inhibited HIV-1 production. Translation of HIV-1 early regulatory proteins, Tat and rev, was impaired in DDX3...

Overexpression of FGF9 in colon cancer cells is mediated by hypoxia-induced translational activation

Human fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) is a potent mitogen involved in many physiological processes. Although FGF9 messenger RNA (mRNA) is ubiquitously expressed in embryos, FGF9 protein expression is generally low and restricted to a few adult organs. Aberrant expression of FGF9 usually results in human malignancies including cancers, but the mechanism remains largely unknown...

FUBP3 interacts with FGF9 3′ microsatellite and positively regulates FGF9 translation

A TG microsatellite in the 3′-untranslated region (UTR) of FGF9 mRNA has previously been shown to modulate FGF9 expression. In the present study, we investigate the possible interacting protein that binds to FGF9 3′-UTR UG-repeat and study the mechanism underlying this protein–RNA interaction. We first applied RNA pull-down assays and LC-MS analysis to identify proteins...

AUF1 p42 isoform selectively controls both steady-state and PGE2-induced FGF9 mRNA decay

Fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) is an autocrine/paracrine growth factor that plays vital roles in many physiologic processes including embryonic development. Aberrant expression of FGF9 causes human diseases and thus it highlights the importance of controlling FGF9 expression; however, the mechanism responsible for regulation of FGF9 expression is largely unknown. Here, we show...

Association analysis of monoamine oxidase A gene and bipolar affective disorder in Han Chinese

Sunny Sun 2 0 Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University , Taichung , Taiwan 1 Institute of Biomedical Sciences , Academia Sinica, Taipei , Taiwan 2 Institute of Molecular Medicine, National

Transcriptional repression of human cad gene by hypoxia inducible factor-1α

De novo biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides provides essential precursors for DNA synthesis and cell proliferation. The first three steps of de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis are catalyzed by a multifunctional enzyme known as CAD (carbamoyl phosphate synthetase-aspartate carbamoyltransferase-dihydroorotase). In this work, a decrease in CAD expression is detected in numerous cell...

Polymorphism screening and haplotype analysis of the tryptophan hydroxylase gene (TPH1) and association with bipolar affective disorder in Taiwan

Background Disturbances in serotonin neurotransmission are implicated in the etiology of many psychiatric disorders, including bipolar affective disorder (BPD). The tryptophan hydroxylase gene (TPH), which codes for the enzyme catalyzing the rate-limiting step in serotonin biosynthetic pathway, is one of the leading candidate genes for psychiatric and behavioral disorders. In a...