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22 papers found.
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Fecal and blood microbiota profiles and presence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in obese versus lean subjects

Conceptualization: Yeojun Yun, Hyung-Lae Kim, Hwi Young Kim. Data curation: Yeojun Yun, Han-Na Kim, Eun-ju Lee, Seungho Ryu, Yoosoo Chang, Hocheol Shin, Tae Hun Kim, Kwon Yoo. Formal analysis: Yeojun Yun, Han-Na ... Kim, Eun-ju Lee, Seungho Ryu, Yoosoo Chang, Hocheol Shin, Hyung-Lae Kim, Kwon Yoo, Hwi Young Kim. Funding acquisition: Hyung-Lae Kim, Hwi Young Kim. Investigation: Han-Na Kim, Eun-ju Lee, Seungho Ryu

Development of 17 polymorphic microsatellite loci from Jeju striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarius chejuensis (Rodentia: Muridae), by 454 pyrosequencing

BackgroundThe striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarius, is the most common mammal in Korea. Although microsatellite loci for the species have been identified from populations in southwestern China, amplification of those markers for Korean populations have been unsuccessful. The complicated taxonomy of Korean striped field mouse including populations on Jeju Island (A. a chejuensis...

Association between maternal and child oral health and dental caries in Korea

influence of social factors Sun-Mi Lee and Han-Na Kim contributed as co-first authors equally to this work. such as the family environment (Lorber et al. 2017) . From the population health literature

Integrated genome sizing (IGS) approach for the parallelization of whole genome analysis

The use of whole genome sequence has increased recently with rapid progression of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies. However, storing raw sequence reads to perform large-scale genome analysis pose hardware challenges. Despite advancement in genome analytic platforms, efficient approaches remain relevant especially as applied to the human genome. In this study, an...

New record of Spotstripe snapper, Lutjanus ophuysenii (Perciformes: Lutjanidae) from Korea

Three specimens of Lutjanus ophuysenii (217.8–226.7 mm in standard length) were collected by a gill net at Korea between August 2015 and July 2016. This species has not previously been recorded from Korea. L. ophuysenii is very similar to Lutjanus vitta. But several morphological characteristics distinguish the two species, including the number of lateral line scales (46–49...

Gut microbiota and physiologic bowel 18F-FDG uptake

Background We investigated the association between physiologic bowel FDG uptake and gut microbiota. FDG uptake in the normal large and small intestine is widely variable both in distribution and intensity. The etiology of physiologic bowel 18F-FDG activity remains unknown. Results We included 63 healthy male subjects. After overnight fasting, blood samples and 18F-FDG PET/CT...

Meta-analysis of genome-wide SNP- and pathway-based associations for facets of neuroticism

Neuroticism is a heritable personality trait that is comprised of distinct sub-factors, or facets. Sub-factors of neuroticism are linked to different emotional states or psychiatric symptoms and studying the genetic variants associated with these facets may help reveal the biological mechanisms underlying psychiatric disorders. In the present study, a meta-analysis of genome-wide...

The decline in dental caries among Korean children aged 8 and 12 years from 2000 to 2012 focusing SiC Index and DMFT

Background The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence and severity of dental caries among Korean children aged 8 and 12 years over a period of 12 years by determining the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) and the Significant Caries index (SiC index). Methods Stratified cluster-sampled data from the National Oral Health Survey conducted from 2000 to 2012...

The decline in dental caries among Korean children aged 8 and 12 years from 2000 to 2012 focusing SiC Index and DMFT

The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence and severity of dental caries among Korean children aged 8 and 12 years over a period of 12 years by determining the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) and the Significant Caries index (SiC index). Stratified cluster-sampled data from the National Oral Health Survey conducted from 2000 to 2012 were analysed. In...

Holographic image generation with a thin-film resonance caused by chalcogenide phase-change material

The development of digital holography is anticipated for the viewing of 3D images by reconstructing both the amplitude and phase information of the object. Compared to analog holograms written by a laser interference, digital hologram technology has the potential to realize a moving 3D image using a spatial light modulator. However, to ensure a high-resolution 3D image with a...

Direct and Indirect Effects of Five Factor Personality and Gender on Depressive Symptoms Mediated by Perceived Stress

This study was designed to investigate associations among five factor personality traits, perceived stress, and depressive symptoms and to examine the roles of personality and perceived stress in the relationship between gender and depressive symptoms. The participants (N = 3,950) were part of a cohort study for health screening and examination at the Kangbuk Samsung Hospital...

Association between estimated fluoride intake and dental caries prevalence among 5-year-old children in Korea

Background The purposes of this study were to estimate the fluoride intake from food and drink in 5-year-old Korean children, and to measure the association between estimated fluoride intake and dental caries prevalence. Methods The study involved a secondary analysis of raw data from the 4 th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES; 2007–2009). The study...

Association between Personality Traits and Sleep Quality in Young Korean Women

Personality is a trait that affects behavior and lifestyle, and sleep quality is an important component of a healthy life. We analyzed the association between personality traits and sleep quality in a cross-section of 1,406 young women (from 18 to 40 years of age) who were not reporting clinically meaningful depression symptoms. Surveys were carried out from December 2011 to...

Pathway Analysis Based on a Genome-Wide Association Study of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Background Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age, and it is affected by both environmental and genetic factors. Although the genetic component of PCOS is evident, studies aiming to identify susceptibility genes have shown controversial results. This study conducted a pathway-based analysis using a dataset...

Background Intestinal 18F-FDG Uptake Is Related to Serum Lipid Profile and Obesity in Breast Cancer Patients

Background This study investigated the relationships between background intestinal uptake on 18F–FDG PET and cardio-metabolic risk (CMR) factors. Methods A total of 326 female patients that underwent 18F–FDG PET to determine the initial stage of breast cancer were enrolled. None of the patients had history of diabetes or hypertension. The background intestinal uptake on PET was...

Association between Blood Lipid Levels and Personality Traits in Young Korean Women

Abnormal lipid levels are important etiological factors associated with the development of atherosclerosis and with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Lipid levels are also influenced by lifestyle and behavioral factors, which suggests that personality traits might be related to abnormal lipid profiles. Studies on personality traits and lipid levels are relatively...

Personality Traits and Body Mass Index in a Korean Population

Background Overweight and obesity is a serious problem worldwide related to cardiovascular and other diseases. Personality traits are associated with the abnormal body mass indices (BMIs) indicative of overweight and obesity. However, the links between personality traits and BMI have been little studied in Korea. Methods We evaluated the association between personality traits and...

Genome-wide association study of the five-factor model of personality in young Korean women

Personality is a determinant of behavior and lifestyle associated with health and human diseases. Although personality is known to be a heritable trait, its polygenic nature has made the identification of genetic variants elusive. We performed a genome-wide association study on 1089 Korean women aged 18–40 years whose personality traits were measured with the Revised NEO...