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Non-invasive faecal sampling reveals spatial organization and improves measures of genetic diversity for the conservation assessment of territorial species: Caucasian lynx as a case species

administration: Heribert Hofer. 16 / 20 Resources: Heribert Hofer, Daniel W. Fo?rster. Supervision: Heribert Hofer, Daniel W. Fo?rster. Validation: Jo?rns Fickel, Daniel W. Fo?rster. Visualization: Deniz Mengu ... ?llu?o?lu, Daniel W. Fo?rster. Writing ? original draft: Deniz Mengu?llu?o?lu, Jo?rns Fickel, Daniel W. Fo?rster. Writing ? review & editing: Deniz Mengu?llu?o?lu, Jo?rns Fickel, Heribert Hofer, Daniel

The Effect of Reduced Water Availability in the Great Ruaha River on the Vulnerable Common Hippopotamus in the Ruaha National Park, Tanzania

In semi-arid environments, ‘permanent’ rivers are essential sources of surface water for wildlife during ‘dry’ seasons when rainfall is limited or absent, particularly for species whose resilience to water scarcity is low. The hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) requires submersion in water to aid thermoregulation and prevent skin damage by solar radiation; the largest threat...

Innovation in Citizen Science – Perspectives on Science-Policy Advances

, University College London, London, GB X close Franz Hölker, Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Berlin, DE X close Heribert Hofer, Leibniz Institute for ... : Hecker, Susanne, Rick Bonney, Muki Haklay, Franz Hölker, Heribert Hofer, Claudia Goebel, Margaret Gold, Zen Makuch, Marisa Ponti, Anett Richter, Lucy Robinson, Jose

Correction: Measuring Faecal Epi-Androsterone as an Indicator of Gonadal Activity in Spotted Hyenas (Crocuta crocuta)

. Tordiffe Heribert Hofer Martin Dehnhard Fig 7 contains an error on the x-axis. Fecal testosterone metabolites (fTM) and fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (fGM) values that are plotted on day 2 after an ACTH

Divergent Sapovirus Strains and Infection Prevalence in Wild Carnivores in the Serengeti Ecosystem: A Long-Term Study

The genus Sapovirus, in the family Caliciviridae, includes enteric viruses of humans and domestic animals. Information on sapovirus infection of wildlife is limited and is currently lacking for any free-ranging wildlife species in Africa. By screening a large number of predominantly fecal samples (n = 631) obtained from five carnivore species in the Serengeti ecosystem, East...

Population expansion and individual age affect endoparasite richness and diversity in a recolonising large carnivore population

. Szentiks Carsten Nowak Verena Harms Anne Jarausch Ilka Reinhardt Gesa Kluth Heribert Hofer Oliver Krone OPEN The recent recolonisation of the Central European lowland (CEL) by the grey wolf (Canis lupus

Measuring Faecal Epi-Androsterone as an Indicator of Gonadal Activity in Spotted Hyenas (Crocuta crocuta)

Enzyme immunoassays (EIA) that measure faecal testosterone metabolites (fTM) are useful tools to monitor gonadal activity. The aim of this study was to validate an “in-house” epiandrosterone EIA to monitor fTM in spotted hyenas. FTM were characterised in a male and a female hyena that each received an injection of 3H-testosterone. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC...

Sibling competition and hunger increase allostatic load in spotted hyaenas

Sarah Benhaiem Heribert Hofer Martin Dehnhard Janine Helms Marion L. East Receive free email alerts when new articles cite this article - sign up in the box at the top right-hand corner of the ... load in spotted hyaenas Sarah Benhaiem, Heribert Hofer, Martin Dehnhard, Janine Helms and Marion L. East Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (IZW), Alfred-Kowalke-Strasse 17, Berlin 10315

Sibling rivalry: training effects, emergence of dominance and incomplete control

Within-brood or -litter dominance provides fitness-related benefits if dominant siblings selfishly skew access to food provided by parents in their favour. Models of facultative siblicide assume that dominants exert complete control over their subordinate sibling's access to food and that control is maintained, irrespective of the subordinate's hunger level. By contrast, a recent...

Immunogenetic Variation and Differential Pathogen Exposure in Free-Ranging Cheetahs across Namibian Farmlands

Background Genes under selection provide ecologically important information useful for conservation issues. Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and II genes are essential for the immune defence against pathogens from intracellular (e.g. viruses) and extracellular (e.g. helminths) origins, respectively. Serosurvey studies in Namibian cheetahs (Acinonyx juabuts) revealed...

An Advanced Method to Assess the Diet of Free-Ranging Large Carnivores Based on Scats

Background The diet of free-ranging carnivores is an important part of their ecology. It is often determined from prey remains in scats. In many cases, scat analyses are the most efficient method but they require correction for potential biases. When the diet is expressed as proportions of consumed mass of each prey species, the consumed prey mass to excrete one scat needs to be...

Antagonistic Pleiotropy and Fitness Trade-Offs Reveal Specialist and Generalist Traits in Strains of Canine Distemper Virus

Theoretically, homogeneous environments favor the evolution of specialists whereas heterogeneous environments favor generalists. Canine distemper is a multi-host carnivore disease caused by canine distemper virus (CDV). The described cell receptor of CDV is SLAM (CD150). Attachment of CDV hemagglutinin protein (CDV-H) to this receptor facilitates fusion and virus entry in...

The fitness of dispersing spotted hyaena sons is influenced by maternal social status

AffiliationsResearch Group Evolutionary Ecology, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, 10315 Berlin, Germany.Oliver P. Höner, Bettina Wachter, Heribert Hofer, Kerstin Wilhelm, Dagmar Thierer & Marion L ... AuthorsSearch for Oliver P. Höner in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Bettina Wachter in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Heribert Hofer in:Nature Research

Maternal effects on offspring social status in spotted hyenas

Social status is an important phenotypic trait that determines fitness-relevant parameters. In many mammalian societies, offspring acquire a social position at adulthood similar to that held by their mother (“rank inheritance”) and thus obtain fitness benefits associated with this status. Mothers may influence the rank of their offspring at adulthood in at least three distinct...

Male spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) queue for status in social groups dominated by females

A long-term study of immigrant male spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) living in large multimale/multifemale groups (clans) demonstrated that males acquire social status by queuing. Maximum likelihood estimates of parameters of a stochastic queuing model that assessed queuing discipline confirmed that immigrant males respected the convention that their positions in a queue of...

Modelling the Species Distribution of Flat-Headed Cats (Prionailurus planiceps), an Endangered South-East Asian Small Felid

Anthony Sebastian Stefan Dech Christine Breitenmoser Jim Sanderson J. W. Duckworth Heribert Hofer Michael Somers, University of Pretoria, South Africa Background: The flat-headed cat (Prionailurus