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A survey of natural distribution of yellow tailflower mild mottle virus in south-western Australia reveals new indigenous and exotic hosts

Yellow tailflower mild mottle virus (YTMMV) was previously reported from two wild species of Anthocercis (family Solanaceae) in Western Australia. Here, a survey of 89 wild and cultivated plants from 14 species was done to determine if YTMMV occurred more widely in indigenous plants, and if it naturally infected cultivated exotic plants. The survey extended 1500 km, from Coral...

LEDs for the Implementation of Advanced Hydrogenation Using Hydrogen Charge-State Control

Light-induced degradation (LID) of p-type Cz solar cells has plagued the industry for many decades. However, in recent years, new techniques for solving this LID have been developed, with hydrogen passivation of the boron-oxygen defects appearing to be an important contributor to the solution. Advanced hydrogenation approaches involving the control of the charge state for the...

The correlates of social capital and adherence to healthy lifestyle in patients with coronary heart disease

The correlates of social capital and adherence to healthy lifestyle in patients with coronary heart disease Jialie Fang,1,* Ji-Wei Wang,2,* Jiang Li,3 Hua Li,4 Chunhai Shao5 1Shanghai Jing’an ... health, s chool of Public h ealth, Fudan University , s hanghai, People's republic of china 3 hua li Department of cardiac surgery, Zhongshan hospital, Fudan University , shanghai, china, 180 Feng-lin road

Gas Protection of Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials from High-Energy Impacts

Two-dimensional (2D) materials can be produced using ball milling with the help of liquid surfactants or solid exfoliation agents, as ball milling of bulk precursor materials usually produces nanosized particles because of high-energy impacts. Post-milling treatment is thus needed to purify the nanosheets. We show here that nanosheets of graphene, BN, and MoS2 can be produced by...

First report of Narcissus mosaic virus from Australia and from Iris

A plant of Iris xiphium in Western Australia displayed chlorotic streaks on the leaves and spathe that resembled symptoms of virus infection. After sequencing total RNA extracted from the plant, a sequence of 6,957 nt representing the complete genome of an Australian isolate of Narcissus mosaic virus (NMV) was obtained. It shared 97 % nucleotide identity with the two available...

The Global Trade in Fresh Produce and the Vagility of Plant Viruses: A Case Study in Garlic

As cuisine becomes globalized, large volumes of fresh produce are traded internationally. The potential exists for pathogens infecting fresh produce to hitchhike to new locations and perhaps to establish there. It is difficult to identify them using traditional methods if pathogens are novel, scarce, and/or unexpected. In an attempt to overcome this limitation, we used high...

Donkey Orchid Symptomless Virus: A Viral ‘Platypus’ from Australian Terrestrial Orchids

Complete and partial genome sequences of two isolates of an unusual new plant virus, designated Donkey orchid symptomless virus (DOSV) were identified using a high-throughput sequencing approach. The virus was identified from asymptomatic plants of Australian terrestrial orchid Diuris longifolia (Common donkey orchid) growing in a remnant forest patch near Perth, western...

Continuously elevated serum matrix metalloproteinase-3 for 3 ~ 6 months predict one-year radiographic progression in rheumatoid arthritis: a prospective cohort study

Introduction Core disease activity indicators of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been found to be limited in predicting joint destruction progression. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 3 plays an essential role in joint destruction and was found elevated in some remission patients. We aimed to monitor dynamic core disease activity indicators and serum MMP-3 for one year and evaluate...

Differentially Expressed Proteins and Associated Histological and Disease Progression Changes in Cotyledon Tissue of a Resistant and Susceptible Genotype of Brassica napus Infected with Sclerotinia sclerotiorum

sampling as described by Hua Li et al. [36]. Cross sections were stained for detection of polyphenols and lignin (0.5% Toluidine Blue O in benzoate buffer, pH 4.4), and were examined and photographed using ... areas around the dead cells of palisade mesophyll layer were evident, indicating accumulation of polyphenolic and/or phytoalexin compounds (Figure 2E). Similar observations were also made by Hua Li et al

Observations on the expression of human papillomavirus major capsid protein in HeLa cells

Background The goal of this study was to identify the nature of the inclusion bodies that have been found in HeLa cells (cervical cancer immortal cell line) by electron microscope and to determine whether the major capsid protein (L1) of human papillomavirus (HPV) can be expressed in HPV-positive uterine cervix cancer cells. Methods HPV L1 protein expression in HeLa cells was...

Detection of shifted double JPEG compression by an adaptive DCT coefficient model

-Hua Li 0 0 School of Information Security Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University , No. 800, Dong Chuan Rd, Shanghai 200240 , China In many JPEG image splicing forgeries, the tampered image patch has

First report of an isolate of Japanese iris necrotic ring virus from Australia

Stephen J. Wylie Hua Li Michael G. K. Jones An isolate of Japanese iris necrotic ring virus (JINRV) was detected from a plant of Iris ensata Thunb. growing in Western Australia, and the sequence of

Phylogenetic analysis of allexiviruses identified on garlic from Australia

Stephen J. Wylie Hua Li Michael G. K. Jones Partial genome sequences with identity to members of the genus Allexivirus were described in Australia from Allium sativum L. (garlic). Phylogenetic

Differential Responses to Virus Challenge of Laboratory and Wild Accessions of Australian Species of Nicotiana, and Comparative Analysis of RDR1 Gene Sequences

Nicotiana benthamiana is a model plant utilised internationally in plant virology because of its apparent hyper-susceptibility to virus infection. Previously, others showed that all laboratory accessions of N. benthamiana have a very narrow genetic basis, probably originating from a single source. It is unknown if responses to virus infection exhibited by the laboratory accession...

Mechanically activated catalyst mixing for high-yield boron nitride nanotube growth

Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) have many fascinating properties and a wide range of applications. An improved ball milling method has been developed for high-yield BNNT synthesis, in which metal nitrate, such as Fe(NO3)3, and amorphous boron powder are milled together to prepare a more effective precursor. The heating of the precursor in nitrogen-containing gas produces a high...

Elevated Interleukin-32 Expression Is Associated with Helicobacter pylori-Related Gastritis

Background Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a recently discovered proinflammatory cytokine involved in inflammatory diseases. We investigated the expression of IL-32 and its regulation mechanism in the inflammatory response of patients with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Design and Methods IL-32 mRNA and protein expression in gastric tissues was detected by quantitative real...

A Comparison of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) with Other Surveillance Tools for Echinococcus granulosus Diagnosis in Canine Definitive Hosts

Background Cystic echinococcosis is highly prevalent in northwest China. A cost-effective, easy to operate diagnostic tool with high sensitivity and specificity would greatly facilitate the monitoring of Echinococcus infections in canine definitive hosts. Methods The primers used in the LAMP assay were based on the mitochondrial nad5 gene of E. granulosus sensu stricto (E...

Genotype V Japanese Encephalitis Virus Is Emerging

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a global public health issue that has spread widely to more than 20 countries in Asia and has extended its geographic range to the south Pacific region including Australia. JE has become the most important cause of viral encephalitis in the world. Japanese encephalitis viruses (JEV) are divided into five genotypes, based on the nucleotide sequence of...

Oh my aching gut: irritable bowel syndrome, Blastocystis, and asymptomatic infection

Kenneth F Boorom Huw Smith Laila Nimri Eric Viscogliosi Gregory Spanakos Unaiza Parkar Lan-Hua Li Xiao-Nong Zhou lgen Z Ok Saovanee Leelayoova Morris S Jones Blastocystis is a prevalent