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The diversity effect in inductive reasoning depends on sampling assumptions

A key phenomenon in inductive reasoning is the diversity effect, whereby a novel property is more likely to be generalized when it is shared by an evidence sample composed of diverse instances than a sample composed of similar instances. We outline a Bayesian model and an experimental study that show that the diversity effect depends on the assumption that samples of evidence...

Mechanisms in bradykinin stimulated arachidonate release and synthesis of prostaglandin and platelet activating factor

Regulatory mechanisms in bradykinin (BK) activated release of arachidonate (ARA) and synthesis of prostaglandin (PG) and platelet activating factor (PAF) were studied in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC). A role for GTP binding protein (G-protein) in the binding of BK to the cells was determined. Guanosine 5-O- (thiotriphosphate), (GTPτS), lowered the binding...

What do the experts know? Calibration, precision, and the wisdom of crowds among forensic handwriting experts

Psychology, University of New South Wales , Sydney , Australia 1 Kristy A. Martire Danielle J. Navarro Forensic handwriting examiners currently testify to the origin of questioned handwriting for legal

Quantifying sentence acceptability measures: Reliability, bias, and variability

Danielle J. Navarro The University of New South Wales, School of psychology, AU X close Abstract Understanding and measuring sentence acceptability is of fundamental importance for linguists

A Sequence Analysis of Nonverbal Behaviour and Deception

The ability to correctly interpret nonverbal communication (NVC) is an important ability in everyday interactions, which may use NVC techniques to identify the concealment of information. In the present study, a novel approach was used to understand NVC. Behaviour sequence analysis identified specific sequences of behaviours that indicate psychological distress caused by...

Not every credible interval is credible: Evaluating robustness in the presence of contamination in Bayesian data analysis

As Bayesian methods become more popular among behavioral scientists, they will inevitably be applied in situations that violate the assumptions underpinning typical models used to guide statistical inference. With this in mind, it is important to know something about how robust Bayesian methods are to the violation of those assumptions. In this paper, we focus on the problem of...

The helpfulness of category labels in semi-supervised learning depends on category structure

, School of Psychology, University of Adelaide SA 5005, Australia (). Daniel J. Navarro received salary support from Australian Research Council grant FT110100431 and Amy Perfors from Australian Research

Colonic Oxidative and Mitochondrial Function in Parkinson’s Disease and Idiopathic REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

Objective. To determine potential mitochondrial and oxidative alterations in colon biopsies from idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) subjects. Methods. Colonic biopsies from 7 iRBD subjects, 9 subjects with clinically diagnosed PD, and 9 healthy controls were homogenized in 5% w/v mannitol. Citrate synthase (CS) and complex I (CI) were...

Learning time-varying categories

Daniel J. Navarro Amy Perfors Wai Keen Vong Many kinds of objects and events in our world have a strongly time-dependent quality. However, most theories about concepts and categories either are

A systematic screen reveals new elements acting at the G2/M cell cycle control

Background The major cell cycle control acting at the G2 to mitosis transition is triggered in all eukaryotes by cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe the activation of the G2/M CDK is regulated primarily by dephosphorylation of the conserved residue Tyr15 in response to the stress-nutritional response and cell geometry sensing pathways...

Automated Visual Inspection of Ship Hull Surfaces Using the Wavelet Transform

industry,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 65–77, 2005. View at Google ScholarA. Iborra, J. A. Pastor, P. J. Navarro et al., “A cost-effective robotic solution for the cleaning of ... water jetting and understanding the phenonemon of “blocking” of flash rusting,” Journal of Protective Coatings and Linings, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 13–26, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at ScopusP. J

A Virgo Environmental Survey Tracing Ionised Gas Emission (VESTIGE) - I. Introduction to the survey

M. A. Miville-Deschenes J. Navarro D. Patton E. W. Peng H. Plana N. Prantzos C. Robert J. Roediger Y. Roehlly D. Russeil P. Salome R. Sanchez-Janssen P. Serra K. Spekkens M. Sun J. Taylor S. Tonnesen

Better explanations of lexical and semantic cognition using networks derived from continued rather than single-word associations

funded by the Research FoundationFlanders (FWO) to the first author and by the interdisciplinary research project IDO/07/002 awarded to Dirk Speelman, Dirk Geeraerts, and Gert Storms. Daniel J Navarro was

RAVE stars in K2 - I. Improving RAVE red giants spectroscopy using asteroseismology from K2 Campaign 1

. Bland-Hawthorn U. Munari O. Bienaymé K. C. Freeman B. K. Gibson G. Gilmore E. K. Grebel A. Helmi A. Kunder P. McMillan J. Navarro Q. A. Parker W. Reid G. Seabroke S. Sharma A. Siviero F. Watson R. F. G

Similarity, distance, and categorization: A discussion of Smith’s (2006) warning about “colliding parameters”

DANIEL J. NAVARRO 0 0 University of Adelaide , Adelaide, South Australia, Australia The idea that categorization decisions rely on subjective impressions of similarities between stimuli has been ... article should be addressed to D. J. Navarro, School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia (e-mail: daniel .). 1. The notion is that the category similarities siA are assumed

Alkaline and neutral Comet assay profiles of sperm DNA damage in clinical groups

testing. Fertil Steril 2008; 5(Suppl.):S178 S180. Rius M, Obradors A, Daina G, Ramos L, Pujol A, Martinez-Passarell O, Marques L, Oliver-Bonet M, Benet J, Navarro J. Detection of unbalanced chromosome

Does response scaling cause the generalized context model to mimic a prototype model?

DANIEL J. NAVARRO 0 0 University of Adelaide , Adelaide, Australia Smith and Minda (1998, 2002) argued that the response scaling parameter in the exemplar-based generalized context model (GCM) makes

Common and distinctive features in stimulus similarity: A modified version of the contrast model

Featural representations of similarity data assume that people represent stimuli in terms of a set of discrete properties. In this article, we consider the differences in featural representations that arise from making four different assumptions about how similarity is measured. Three of these similarity models— the common features model, the distinctive features model, and...