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Receptors, Associations, and Risk Factor Differences by Breast Cancer Subtypes: Positive or Negative?

0 1500 East Duarte Rd, Bldg 173, Duarte, CA 91010 ( 1 Leslie Bernstein, James V. Lacey, Jr 2 Affiliation of authors: Division of Cancer Etiology, Department of Population Sciences, Beckman Research

Invited Commentary: Endometrial Hyperplasia—Getting Back to Normal

Cancer precursors can help to reveal clues about how and when risk factors influence the development of carcinoma. Endometrial carcinoma is well-suited to studies of precursors: Strong risk and protective factors exist, as does a good candidate precursor lesion, called atypical endometrial hyperplasia. Atypical hyperplasia is the most severe type of endometrial hyperplasia, which...

Age-Specific Incidence of Breast Cancer Subtypes: Understanding the Black–White Crossover

Christina A. Clarke Theresa H. M. Keegan Juan Yang David J. Press Allison W. Kurian Anish H. Patel James V. Lacey Jr Breast cancer incidence is higher among black women than white women before age

Response: Re: Breast Cancer Incidence, 1980–2006: Combined Roles of Menopausal Hormone Therapy, Screening Mammography, and Estrogen Receptor Status

V. LACEY JR JOSEPH D. CARREON ROBERT N. HOOVER ... established screening programs, such as Kaiser Permanente Northwest and others (2), may be necessary to fully understand the combined effects of these factors on breast cancer incidence. ANDREW G. GLASS JAMES

Breast Cancer Incidence, 1980–2006: Combined Roles of Menopausal Hormone Therapy, Screening Mammography, and Estrogen Receptor Status

Background Breast cancer incidence has been rising since at least 1935–1939, but recent US data reveal a statistically significant decline in breast cancer incidence in 2003 that persisted through 2004. Identifying the specific contributions of the potential causes of this long-term increase and the recent decrease in incidence has been challenging. Marked changes in rates of...

Estrogen metabolism and breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women: a case–cohort study within B~FIT

Although elevated circulating estrogens are associated with increased postmenopausal breast cancer risk, less is known regarding the role of estrogen metabolism in breast carcinogenesis. We conducted a case–cohort study within the Breast and Bone Follow-up to the Fracture Intervention Trial to assess serum estrogens and estrogen metabolites (EMs) in 407 incident breast cancer...

Prospective Evaluation of Risk Factors for Male Breast Cancer

Most risk factors for male breast cancer have been derived from retrospective studies that may reflect selective recall. In the prospective National Institutes of Health–AARP Diet and Health Study, we studied 324 920 men, among whom 121 developed breast cancer. Men who reported a first-degree relative with breast cancer had an increased risk of breast cancer (relative risk [RR...

Impact of Hysterectomy on Endometrial Carcinoma Rates in the United States

In the United States, endometrial carcinoma incidence rates, uncorrected for hysterectomy prevalence, are higher among white women than black women. We estimated corrected endometrial carcinoma rates by racial/ethnic groups and age (30–74 years) for 1992–2000 using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey...

Hormone-related Risk Factors and Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Among Nulliparous Versus Parous Women: An Aggregated Study

. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Author affiliations: Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland (Sara J. Schonfeld, Ruth M. Pfeiffer, James V. Lacey, Jr., Amy Berrington de ... , Baltimore, Maryland (Sara J. Schonfeld, Kala Visvanathan); Department of Population Sciences, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, California (James V. Lacey, Jr.); Epidemiology Research Center

Menopausal Hormone Therapy and Ovarian Cancer Risk in the National Institutes of Health–AARP Diet and Health Study Cohort

Background: Recent studies offer conflicting data on risks of ovarian cancer in users of menopausal hormone therapy. Some findings of increased risks associated with unopposed estrogen use are based on older studies of women with intact uteri, and small sample size and incomplete exposure information have limited the data on estrogen plus progestin associations. Methods: The...

Menstrual and Reproductive Factors in Association With Lung Cancer in Female Lifetime Nonsmokers

affiliations: Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health , Bethesda, Maryland (Jocelyn M. Weiss, James V. Lacey, Jr., Bu-Tian Ji, Nathaniel Rothman

Meat, Fat, and Their Subtypes as Risk Factors for Colorectal Cancer in a Prospective Cohort of Women

The authors investigated the association of intakes of meat and fat with colorectal cancer in a prospective cohort of women in the United States. Between 1987 and 1989, 45,496 women completed a 62-item National Cancer Institute/Block food frequency questionnaire, and during 386,716 person-years of follow-up, there were 487 incident cases of colorectal cancer. The authors used Cox...

Common genetic variation in the sex hormone metabolic pathway and endometrial cancer risk: pathway-based evaluation of candidate genes

Background. Estrogen plays a major role in endometrial carcinogenesis, suggesting that common variants of genes in the sex hormone metabolic pathway may be related to endometrial cancer risk. In support of this view, variants in CYP19A1 [cytochrome P450 (CYP), family 19, subfamily A, polypeptide 1] have been associated with both circulating estrogen levels and endometrial cancer...

Scleroderma and Solvent Exposure among Women

Exposure to solvents has been reported to increase the risk of scleroderma. The authors investigated the relation between exposures to solvents in occupational and hobby settings and the development of scleroderma among women in a case-control study with population-based controls in Michigan (1980–1991) and Ohio (1980–1992). A total of 660 cases and 2,227 frequency-matched...

Petroleum Distillate Solvents as Risk Factors for Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Disease (UCTD)

Occupational solvent exposure may increase the risk of connective tissue disease (CTD). The objective of this case-control study was to investigate the relation between undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) and solvent exposure in Michigan and Ohio. Women were considered to have UCTD if they did not meet the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for...

Potential Risk Factors for Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Disease among Women: Implanted Medical Devices

A case-control study was conducted among 205 women in Michigan and Ohio who were diagnosed with undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) to investigate the significance of self-reported past exposures to implanted silicone-containing or non-silicone-containing medical devices. The 205 UCTD cases were compared with 2,095 controls who were sampled by random digit dialing...

Age at Last Birth in Relation to Risk of Endometrial Cancer: Pooled Analysis in the Epidemiology of Endometrial Cancer Consortium

Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Kristin Anderson, Kim Robien); Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope, Duarte, California (Leslie Bernstein, James V. Lacey, Jr.); National