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Search: authors:"Jarvis, Joseph N"

10 papers found.
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Neurological Sequelae of Adult Meningitis in Africa: A Systematic Literature Review

The high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa has markedly changed the epidemiology and presentation of adult meningitis. We conducted a systematic review using PubMed, Embase, Ovid, CENTRAL, and African Index Medicus to identify studies in Africa with data on neurological outcomes in adults after meningitis. We found 22 articles meeting inclusion...

Advanced Human Immunodeficiency Virus Disease in Botswana Following Successful Antiretroviral Therapy Rollout: Incidence of and Temporal Trends in Cryptococcal Meningitis

Botswana has a well-developed antiretroviral therapy (ART) program that serves as a regional model. With wide ART availability, the burden of advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and associated opportunistic infections would be expected to decline. We performed a nationwide surveillance study to determine the national incidence of cryptococcal meningitis (CM), and describe...

Thalidomide Treatment for Refractory HIV-Associated Colitis: A Case Series

Thalidomide has been used as a treatment for various human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–associated and non–HIV-associated illnesses, generally in cases in which inflammatory disease is refractory to standard therapy. Here, we discuss the successful use of thalidomide in 3 patients with severe, idiopathic HIV-associated colitis.

Screening for Cryptococcal Antigenemia in Patients Accessing an Antiretroviral Treatment Program in South Africa

Background. Cryptococcal meningitis is a leading cause of death in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and contributes substantially to the high early mortality in antiretroviral treatment (ART) programs in low-resource settings. Screening for cryptococcal antigen in patients who enroll in ART programs may identify those at risk of cryptococcal meningitis and permit...