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Search: authors:"Jean-François Daudelin"

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The Notch signaling pathway controls CD8+ T cell differentiation independently of the classical effector HES1

During CD8+ T cell response, Notch signaling controls short-lived-effector-cell (SLEC) generation, but the exact mechanisms by which it does so remains unclear. The Notch signaling pathway can act as a key regulator of Akt signaling via direct transcriptional induction of Hes1, which will then repress the transcription of Pten, an inhibitor of Akt signaling. As both Notch and Akt...

The Non-Classical MAP Kinase ERK3 Controls T Cell Activation

The classical mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) ERK1 and ERK2 are activated upon stimulation of cells with a broad range of extracellular signals (including antigens) allowing cellular responses to occur. ERK3 is an atypical member of the MAPK family with highest homology to ERK1/2. Therefore, we evaluated the role of ERK3 in mature T cell response. Mouse resting T cells...

CD40-Activated B Cells Can Efficiently Prime Antigen-Specific Naïve CD8+ T Cells to Generate Effector but Not Memory T cells

Background The identification of the signals that should be provided by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) to induce a CD8+ T cell response in vivo is essential to improve vaccination strategies using antigen-loaded APCs. Although dendritic cells have been extensively studied, the ability of other APC types, such as B cells, to induce a CD8+ T cell response have not been thoroughly...

Administration of probiotics influences F4 (K88)-positive enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli attachment and intestinal cytokine expression in weaned pigs

This study evaluated the effect of the probiotics Pediococcus acidilactici and Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii on the intestinal colonization of O149 enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli harbouring the F4 (K88) fimbriae (ETEC F4) and on the expression of ileal cytokines in weaned pigs. At birth, different litters of pigs were randomly assigned to one of the following treatments: 1...