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Formation of size-dependent and conductive phase on lithium iron phosphate during carbon coating

Carbon coating is a commonly employed technique for improving the conductivity of active materials in lithium ion batteries. The carbon coating process involves pyrolysis of organic substance on lithium iron phosphate particles at elevated temperature to create a highly reducing atmosphere. This may trigger the formation of secondary phases in the active materials. Here, we...

Low CCL17 expression associates with unfavorable postoperative prognosis of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma

Background Chemokine (C–C motif) ligand 17 (CCL17) is a chemokine mainly produced by myeloid dendritic cells. It is a ligand for CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) and CC chemokine receptor 8 (CCR8). The aim of this study was to investigate prognostic values of CCL17 expression in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Methods The study included 286 patients with...

Visualization of anisotropic-isotropic phase transformation dynamics in battery electrode particles

Anisotropy, or alternatively, isotropy of phase transformations extensively exist in a number of solid-state materials, with performance depending on the three-dimensional transformation features. Fundamental insights into internal chemical phase evolution allow manipulating materials with desired functionalities, and can be developed via real-time multi-dimensional imaging...

A reconstruction approach in wavelet domain for fluorescent molecular tomography via rotated sources illumination

Background Fluorescent molecular tomography (FMT) aims at reconstructing the spatial map of optical and fluorescence parameters from fluence measurements. Basically, solving large-scale matrix equations is computationally expensive for image reconstruction of FMT. Despite the reconstruction quality can be improved with more sources, it may result in higher computational costs for...

Physical Constraint Finite Element Model for Medical Image Registration

Due to being derived from linear assumption, most elastic body based non-rigid image registration algorithms are facing challenges for soft tissues with complex nonlinear behavior and with large deformations. To take into account the geometric nonlinearity of soft tissues, we propose a registration algorithm on the basis of Newtonian differential equation. The material behavior...

High Level of Anaphylatoxin C5a Predicts Poor Clinical Outcome in Patients with Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Anaphylatoxin C5a, a potent pro-inflammatory peptide produced in the process of complement activation, was proved to have a vital role in tumor initiation and progession by previous investigations. However whether it could act as a prognostic marker remains unknown. Here we retrospectively enrolled 272 ccRCC patients undergoing nephrectomy in Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai between...

Compact Shielding of Graphene Monolayer Leads to Extraordinary SERS-Active Substrate with Large-Area Uniformity and Long-Term Stability

, Hangzhou 310058, ChinaXiangjiang Liu, Jiajun Wang & Yibin YingState Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Instrumentation, College of Optical Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 ... • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Jiajun Wang in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Yichen Wu in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Tianren Fan in:Nature

Long noncoding RNAs in gastric cancer: functions and clinical applications

Long noncoding RNAs in gastric cancer: functions and clinical applications Jiajun Wang,* Jingxu Sun,* Jun Wang, Yongxi Song, Peng Gao, Jinxin Shi, Ping Chen, Zhenning Wang Department of Surgical ... ). Author contributions Jiajun Wang and Jingxu Sun contributed equally to this work. Jun Wang and Yongxi Song contributed to drafting and editing of the manuscript. Peng Gao and Jinxin Shi participated in the

Importance of Tryptophan in Transforming an Amphipathic Peptide into a Pseudomonas aeruginosa-Targeted Antimicrobial Peptide

Here, we found that simple substitution of amino acids in the middle position of the hydrophobic face of an amphipathic peptide RI16 with tryptophan (T9W) considerably transformed into an antimicrobial peptide specifically targeting Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) results demonstrated that T9W had a strong and specifically antimicrobial activity...

Biomedical Informatics and Computational Biology for High-Throughput Data Analysis

and significant association between a SNP in the NCK2 gene on chromosome 2 with opiates addiction in African-origin men. Bairong  Shen Jian  Ma Jiajun  Wang Junbai  Wang

Biomedical Informatics and Computational Biology for High-Throughput Data Analysis

and significant association between a SNP in the NCK2 gene on chromosome 2 with opiates addiction in African-origin men. Bairong  Shen Jian  Ma Jiajun  Wang Junbai  Wang

Antimicrobial Properties and Membrane-Active Mechanism of a Potential α-Helical Antimicrobial Derived from Cathelicidin PMAP-36

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), which present in the non-specific immune system of organism, are amongst the most promising candidates for the development of novel antimicrobials. The modification of naturally occurring AMPs based on their residue composition and distribution is a simple and effective strategy for optimization of known AMPs. In this study, a series of truncated...

Image reconstruction of fluorescent molecular tomography based on the tree structured Schur complement decomposition

Background The inverse problem of fluorescent molecular tomography (FMT) often involves complex large-scale matrix operations, which may lead to unacceptable computational errors and complexity. In this research, a tree structured Schur complement decomposition strategy is proposed to accelerate the reconstruction process and reduce the computational complexity. Additionally, an...

A Wavelet-Based Multiresolution Reconstruction Method for Fluorescent Molecular Tomography

Image reconstruction of fluorescent molecular tomography (FMT) often involves repeatedly solving large-dimensional matrix equations, which are computationally expensive, especially for the case where there are large deviations in the optical properties between the target and the reference medium. In this paper, a wavelet-based multiresolution reconstruction approach is proposed...

Fasting plasma glucose is an independent predictor for severity of H1N1 pneumonia

Background The pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus emerged during 2009 and has spread worldwide. This virus can cause injuries to the lungs, liver, and heart. However, data regarding whether this influenza virus can affect pancreatic islets are limited. We investigated the effects of influenza A (H1N1) pneumonia on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and islet function, and evaluated...

Size-dependent surface phase change of lithium iron phosphate during carbon coating

5B7Yongji Tang & T. K. ShamClariant (Canada), 280 ave. Liberté, Candiac, Québec, Canada J5R 6X1Guoxian Liang & Michel Gauthier AuthorsSearch for Jiajun Wang in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google