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Prevalence and income-related equity in hypertension in rural China from 1991 to 2011: differences between self-reported and tested measures

Along with economic growth and living standard improvement, hypertension has become one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in China. Self-reported measures and tested measures of hypertension may differ significantly due to the low awareness of prevalence. The objective of this study is to figure out whether and how self-reported measures differ from tested measures in terms...

Urban-rural difference in the associations between living arrangements and the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of the elderly in China—Evidence from Shaanxi province

Contributions Conceptualization: Zhiying Zhou, Zhongliang Zhou. Methodology: Zhongliang Zhou. Supervision: Jianmin Gao. Writing ? original draft: Zhiying Zhou. Writing ? review & editing: Zhiying Zhou, Sha

Effects of China’s urban basic health insurance on preventive care service utilization and health behaviors: Evidence from the China Health and Nutrition Survey

Conceptualization: Jianmin Gao. Formal analysis: Wanyue Dong, Ruhai Bai, Yue Wu, Min Su. Resources: Zhongliang Zhou, Xiao Wang. Writing ? original draft: Wanyue Dong. Writing ? review & editing: Zhongliang Zhou

Prevalences and trends of chronic diseases in Shaanxi Province, China: Evidence from representative cross-sectional surveys in 2003, 2008 and 2013

. Acknowledgments The authors want to express our gratitude to the Health Department of Shaanxi Province for providing data for analysis. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Sha Lai, Jianmin Gao, Zhongliang ... Zhou, Gang Chen. Data curation: Sha Lai, Xiaowei Yang, Yongjian Xu, Zhiying Zhou. Formal analysis: Sha Lai, Jianmin Gao, Zhongliang Zhou. Funding acquisition: Jianmin Gao. Investigation: Sha Lai

Effect of China’s maternal health policy on improving rural hospital delivery: Evidence from two cross-sectional surveys

request. Researchers who want to use these data should contact Jianmin Gao (). Additional information Publisher's note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published ... Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Jianmin Gao in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Contributions Conceived and designed the study: X.F., Y.X. and Z.Z. Collected the

The distribution of benefits under China’s new rural cooperative medical system: evidence from western rural China

China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) enables insured citizens to enjoy the same benefit package by paying a flat-rate premium. However, it still remains uncertain whether economically disadvantaged enrollees receive insurance benefits that at least match those of non-disadvantaged enrollees. This article, therefore, estimates the distribution of benefits under the NCMS...

Application of 25 MHz B-Scan Ultrasonography to Determine the Integrity of the Posterior Capsule in Posterior Polar Cataract

Purpose. To report the application of 25 MHz B-scan ultrasonography (MHzB) to determine the integrity of the posterior capsule (PC) in posterior polar cataract (PPC). Methods. Patients with whom PPC was clinically diagnosed using slit lamp microscopy who underwent 25 MHzB before phacoemulsification were retrospectively reviewed. The status of the PC was determined by 25 MHzB...

Application of 25 MHz B-Scan Ultrasonography to Determine the Integrity of the Posterior Capsule in Posterior Polar Cataract

Purpose. To report the application of 25 MHz B-scan ultrasonography (MHzB) to determine the integrity of the posterior capsule (PC) in posterior polar cataract (PPC). Methods. Patients with whom PPC was clinically diagnosed using slit lamp microscopy who underwent 25 MHzB before phacoemulsification were retrospectively reviewed. The status of the PC was determined by 25 MHzB...

Application of 25 MHz B-Scan Ultrasonography to Determine the Integrity of the Posterior Capsule in Posterior Polar Cataract

Purpose. To report the application of 25 MHz B-scan ultrasonography (MHzB) to determine the integrity of the posterior capsule (PC) in posterior polar cataract (PPC). Methods. Patients with whom PPC was clinically diagnosed using slit lamp microscopy who underwent 25 MHzB before phacoemulsification were retrospectively reviewed. The status of the PC was determined by 25 MHzB...

An equity analysis of health examination service utilization by women from underdeveloped areas in western China

collection. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Jianmin Gao. Formal analysis: Yuyan Qian. Funding acquisition: Ju'e Yan. Data curation: Yuyan Qian, Zhongliang Zhou, Ju'e Yan, Yongjian Xu, Xiaowei Yang ... . Investigation: Yuyan Qian, Zhongliang Zhou, Ju'e Yan, Yongjian Xu, Xiaowei Yang, Yanli Li. Resources: Jianmin Gao, Zhongliang Zhou. Writing ± original draft: Yuyan Qian. Writing ± review & editing: Yuyan Qian

An economy-related equity analysis of health service utilization by women in economically underdeveloped regions of western China

The Chinese government has long been committed to eliminating the inequality in the utilization of health services; however, it still lacks an analysis or measurement of the economy-related inequality in the utilization of women’s health services. The economy-related utilization of health services in women aged 15 years and above was assessed by the horizontal inequity index of a...

Health-related quality of life and its influencing factors for patients with hypertension: evidence from the urban and rural areas of Shaanxi Province, China

Background Hypertension is an important public health issue in China, but there are few studies on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for patients with hypertension in China. This study aims to examine the HRQoL as measured by EQ-5D and investigate the factors that influence HRQoL for patients with hypertension in Shaanxi Province, China. Methods Data were collected from the...

Decomposing socioeconomic inequalities in depressive symptoms among the elderly in China

Background Accelerated population ageing brings about unprecedented challenges to the health system in China. This study aimed to measure the prevalence and the income-related inequality of depressive symptoms, and also identify the determinants of depressive symptom inequality among the elderly in China. Methods Data were drawn from the second wave of the China Health and...

Nitrous Oxide Emission and Denitrifier Abundance in Two Agricultural Soils Amended with Crop Residues and Urea in the North China Plain

The application of crop residues combined with Nitrogen (N) fertilizer has been broadly adopted in China. Crop residue amendments can provide readily available C and N, as well as other nutrients to agricultural soils, but also intensify the N fixation, further affecting N2O emissions. N2O pulses are obviously driven by rainfall, irrigation and fertilization. Fertilization before...

Targeting bacteria via iminoboronate chemistry of amine-presenting lipids

, 2609 Beacon Street, Chestnut Hill, Massachuetts 02467, USAAnupam Bandyopadhyay, Kelly A. McCarthy, Michael A. Kelly & Jianmin Gao AuthorsSearch for Anupam Bandyopadhyay in:Nature Research journals ... . Corresponding author Correspondence to Jianmin Gao. Supplementary information PDF files1.Supplementary Information Supplementary Figures 1-25, Supplementary Table 1, Supplementary Methods and Supplementary

Exploring the nonlinear relationship between body mass index and health-related quality of life among adults: a cross-sectional study in Shaanxi Province, China

Introduction China is a country facing the “double burden” of both obesity and underweight. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adults from Shaanxi Province. Methods The data were derived from the fifth Health Service Survey of Shaanxi Province, which was part of China’s National...

Measurement and explanation of socioeconomic inequality in catastrophic health care expenditure: evidence from the rural areas of Shaanxi Province

Background Policy interventions have been taken to protect households from facing unpredictable economic changes that may cause catastrophe in China. This study aims to estimate the change of overall proportion of households incurring catastrophic health care expenditure (CHE) and its income-related inequality in the rural areas of Shaanxi Province from 2008 to 2013. Methods The...

The Financial Impact of the ‘Zero-Markup Policy for Essential Drugs’ on Patients in County Hospitals in Western Rural China

Objective With a quasi-experimental design, this study aims to assess whether the Zero-markup Policy for Essential Drugs (ZPED) reduces the medical expense for patients at county hospitals, the major healthcare provider in rural China. Methods Data from Ningshan county hospital and Zhenping county hospital, China, include 2014 outpatient records and 9239 inpatient records...

The effects of China’s urban basic medical insurance schemes on the equity of health service utilisation: evidence from Shaanxi Province

Introduction In order to alleviate the problem of “Kan Bing Nan, Kan Bing Gui” (medical treatment is difficult to access and expensive) and improve the equity of health service utilisation for urban residents in China, the Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance scheme (UEBMI) and Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance scheme (URBMI) were established in 1999 and 2007, respectively...

The Effect of Urban Basic Medical Insurance on Health Service Utilisation in Shaanxi Province, China: A Comparison of Two Schemes

Background Urban population in China is mainly covered by two medical insurance schemes: the Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance (UEBMI) for urban employees in formal sector and the Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance (URBMI) for the left urban residents, mainly the unemployed, the elderly and children. This paper studies the effects of UEBMI and URBMI on health services...