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Intention to initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV in China under the scaling-up of ART: the role of healthcare workers’ recommendations

The early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for people living with HIV (PLWH) benefits both individuals and societies. However, little is known about the intention to initiate ART among PLWH in China in the context of a scaling-up of treatment or how the recommendations of healthcare workers affect this intention. A total of 451 ART-naïve PLWH were recruited from...

Capacity Allocation and Revenue Sharing in Airline Alliances: A Combinatorial Auction-Based Modeling

University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China Correspondence should be addressed to Ying-jing Gu; moc.qq@034697535 Received 31 October 2016; Accepted 10 January 2017; Published 7 February 2017 ... Academic Editor: Sergii V. Kavun Copyright © 2017 Ying-jing Gu and Jin-Fu Zhu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use

Complexity Study of the Credit Risk of a Business Group

A business group is a complex system; thus it is much more difficult to predict its credit risk than that of an individual company. This study proposes an iterative model, which describes the internal interactions and dynamic credit risk of a business group. The proposed model was analyzed from a complex dynamics perspective. The simulation results based on this model show that...

Complexity Study of the Credit Risk of a Business Group

A business group is a complex system; thus it is much more difficult to predict its credit risk than that of an individual company. This study proposes an iterative model, which describes the internal interactions and dynamic credit risk of a business group. The proposed model was analyzed from a complex dynamics perspective. The simulation results based on this model show that...

Does mobile phone ownership predict better utilization of maternal and newborn health services? a cross-sectional study in Timor-Leste

Background Increasingly popular mobile health (mHealth) programs have been proposed to promote better utilization of maternal, newborn and child health services. However, women who lack access to a mobile phone are often left out of both mHealth programs and research. In this study, we determine whether household mobile phone ownership is an independent predictor of utilization...

Comparison of attitudes toward disability and people with disability among caregivers, the public, and people with disability: findings from a cross-sectional survey

Background A negative attitude toward disability is one of the potential barriers for people with disability (PWD) to achieve social equality. Although numerous studies have investigated attitudes toward disability, few have evaluated personal attitudes toward disability among PWD, and made comparisons with attitudes of healthy respondents. This study was to investigate and...

Optimal Velocity Control for a Battery Electric Vehicle Driven by Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors

The permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) has high efficiency and high torque density. Field oriented control (FOC) is usually used in the motor to achieve maximum efficiency control. In the electric vehicle (EV) application, the PMSM efficiency model, combined with the EV and road load system model, is used to study the optimal energy-saving control strategy, which is...

The emerging roles of β-arrestins in fibrotic diseases

β-Arrestins and β-arrestin2 are important adaptor proteins and signal transduction proteins that are mainly involved in the desensitization and internalization of G-protein-coupled receptors. Fibrosis is characterized by accumulation of excess extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules caused by chronic tissue injury. If highly progressive, the fibrotic process leads to organ...

Attitudes towards suicide in urban and rural China: a population based, cross-sectional study

Background Suicide intervention programs have been guided by findings that attitude towards suicide and suicidal behavior may be causally linked. These findings also make it imperative to identify the factors that influence attitudes towards suicide. However, there has been little research on attitudes towards suicide among the general population, especially in low-income and...

Thioredoxin-Interacting Protein Stimulates Its Own Expression via a Positive Feedback Loop

Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) has emerged as a key regulator of important cellular processes including redox state, inflammation, and apoptosis and plays a particularly critical role in pancreatic β-cell biology and diabetes development. High glucose and diabetes induce TXNIP expression, whereas inhibition of TXNIP expression or TXNIP deficiency protects against...

Chronic stress enhances progression of periodontitis via α1-adrenergic signaling: a potential target for periodontal disease therapy

Wang Shisen Liu Jing Gu Songshan Lin This study assessed the roles of chronic stress (CS) in the stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system and explored the underlying mechanisms of periodontitis

Perceived Empathy of Service Providers Mediates the Association between Perceived Discrimination and Behavioral Intention to Take Up HIV Antibody Testing Again among Men Who Have Sex with Men

author (Jing Gu, ) or the corresponding author (Joseph Lau, . hk) for information related to this study. Funding: The study was funded by Hong Kong Council for the AIDS Trust Fund (ref#SPF028): http

The Role of Contrast Adaptation in Saccadic Suppression in Humans

The idea of retinal and ex-retinal sources of saccadic suppression has long been established in previous studies. However, how they are implemented in local circuit remains unknown. Researchers have suggested that saccadic suppression was probably achieved by contrast gain control, but this possibility has never been directly tested. In this study, we manipulated contrast gain...

Comparative Investigation of Human Amniotic Epithelial Cells and Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Application in Bone Tissue Engineering

Emerging evidence suggests amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) as a promising source of progenitor cells in regenerative medicine and bone tissue engineering. However, investigations comparing the regenerative properties of AECs with other sources of stem cells are particularly needed before the feasibility of AECs in bone tissue engineering can be determined. This study aimed to...

Comparative Investigation of Human Amniotic Epithelial Cells and Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Application in Bone Tissue Engineering

Emerging evidence suggests amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) as a promising source of progenitor cells in regenerative medicine and bone tissue engineering. However, investigations comparing the regenerative properties of AECs with other sources of stem cells are particularly needed before the feasibility of AECs in bone tissue engineering can be determined. This study aimed to...

The Chinese version of the world health organization quality of life instrument-older adults module (WHOQOL-OLD): psychometric evaluation

Rong Liu 0 Shaomin Wu 0 Yuantao Hao Jing Gu Jiqian Fang Nanqiao Cai Jinxin Zhang 0 Equal contributors School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University , 74 Zhongshan RoadII, Guangzhou 510080, the

Registration Quality Assessment of Acupuncture Clinical Trials

designed to test the assessment of framework, and the training and competence of the data extractors, was performed prior to data extraction. Three researchers (Jing GU, Xiaogang WANG and Ye Zhao) extracted ... the data from 20 random records independently. Results of the pilot were discussed by Kehu Yang and Jing GU and the framework was subsequently adapted. Two researchers (Jing GU and Ye ZHAO) extracted

Should Associations between HIV-Related Risk Perceptions and Behaviors or Intentions Be Positive or Negative?

Risk perceptions are important in HIV research and interventions; mixed results were found between HIV-related perceptions and behaviors. We interviewed 377 sexually active injecting drug users in China, finding mixed associations between HIV-related risk perception assessed by two general measures and two previous risk behaviors (syringe sharing: p<.05; unprotected sex: p>.05...

Assessment of Registration Information on Methodological Design of Acupuncture RCTs: A Review of 453 Registration Records Retrieved from WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform

February 2014 Academic Editor: Byung-Cheul Shin Copyright © 2014 Jing Gu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use ... competence of the data extractors was performed prior to data extraction. Two researchers (Jing Gu and Xiaogang Wang) extracted the data from each record independently. Disagreements were settled through