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13 papers found.
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The online measured black carbon aerosol and source orientations in the Nam Co region, Tibet

Equivalent black carbon (eBC) mass concentrations were measured by an aethalometer (AE-31) in the Nam Co, central Tibet from 2010 to 2014. Different from previous filter-sampling studies (Ming et al., J Environ Sci 22(11):1748–1756, 2010; Zhao et al., Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:5827–5838, 2013), the first high-resolution online eBC measurement conducted in central Tibet is...

Bis(sulfosuccinimidyl) suberate (BS3) crosslinking analysis of the behavior of amyloid-β peptide in solution and in phospholipid membranes

The structure and state of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) oligomers often need to be checked by reliable experimental methods. Electrophoresis is a commonly applied measurement method. However, due to the presence of detergents, oligomers are easily broken during electrophoresis, which makes it very hard to accurately assess Aβ aggregate states. In the current study, bis...

Grey Tienshan Urumqi Glacier No.1 and light-absorbing impurities

The Tienshan Urumqi Glacier No.1 (TUG1) usually shows “grey” surfaces in summers. Besides known regional warming, what should be responsible for largely reducing its surface albedo and making it look “grey”? A field campaign was conducted on the TUG1 on a selected cloud-free day of 2013 after a snow fall at night. Fresh and aged snow samples were collected in the field, and snow...

UV-Enhanced NaClO Oxidation of Nitric Oxide from Simulated Flue Gas

A wet de-NOx technique based on an UV-enhanced NaClO oxidation process was investigated for simulated flue gas of a diesel engine using a bench-scale reaction chamber. The effects of UV irradiation time, initial pH value, and available chlorine concentration of NaClO solution were studied, respectively. The results showed that when the UV irradiation time was 17.5 min and the...

The Smallest Spectral Radius of Graphs with a Given Clique Number

, Shanghai 200237, China Received 4 May 2014; Revised 27 June 2014; Accepted 27 June 2014; Published 13 July 2014 Academic Editor: Luis Acedo Copyright © 2014 Jing-Ming Zhang et al. This is an open access

The Smallest Spectral Radius of Graphs with a Given Clique Number

, Shanghai 200237, China Received 4 May 2014; Revised 27 June 2014; Accepted 27 June 2014; Published 13 July 2014 Academic Editor: Luis Acedo Copyright © 2014 Jing-Ming Zhang et al. This is an open access

On the Signless Laplacian Spectral Radius of Bicyclic Graphs with Perfect Matchings

Technology, Shanghai 200237, China Received 3 April 2014; Accepted 22 May 2014; Published 11 June 2014 Academic Editor: Hung Nguyen-Xuan Copyright © 2014 Jing-Ming Zhang et al. This is an open access

On the Signless Laplacian Spectral Radius of Bicyclic Graphs with Perfect Matchings

Technology, Shanghai 200237, China Received 3 April 2014; Accepted 22 May 2014; Published 11 June 2014 Academic Editor: Hung Nguyen-Xuan Copyright © 2014 Jing-Ming Zhang et al. This is an open access

Reversible Data Hiding Scheme with High Embedding Capacity Using Semi-Indicator-Free Strategy

A novel reversible data-hiding scheme is proposed to embed secret data into a side-matched-vector-quantization- (SMVQ-) compressed image and achieve lossless reconstruction of a vector-quantization- (VQ-) compressed image. The rather random distributed histogram of a VQ-compressed image can be relocated to locations close to zero by SMVQ prediction. With this strategy, fewer bits...

Widespread Albedo Decreasing and Induced Melting of Himalayan Snow and Ice in the Early 21st Century

Background The widely distributed glaciers in the greater Himalayan region have generally experienced rapid shrinkage since the 1850s. As invaluable sources of water and because of their scarcity, these glaciers are extremely important. Beginning in the twenty-first century, new methods have been applied to measure the mass budget of these glaciers. Investigations have shown that...

Pathogenesis of Enterovirus 71 Brainstem Encephalitis in Pediatric Patients: Roles of Cytokines and Cellular Immune Activation in Patients with Pulmonary Edema

Taiwan experienced several epidemics of enterovirus 71 (EV71) infections, which were associated with brainstem encephalitis (BE) and pulmonary edema (PE). To elucidate the role of immune mechanisms in the pathogenesis of BE caused by EV71 and its fatal complication, PE, we analyzed the laboratory findings, cytokine, and immunophenotypes of 73 EV71-infected patients with BE...