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In-plane direct current probing for spin orbit torque-driven effective fields in perpendicularly magnetized heavy metal/ferromagnet/oxide frames

Search for Jungyup Yang in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for JinPyo Hong in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Contributions J.H. supervised the study, and ... authors discussed the results and reviewed the manuscript. Competing Interests The authors declare no competing interests. Corresponding author Correspondence to JinPyo Hong. Electronic supplementary

Primary cilia modulate TLR4-mediated inflammatory responses in hippocampal neurons

The primary cilium is an organelle that can act as a master regulator of cellular signaling. Despite the presence of primary cilia in hippocampal neurons, their function is not fully understood. Recent studies have demonstrated that the primary cilium influences interleukin (IL)-1β-induced NF-κB signaling, ultimately mediating the inflammatory response. We, therefore...

The anti-inflammatory role of extranuclear apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox effector factor-1 in reactive astrocytes

Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1), a ubiquitous multipurpose protein, is also known as redox effector factor-1 (Ref-1). It is involved in DNA repair and redox signaling and, in turn, oxidative stress-induced neurodegeneration. Although previous studies have demonstrated that APE1/Ref-1 functions as a negative regulator of inflammatory response via several mechanisms in...

Switching Power Universality in Unipolar Resistive Switching Memories

We investigate the resistive switching power from unipolar resistive switching current-voltage characteristics in various binary metal oxide films sandwiched by different metal electrodes, and find a universal feature (the so-called universality) in the switching power among these devices. To experimentally derive the switching power universality, systematic measurements of the...

TLR2-induced astrocyte MMP9 activation compromises the blood brain barrier and exacerbates intracerebral hemorrhage in animal models

Background The innate immune response plays an important role in the pathogenesis of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Recent studies have shown that Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is involved in the innate immune response in various neurological diseases, yet neither its role in ICH nor the mechanisms by which it functions have yet been elucidated. We examined these in this study...

Origin of New Broad Raman D and G Peaks in Annealed Graphene

Jung Lee, DaeEung Lee, Dong Seok Hwang & Sunmin Ryu AuthorsSearch for Jinpyo Hong in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Min Kyu Park in:Nature Research journals • PubMed

Surface energy-mediated construction of anisotropic semiconductor wires with selective crystallographic polarity

ZnO is a wide band-gap semiconductor with piezoelectric properties suitable for opto-electronics, sensors, and as an electrode material. Controlling the shape and crystallography of any semiconducting nanomaterial is a key step towards extending their use in applications. Whilst anisotropic ZnO wires have been routinely fabricated, precise control over the specific surface facets...

Imiquimod enhances excitability of dorsal root ganglion neurons by inhibiting background (K2P) and voltage-gated (Kv1.1 and Kv1.2) potassium channels

Background Imiquimod (IQ) is known as an agonist of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) and is widely used to treat various infectious skin diseases. However, it causes severe itching sensation as its side effect. The precise mechanism of how IQ causes itching sensation is unknown. A recent report suggested a molecular target of IQ as TLR7 expressed in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons...

Developmental stage‐specific expression of Rbm suggests its involvement in early phases of spermatogenesis

Rbm is a male infertility gene located on the Y chromosome that is expressed in the testis. To investigate the specific events of spermatogenesis in which Rbm plays a role, the precise pattern of expression of Rbm in the mouse testis was determined. An antibody was generated against the Rbm protein and used to detect a single specific band of 43 kDa in size in mouse testicular...