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12 papers found.
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Diagnostic performance of salivary urea nitrogen dipstick to detect and monitor acute kidney disease in patients with malaria

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of malaria. In low resource settings, a lack of diagnostic tools and delayed treatment of malaria associated AKI lead to significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of salivary urea nitrogen (SUN) dipstick to detect and monitor kidney disease [KD = AKI or acute kidney...

Association of intradialytic hypotension and convective volume in hemodiafiltration: results from a retrospective cohort study

Background Hemodiafiltration (HDF), as a convective blood purification technique, has been associated with favorable outcomes improved phosphate control, removal of middle-molecules such as Beta2-microglobulin and the occurrence of intradialytic hypotension (IDH) as compared to diffusive techniques. The aim of this retrospective cohort study in dialysis patients receiving HDF in...

Relation between trends in body temperature and outcome in incident hemodialysis patients

Background Various biochemical and physiological variables are related to outcome in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, the prognostic implications of trends in body temperature (BT) in this population have not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between trends in BT and outcome in incident HD patients.

Correction of Serum Sodium for Glucose Concentration in Hemodialysis Patients With Poor Glucose Control

PENNE, MD1,2 STEPHAN THIJSSEN, MD1,2 JOCHEN G. RAIMANN, MD1,2 NATHAN W. LEVIN, MD1,2 PETER KOTANKO, MD1,2 Acknowledgments E.L.P. received a research grant from the Dutch Kidney Foundation. No

Metabolic effects of dialyzate glucose in chronic hemodialysis: results from a prospective, randomized crossover trial

Background. There is no agreement concerning dialyzate glucose concentration in hemodialysis (HD) and 100 and 200 mg/dL (G100 and G200) are frequently used. G200 may result in diffusive glucose flux into the patient, with consequent hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinism, and electrolyte alterations, in particular potassium (K) and phosphorus (P). This trial compared metabolic effects...

Fatigue in Hemodialysis Patients With and Without Diabetes: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial of Two Glucose-Containing Dialysates

autonomic nervous system may be relevant (4). Based on these results, G100 offers advantages over G200 in diabetic HD patients. JOCHEN G. RAIMANN, MD1,2 ANJA KRUSE, MD1,2 STEPHAN THIJSSEN, MD1,2 VIKTORIYA

DIALYSIS CARDIOVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS 2

Introduction and Aims: Dialysis patients have high mortality risk with cardiovascular mortality as an important cause of death. Chronic kidney disease specific risk factors implicated in these processes include chronic inflammatory state with up-regulation of inflammatory cytokines and altered growth factor levels, altered calcium/phosphate metabolism and coagulation as well as...

Pathophysiology and clinical studies in CKD 5D

Introduction and Aims:In hemodialysis (HD) patients, sodium concentrations in the dialysate (DNa+) and serum (SNa+) and the resulting sodium gradient (GNa+) affect SNa+changes during HD. A rise of SNa+post-dialysis may increase osmolality and trigger post-dialytic thirst. GNa+is a potentially modifiable determinant of post-HD SNa+(Hecking, Am J Nephrol 2011). Here we expand...

CKD GENERAL AND CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY 1

Introduction and Aims: In hemodialysis (HD) patients low pre-HD serum sodium (SNa+) and high Na+ gradients have been associated with higher mortality. Increased pre-HD SNa+ variability has been linked to mortality, while stable SNa+ levels are associated with better survival. Here we investigated the joint relationship of SNa+ variability (expressed as standard deviation, SD) and...

Epidemiology - CKD 5D II

Introduction and Aims: Adherence to treatment recommendations on diet, fluid and medication is important to maximize good clinical outcomes in Hemodialysis yet it remains suboptimal and not well-understood. This trial set out to examine the effect of the HED- SMART intervention, a four-session, group-delivered self-management intervention on treatment adherence indicators...

Cardiovascular complications in CKD 5D

Introduction and Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the attainment of KDIGO suggestions for mineral and bone disorder (MBD) markers and the presence of various ankle brachial systolic pressure index (ABI) levels in our hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: In a cross-sectional study we analyzed 137 patients (85 male; mean age 55.8±14.2 years...