Thalidomide has been used as a treatment for various human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–associated and non–HIV-associated illnesses, generally in cases in which inflammatory disease is refractory to standard therapy. Here, we discuss the successful use of thalidomide in 3 patients with severe, idiopathic HIV-associated colitis.
Background. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—associated nephropathy (HIVAN) is an important cause of end-stage renal disease among African American patients. This study was performed to study the epidemiology of HIVAN in a predominantly black African population and the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy and other factors on the development of end-stage renal disease.