Advanced search    

Search: authors:"José M. Lázaro"

12 papers found.
Use AND, OR, NOT, +word, -word, "long phrase", (parentheses) to fine-tune your search.

Dual Role of φ29 DNA Polymerase Lys529 in Stabilisation of the DNA Priming-Terminus and the Terminal Protein-Priming Residue at the Polymerisation Site

Resolution of the crystallographic structure of φ29 DNA polymerase binary and ternary complexes showed that residue Lys529, located at the C-terminus of the palm subdomain, establishes contacts with the 3′ terminal phosphodiester bond. In this paper, site-directed mutants at this Lys residue were used to analyse its functional importance for the synthetic activities of φ29 DNA...

Mechano-chemical kinetics of DNA replication: identification of the translocation step of a replicative DNA polymerase

During DNA replication replicative polymerases move in discrete mechanical steps along the DNA template. To address how the chemical cycle is coupled to mechanical motion of the enzyme, here we use optical tweezers to study the translocation mechanism of individual bacteriophage Phi29 DNA polymerases during processive DNA replication. We determine the main kinetic parameters of...

Crystal structure and functional insights into uracil-DNA glycosylase inhibition by phage ϕ29 DNA mimic protein p56

Uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG) is a key repair enzyme responsible for removing uracil residues from DNA. Interestingly, UDG is the only enzyme known to be inhibited by two different DNA mimic proteins: p56 encoded by the Bacillus subtilis phage ϕ29 and the well-characterized protein Ugi encoded by the B. subtilis phage PBS1/PBS2. Atomic-resolution crystal structures of the B...

Novel dimeric structure of phage ϕ29-encoded protein p56: insights into uracil-DNA glycosylase inhibition

Protein p56 encoded by the Bacillus subtilis phage ϕ29 inhibits the host uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG) activity. To get insights into the structural basis for this inhibition, the NMR solution structure of p56 has been determined. The inhibitor defines a novel dimeric fold, stabilized by a combination of polar and extensive hydrophobic interactions. Each polypeptide chain contains...

Editing of misaligned 3′-termini by an intrinsic 3′–5′ exonuclease activity residing in the PHP domain of a family X DNA polymerase

Bacillus subtilis gene yshC encodes a family X DNA polymerase (PolXBs), whose biochemical features suggest that it plays a role during DNA repair processes. Here, we show that, in addition to the polymerization activity, PolXBs possesses an intrinsic 3′–5′ exonuclease activity specialized in resecting unannealed 3′-termini in a gapped DNA substrate. Biochemical analysis of a...

Function of the C‐terminus of ϕ29 DNA polymerase in DNA and terminal protein binding

The thumb subdomain, located in various family B DNA polymerases in the C‐terminal region, has been shown in their crystal structures to move upon binding of DNA, changing its conformation to nearly completely wrap around the DNA. It has therefore been involved in DNA binding. In agreement with this, partial proteolysis studies of ϕ29 DNA polymerase have shown that the...

Involvement of phage ϕ29 DNA polymerase and terminal protein subdomains in conferring specificity during initiation of protein-primed DNA replication

To initiate ϕ29 DNA replication, the DNA polymerase has to form a complex with the homologous primer terminal protein (TP) that further recognizes the replication origins of the homologous TP-DNA placed at both ends of the linear genome. By means of chimerical proteins, constructed by swapping the priming domain of the related ϕ29 and GA-1 TPs, we show that DNA polymerase can...

Involvement of φ29 DNA polymerase thumb subdomain in the proper coordination of synthesis and degradation during DNA replication

φ29 DNA polymerase achieves a functional coupling between its 3′–5′ exonuclease and polymerization activities by means of important contacts with the DNA at both active sites. The placement and orientation of residues Lys538, Lys555, Lys557, Gln560, Thr571, Thr573 and Lys575 in a modelled φ29 DNA polymerase–DNA complex suggest a DNA-binding role. In addition, crystal structure of...

Differential functional behavior of viral ϕ29, Nf and GA-1 SSB proteins

DNA replication of ϕ29 and related phages takes place via a strand displacement mechanism, a process that generates large amounts of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). Consequently, phage-encoded ssDNA-binding proteins (SSBs) are essential proteins during phage ϕ29-like DNA replication. In the present work we analyze the helix-destabilizing activity of the SSBs of ϕ29 and the related...

Φ29 DNA polymerase residues Tyr59, His61 and Phe69 of the highly conserved ExoII motif are essential for interaction with the terminal protein

Phage Φ29 encodes a DNA-dependent DNA polymerase belonging to the eukaryotic-type (family B) subgroup of DNA polymerases that use a protein as the primer for initiation of DNA synthesis. In one of the most important motifs present in the 3′→5′ exonucleolytic domain of proofreading DNA polymerases, the ExoII motif, Φ29 DNA polymerase contains three amino acid residues, Y59, H61...

A positively charged residue of ϕ29 DNA polymerase, highly conserved in DNA polymerases from families A and B, is involved in binding the incoming nucleotide

Alignment of the protein sequence of DNA-dependent DNA polymerases has allowed the definition of a new motif, lying adjacent to motif B in the direction of the N‐terminus and therefore named pre-motif B. Both motifs are located in the fingers subdomain, shown to rotate towards the active site to form a dNTP-binding pocket in several DNA polymerases in which a closed ternary...

Overproduction and purification of protein P6 of Bacillus subtilis phage φ29: role in the initiation of DNA replication

A ø29 DNA fragment containing gene 6, required for DNA replication, has been cloned in plasmid pPLc28 under the control of the PL promoter of phage lambda. A polypeptide with an electrophoretic mobility close to that of p6 was labelled with 35S methionine after heat induction. This protein, representing about 4% of the total E. coli protein after 1 h of induction, was obtained in...