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Suicidal ideation, suicidal behaviors, and attitudes towards suicide of adolescents enrolled in the Alternative Learning System in Manila, Philippines—a mixed methods study

BackgroundGlobally, suicide is a significant cause of death among adolescents. Previous studies conducted in high-income countries suggest that students in alternative schools are more likely to engage in suicidal behaviors than those in formal schools. This study aimed to document suicidal ideation and behaviors among adolescent learners enrolled in the Alternative Learning...

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of public secondary school teachers on Zika Virus Disease: A basis for the development of evidence-based Zika educational materials for schools in the Philippines

, Jun Kobayashi. Data curation: Ernesto R. Gregorio, Jr., John Robert C. Medina, Marian Fe Theresa C. Lomboy, Andre Dominic P. Talaga, Paul Michael R. Hernandez. Formal analysis: Ernesto R. Gregorio, Jr ... ., John Robert C. Medina, Marian Fe Theresa C. Lomboy, Paul Michael R. Hernandez, Mitsuya Kodama. Funding acquisition: Jun Kobayashi. Investigation: Ernesto R. Gregorio, Jr., Andre Dominic P. Talaga

An index formula for the degree of (S)

, American Mathematical Society, Rhode Island, 1994 , translated from the 1990 Russian original by D. D. Pascali . Jun Kobayashi: Department of Applied Physics, School of Science and Engineering, Waseda

Youth sports activity and young people’s well-being after a disaster: a trial with the Mastery Approach to Coaching (MAC) in the Philippines

ObjectiveSports activities is broadly utilized to support well-being of youth after a disaster or conflict. However, scientific validation of programs have not been conducted. The Mastery Approach to Coaching (MAC) is a coaching-education program on sports activities. The MAC reported to have a positive effect on youngsters’ self-esteem. As self-esteem is generally known to be...

Implementation of disaster risk reduction and management policies in a school setting in Lao PDR: a case study

BackgroundLao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) formulated the National Strategic Plan for Disaster Risk Management to reduce risks to the communities. This plan was eventually integrated into the school curriculum, but its implementation has never been evaluated. This study aimed to clarify the present situation to inform better implementation strategies on disaster risk...

An index formula for the degree of (S)

, American Mathematical Society, Rhode Island, 1994 , translated from the 1990 Russian original by D. D. Pascali . Jun Kobayashi: Department of Applied Physics, School of Science and Engineering, Waseda

Malaria among foreign migrant workers in Savannakhet Province, Lao People’s Democratic Republic

BackgroundAlthough mobile and migrant populations are considered an important group in malaria elimination settings, there is currently a lack of understanding about foreign migrant workers in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). The present study aimed to document the migration characteristics, positive rate of malaria infection, and preventive and treatment-seeking...

Malaria prevalence, knowledge, perception, preventive and treatment behavior among military in Champasak and Attapeu provinces, Lao PDR: a mixed methods study

BackgroundMalaria is a major health problem in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) with high transmission in remote and forest areas, particularly in the South. The military is at risk of malaria infection especially those deployed in forest areas. This study determined the prevalence of malaria infection and assessed knowledge, perception, and preventive and treatment...

Patients’ adherence to artemisinin-based combination therapy and healthcare workers’ perception and practice in Savannakhet province, Lao PDR

BackgroundArtemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum has been spreading across Southeast Asia. Patients’ adherence to artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is critical to avoid expanding this resistance. The objectives of this research were to examine patients’ adherence to ACT for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria and to examine the healthcare workers’ perception...

Quality of public school toilets and the frequency of changing sanitary napkins among students in public secondary schools in the City of Manila, Philippines

BackgroundIn sub-tropical countries, poor menstrual hygiene management has been reported. One cause of poor menstrual hygiene management can be poor quality toilets. However, associations between poor quality toilets and menstrual-related behaviors have been poorly understood. The present study aimed to assess the association between the quality of school toilets and the...

Addressing challenges in children’s mental health in disaster-affected areas in Japan and the Philippines – highlights of the training program by the National Center for Global Health and Medicine

Background and purposeNatural disasters such as earthquakes, typhoons, floods, and volcanic eruptions frequently occur in Republic of Philippines and mental health care for children affected by these natural disasters is a major public health concern. Aiming to train health professionals on children’s mental health, to conduct a situational analysis to identify the local needs...

Bioaccumulation Patterns of Perfluoroalkyl Acids in an Estuary of the Ariake Sea, Japan

, Kumamoto 862-8502 , Japan 3 Jun Kobayashi To evaluate the bioaccumulation potential of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in an aquatic food web, we measured the concentrations of nine PFAAs in the water and

Systematic review of school tobacco prevention programs in African countries from 2000 to 2016

and Welfare of the Government of Japan (2016±2017) Author Contributions Conceptualization: Akihiro Nishio, Junko Saito, Sachi Tomokawa, Jun Kobayashi, Yuka Makino, Takeshi Akiyama. Data curation ... Akiyama. Project administration: Akihiro Nishio. Supervision: Sachi Tomokawa, Jun Kobayashi. Validation: Akihiro Nishio. Writing ± original draft: Akihiro Nishio, Mayumi Yamamoto. Writing ± review

Silkworms suppress the release of green leaf volatiles by mulberry leaves with an enzyme from their spinnerets

, Yamaguchi, 753-8515, JapanHiroki Takai, Kiriko Arai, Takao Koeduka, Jun Kobayashi & Kenji MatsuiLaboratory of Insect Genetics and Bioscience, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University ... Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Jun Kobayashi in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Yooichi Kainoh in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar

Individual and household factors associated with incidences of village malaria in Xepon district, Savannakhet province, Lao PDR

Background In the Lao PDR, the incidence of malaria greatly differs among villages even within a subdistrict, and the reasons for this difference are poorly understood. The objective of this study was to identify differences in villagers’ behavior and the household environment between villages with high incidences and those with low incidences of malaria in a rural district of...

Respiratory Uptake and Depuration Kinetics of Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) in a Marine Sandworm Species

We determined the respiratory uptake and depuration kinetics of perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) in Perinereis wilsoni, a polychaete sandworm used as a model species to investigate the fate of chemical pollutants in coastal environments. The sandworms were kept in gravel-packed containers, and the water levels were varied cyclically to mimic the tides. We used seawater kept at 17...

Rad51 and RecA juxtapose dsDNA ends ready for DNA ligase-catalyzed end-joining under recombinase-suppressive conditions

RecA-family recombinase-catalyzed ATP-dependent homologous joint formation is critical for homologous recombination, in which RecA or Rad51 binds first to single-stranded (ss)DNA and then interacts with double-stranded (ds)DNA. However, when RecA or Rad51 interacts with dsDNA before binding to ssDNA, the homologous joint-forming activity of RecA or Rad51 is quickly suppressed. We...

Astragaloside-IV prevents acute kidney injury and inflammation by normalizing muscular mitochondrial function associated with a nitric oxide protective mechanism in crush syndrome rats

Background Crush syndrome (CS) is a serious medical condition characterized by muscle cell damage resulting from decompression after compression (i.e., ischemia/reperfusion injury). A large number of CS patients develop cardiac failure, kidney dysfunction, and systemic inflammation, even when fluid therapy is administered. We evaluated whether the administration of astragaloside...

Household clustering of asymptomatic malaria infections in Xepon district, Savannakhet province, Lao PDR

Nakatsu Panom Phongmany Futoshi Nishimoto Jun Kobayashi 0 Bouasy Hongvanthon Paul T. Brey Kazuhiko Moji Toshihiro Mita Shigeyuki Kano 0 Department of Global Health, School of Health Sciences, University of

Asymptomatic malaria, growth status, and anaemia among children in Lao People’s Democratic Republic: a cross-sectional study

Tiengkham Pongvongsa Souraxay Phrommala Tomoyo Taniguchi Yuba Inamine 0 Rie Takeuchi Tadashi Watanabe Futoshi Nishimoto Kazuhiko Moji Shigeyuki Kano Hisami Watanabe 0 Jun Kobayashi 0 Center of Molecular