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A low trophic position of Japanese eel larvae indicates feeding on marine snow

What eel larvae feed on in the surface layer of the ocean has remained mysterious. Gut contents and bulk nitrogen stable isotope studies suggested that these unusual larvae, called leptocephali, feed at a low level in the oceanic food web, whereas other types of evidence have suggested that small zooplankton are eaten. In this study, we determined the nitrogen isotopic...

Association of the CYP17 gene and CYP19 gene polymorphisms with risk of endometriosis in Japanese women

BACKGROUND: To investigate whether polymorphisms of CYP17 and CYP19 genes are associated with the risk of endometriosis, we analysed the frequency and distribution of a single nucleotide polymorphism at the 5′ untranslated region of the CYP17 gene, and a tetranucleotide (TTTA) tandem repeat polymorphism and a 3 bp insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism in intron 4 of the CYP19...

De Novo Assembly of the Whole Transcriptome of the Wild Embryo, Preleptocephalus, Leptocephalus, and Glass Eel of Anguilla japonica and Deciphering the Digestive and Absorptive Capacities during Early Development

Natural stocks of Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) have decreased drastically because of overfishing, habitat destruction, and changes in the ocean environment over the past few decades. However, to date, artificial mass production of glass eels is far from reality because of the lack of appropriate feed for the eel larvae. In this study, wild glass eel, leptocephali...

Deep-ocean origin of the freshwater eels

Jun G. Inoue Masaki Miya Michael J. Miller Tetsuya Sado Reinhold Hanel Kiyotaka Hatooka Jun Aoyama Yuki Minegishi Mutsumi Nishida Katsumi Tsukamoto Articles on similar topics can be found in the

Did a “perfect storm” of oceanic changes and continental anthropogenic impacts cause northern hemisphere anguillid recruitment reductions?

ICES Journal of Marine Science ( Marine Science Michael J. Miller 1 Eric Feunteun 0 Katsumi Tsukamoto 1 0 Museum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Station Marine de Dinard , 38, rue du port Blanc

Discovery of a spawning area of the common Japanese conger Conger myriaster along the Kyushu-Palau Ridge in the western North Pacific

The common Japanese conger Conger myriaster is an important commercial coastal fisheries species in East Asia, but its spawning area has not been determined. A larval sampling survey was conducted in September 2008 along 136°E between 13°N and 22°N, which roughly followed the Kyushu-Palau Ridge in the western North Pacific. Twenty larval specimens were confirmed to be C...

Dramatic effect of pop-up satellite tags on eel swimming

The journey of the European eel to the spawning area in the Sargasso Sea is still a mystery. Several trials have been carried out to follow migrating eels with pop-up satellite tags (PSATs), without much success. As eels are very efficient swimmers, tags likely interfere with their high swimming efficiency. Here we report a more than twofold increase in swimming cost caused by a...

Effect of larval swimming in the western North Pacific subtropical gyre on the recruitment success of the Japanese eel

Conceptualization: Yu-Lin K. Chang, Michael J. Miller, Katsumi Tsukamoto. Data curation: Yu-Lin K. Chang, Yasumasa Miyazawa. Formal analysis: Yu-Lin K. Chang. Methodology: Yu-Lin K. Chang. Writing ? original draft ... : Yu-Lin K. Chang, Michael J. Miller, Katsumi Tsukamoto, Yasumasa Miyazawa. 21 / 25 22 / 25 23 / 25 24 / 25 1. Aida K , Tsukamoto K , Yamauchi K. Eel Biology . Springer Japan. 2003 : 497 . https

Efficiency of Peptide Nucleic Acid-Directed PCR Clamping and Its Application in the Investigation of Natural Diets of the Japanese Eel Leptocephali

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-clamping using blocking primer and DNA-analogs, such as peptide nucleotide acid (PNA), may be used to selectively amplify target DNA for molecular diet analysis. We investigated PCR-clamping efficiency by studying PNA position and mismatch with complementary DNA by designing PNAs at five different positions on the nuclear rDNA internal transcribed...

Evolution of the Deep-Sea Gulper Eel Mitochondrial Genomes: Large-Scale Gene Rearrangements Originated Within the Eels

Jun G. Inoue 0 Masaki Miya Katsumi Tsukamoto 0 Mutsumi Nishida 0 0 Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo , Tokyo , Japan; and Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum & Institute , Chiba

Leptin directly stimulates aromatase activity in human luteinized granulosa cells

Leptin, the obese (ob) gene product, is secreted by adipocytes and regulates appetite through interaction with hypothalamic leptin receptors. Leptin may also have a stimulatory effect on reproductive function. Furthermore, leptin receptor mRNA is expressed in the ovary, suggesting a direct effect on its function. The present study examines the direct role of leptin on the...

Low occurrence rates of ubiquitously present leptocephalus larvae in the stomach contents of predatory fish

Leptocephali, the larvae of eels, grow to large sizes and are widely distributed in tropical and subtropical oceans. Their role in oceanic food webs is poorly known because they are rarely reported as food items in fish stomach content studies. Data from 13 years of research on the trophic dynamics of Pacific Ocean predatory fish indicate that among 8746 fish of 76 species/taxa...

Migratory Restlessness and the Role of Androgen for Increasing Behavioral Drive in the Spawning Migration of the Japanese eel

University, 1866 Kameino, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, 252-0880 JapanKatsumi Tsukamoto AuthorsSearch for Ryusuke Sudo in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Katsumi Tsukamoto in:Nature Research

Narrowed temperature adaptability in non-natal osmotic environments of two euryhaline wanderers, dace and black porgy: implications for seasonal habitat changes

Station, Field Science Education and Research Center, Kyoto University , Nagahama, Maizuru, Kyoto 625-0086 , Japan 2 Katsumi Tsukamoto 3 Masahiro Nakamura Many euryhaline wanderer species exhibit seasonal

Observation of a Gelatinous Octopod, Haliphron atlanticus, along the Southern West Mariana Ridge: A Unique Cephalopod of Continental Slope and Mesopelagic Communities

The circumglobal deep-sea gelatinous giant octopod, Haliphron atlanticus, reaches 4 m in length and uses both benthic and pelagic habitats in the upper 3000 m of the ocean during different life history stages, but it is rarely observed due to the deep-depths where it typically lives. It has been collected in trawls and observed a few times near continental margins or islands and...

Observation of a Gelatinous Octopod, Haliphron atlanticus, along the Southern West Mariana Ridge: A Unique Cephalopod of Continental Slope and Mesopelagic Communities

The circumglobal deep-sea gelatinous giant octopod, Haliphron atlanticus, reaches 4 m in length and uses both benthic and pelagic habitats in the upper 3000 m of the ocean during different life history stages, but it is rarely observed due to the deep-depths where it typically lives. It has been collected in trawls and observed a few times near continental margins or islands and...

Oestrogen receptor-alpha gene polymorphism is associated with endometriosis, adenomyosis and leiomyomata

Endometriosis, adenomyosis and leiomyomata develop in women of reproductive age and regress after menopause or ovariectomy, suggesting that they grow in an oestrogen-dependent fashion. We investigated whether polymorphism in the oestrogen receptor-alpha (ERα) gene is related to oestrogen-dependent benign uterine disease. A total of 203 women with regular menstrual cycles...

Potential impact of ocean circulation on the declining Japanese eel catches

, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, 252-0880, JapanMichael J. Miller & Katsumi Tsukamoto AuthorsSearch for Yu-Lin K. Chang in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Yasumasa Miyazawa in:Nature ... Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Michael J. Miller in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Katsumi Tsukamoto in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google