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Low-Power Resistive Switching Characteristic in HfO2/TiOx Bi-Layer Resistive Random-Access Memory

Resistive random-access memory devices with atomic layer deposition HfO2 and radio frequency sputtering TiOx as resistive switching layers were fabricated successfully. Low-power characteristic with 1.52 μW set power (1 μA@1.52 V) and 1.12 μW reset power (1 μA@1.12 V) was obtained in the HfO2/TiOx resistive random-access memory (RRAM) devices by controlling the oxygen content of...

Negative Differential Resistance Effect in Ru-Based RRAM Device Fabricated by Atomic Layer Deposition

In this work, Ru-based RRAM devices with atomic layer deposited AlOy/HfOx functional layer were fabricated and studied. A negative differential resistance (NDR) behavior was observed during the voltage set process, and its physical origin was explored. Based on the physics understanding of the resistive switching, the measured NDR behavior is believed to be associated with the...

Transcriptome Analysis of Orange Head Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis) and Molecular Marker Development

Due to the visual appearance and high carotenoid content, orange inner leaves are a desirable trait for the Chinese cabbage. To understand the molecular mechanism underlying the formation of orange inner leaves, the BrCRTISO (Bra031539) gene, as the Br-or candidate gene, was analyzed among the white and orange varieties, and 7 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were...

Transcriptome Analysis of Orange Head Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis) and Molecular Marker Development

Due to the visual appearance and high carotenoid content, orange inner leaves are a desirable trait for the Chinese cabbage. To understand the molecular mechanism underlying the formation of orange inner leaves, the BrCRTISO (Bra031539) gene, as the Br-or candidate gene, was analyzed among the white and orange varieties, and 7 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were...

Demonstration of Logic Operations in High-Performance RRAM Crossbar Array Fabricated by Atomic Layer Deposition Technique

In this paper, resistive random access memory (RRAM)-based crossbar arrays with the cell structure of Pt/[AlO y /HfO x ] m /TiN were fabricated by using atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique. The RRAM devices in the arrays show excellent performances such as good uniformity and high reliability. Based on the fabricated RRAM array, a complete set of basic logic operations...

The Characteristics of Binary Spike-Time-Dependent Plasticity in HfO2-Based RRAM and Applications for Pattern Recognition

A binary spike-time-dependent plasticity (STDP) protocol based on one resistive-switching random access memory (RRAM) device was proposed and experimentally demonstrated in the fabricated RRAM array. Based on the STDP protocol, a novel unsupervised online pattern recognition system including RRAM synapses and CMOS neurons is developed. Our simulations show that the system can...

Visible Thrombolysis Acceleration of a Nanomachine Powered by Light-Driving F0F1-ATPase Motor

We report on thrombolysis acceleration of a nanomachine powered by light-driving δ-subunit-free F0F1-ATPase motor. It is composed of a mechanical device, locating device, energy storage device, and propeller. The rotory δ-subunit-free F0F1-ATPase motor acts as a mechanical device, which was obtained by reconstructing an original chromatophore extracted from Rhodospirillum rubrum...

Correlations between ASCC3 Gene Polymorphisms and Chronic Hepatitis B in a Chinese Han Population

We have previously identified 8 SNPs in Han Chinese HBV carriers that are associated with disease progression. Although not well studied, genetic factors may also play a significant role in developing chronic HBV disease after exposure. We extend the effect of these eight SNPs on persistent HBV infection in this study. A total of 875 unrelated Han Chinese, 493 chronic hepatitis B...

Ozone Treatment Improved the Resistive Switching Uniformity of HfAlO2 Based RRAM Devices

, Beijing 100871, China Received 22 January 2015; Accepted 15 February 2015 Academic Editor: Rui Zhang Copyright © 2015 Lifeng Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative

Ozone Treatment Improved the Resistive Switching Uniformity of HfAlO2 Based RRAM Devices

, Beijing 100871, China Received 22 January 2015; Accepted 15 February 2015 Academic Editor: Rui Zhang Copyright © 2015 Lifeng Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative

Ozone Treatment Improved the Resistive Switching Uniformity of HfAlO2 Based RRAM Devices

, Beijing 100871, China Received 22 January 2015; Accepted 15 February 2015 Academic Editor: Rui Zhang Copyright © 2015 Lifeng Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative

Effect of Contact Time and Gas Component on Interfacial Tension of CO2/Crude Oil System by Pendant Drop Method

Pendant drop method has been used to measure the equilibrium interfacial tension and dynamic interfacial tension of CO2/crude oil system under the simulated-formation condition, in which the temperature is 355.65 K and pressure ranges from 0 MPa to 30 MPa. The test results indicated that the equilibrium interfacial tension of CO2/crude oil systems decreased with the increase of...

Heel reconstruction with free instep flap: a case report

Introduction Reconstruction of weight-bearing heel defects remains a challenge because of the unique characteristics of the plantar skin. Though numerous surgical reconstructive options have been reported, the instep flap represents an ideal option and seems to be more acceptable to patients than others. However, when the heel defect expands to the instep area, the ipsilateral...

High-performance HfO x /AlO y -based resistive switching memory cross-point array fabricated by atomic layer deposition

Resistive switching memory cross-point arrays with TiN/HfO x /AlO y /Pt structure were fabricated. The bi-layered resistive switching films of 5-nm HfO x and 3-nm AlO y were deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD). Excellent device performances such as low switching voltage, large resistance ratio, good cycle-to-cycle and device-to-device uniformity, and high yield were...

Extended Anterolateral Thigh Flaps for Reconstruction of Extensive Defects of the Foot and Ankle

The anterolateral thigh flap has been used for coverage of defects in the foot and ankle for years. Conventional extended anterolateral thigh flaps do not undergo thinning procedures, which limit their application. Here, a clinical series of 24 patients is reported in which extended anterolateral thigh flaps were used for posttraumatic foot and ankle reconstruction. Of the 24...

Quasi-radial growth of metal tube on si nanowires template

It is reported in this article that Si nanowires can be employed as a positive template for the controllable electrochemical deposition of noble metal tube. The deposited tube exhibits good crystallinity. Scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope characterizations are conducted to reveal the growth process of metal tube, showing that the metal tube grows...

Serum Omentin-1 as a Disease Activity Marker for Crohn’s Disease

Background and Aim. It remains challenging to determine the inflammatory activity in Crohn’s disease (CD) for lack of specific laboratory markers. Recent studies suggest that serum omentin-1 is associated with inflammatory response. We aimed to assess the potential of serum omentin-1 as a marker of disease activity in CD patients. Methods. Serum omentin-1 concentrations were...

Serum Omentin-1 as a Disease Activity Marker for Crohn’s Disease

Background and Aim. It remains challenging to determine the inflammatory activity in Crohn’s disease (CD) for lack of specific laboratory markers. Recent studies suggest that serum omentin-1 is associated with inflammatory response. We aimed to assess the potential of serum omentin-1 as a marker of disease activity in CD patients. Methods. Serum omentin-1 concentrations were...

Assessment of Heavy Metal Contamination in the Surrounding Soils and Surface Sediments in Xiawangang River, Qingshuitang District

Xiawanggang River region is considered to be one of the most polluted areas in China due to its huge amount discharge of pollutants and accumulation for years. As it is one branch of Xiang River and the area downstream is Changsha city, the capital of Hunan Province, the ecological niche of Xiawangang River is very important. The pollution treatment in this area was emphasized in...

A Genetic Variant rs1801274 in FCGR2A as a Potential Risk Marker for Kawasaki Disease: A Case-Control Study and Meta-Analysis

Objectives Recent genome-wide association study found rs1801274, a functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in IgG receptor gene FCGR2A, was associated with increased risk of Kawasaki disease (KD). However, subsequent studies on the role of this SNP were limited and controversial. Methods A case-control study was conducted in a Chinese Han population including 428 KD...