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Advances in Methods and Novel Applications for Measuring Family Spillover Effects of Illness

. Conflict of interest Lisa A. Prosser and Eve Wittenberg have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this editorial. References 1. Brouwer WBF, van Exel NJA, van de Berg B

Spillover Effects on Caregivers’ and Family Members’ Utility: A Systematic Review of the Literature

BackgroundA growing body of research has identified health-related quality-of-life effects for caregivers and family members of ill patients (i.e. ‘spillover effects’), yet these are rarely considered in cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs).ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to catalog spillover-related health utilities to facilitate their consideration in CEAs.MethodsWe...

Parent Preferences for Health Outcomes Associated with Autism Spectrum Disorders

BackgroundFew studies have used preference-based quality-of-life outcomes to assess how autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) affect children and parents, and none have examined variation by ASD severity.ObjectiveOur objective was to derive parent valuations of child and parent health associated with varying ASD severity levels.MethodsParents of children aged 3–17 years with and...

Parent and caregiver perceptions about the safety and effectiveness of foreign and domestic vaccines in Shanghai, China

. Funding acquisition: Abram L. Wagner. Investigation: Zhuoying Huang. Methodology: Lisa A. Prosser, Brian J. Zikmund-Fisher. Project administration: Zhuoying Huang, Xiaodong Sun, Jia Ren. Resources ... . Boulton, Lisa A. Prosser, Brian J. Zikmund-Fisher. 8 / 9 1. Zheng H , Liu L , Guo X , Xu N , Zhu S , Li H , et al. Mumps seroepidemiologic studies in health population in Guangdong province in 2010

Hitting the Optimal Vaccination Percentage and the Risks of Error: Why to Miss Right

Objective To determine the optimal level of vaccination coverage defined as the level that minimizes total costs and explore how economic results change with marginal changes to this level of coverage. Methods A susceptible-infected-recovered-vaccinated model designed to represent theoretical infectious diseases was created to simulate disease spread. Parameter inputs were...

The cost of a primary care-based childhood obesity prevention intervention

Background United States pediatric guidelines recommend that childhood obesity counseling be conducted in the primary care setting. Primary care-based interventions can be effective in improving health behaviors, but also costly. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost of a primary care-based obesity prevention intervention targeting children between the ages of two...

Use of outcomes to evaluate surveillance systems for bioterrorist attacks

Syndromic surveillance systems can potentially be used to detect a bioterrorist attack earlier than traditional surveillance, by virtue of their near real-time analysis of relevant data. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis using the area under the curve (AUC) as a comparison metric has been recommended as a practical evaluation tool for syndromic surveillance...

Community-Based Values for 2009 Pandemic Influenza A H1N1 Illnesses and Vaccination-Related Adverse Events

. Prosser 0 Vittoria Colizza, INSERM and Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, France 0 1 Ph.D. Program in Health Policy, Harvard University , Cambridge, Massachusetts , United States of America, 2 The Center for

Measuring health-related quality of life for child maltreatment: a systematic literature review

Background Child maltreatment causes substantial morbidity and mortality in the U.S. Morbidity associated with child maltreatment can reduce health-related quality of life. Accurately measuring the reduction in quality of life associated with child maltreatment is essential to the economic evaluation of educational programs and interventions to reduce the incidence of child...

Health state preferences associated with weight status in children and adolescents

Background Childhood obesity is a substantial public health problem. The extent to which health state preferences (utilities) are related to a child's weight status has not been reported. The aims of this study were (1) to use a generic health state classification system to measure health related quality of life and calculate health utilities in a convenience sample of children...

Health state preferences associated with weight status in children and adolescents

Childhood obesity is a substantial public health problem. The extent to which health state preferences (utilities) are related to a child's weight status has not been reported. The aims of this study were (1) to use a generic health state classification system to measure health related quality of life and calculate health utilities in a convenience sample of children and...

Impact of false-positive newborn metabolic screening results on early health care utilization

. Prosser 5 0 Center for Child and Adolescent Health Policy, MassGeneral Hospital for Children 1 Harvard Medical School 2 Metabolism Program, Children's Hospital Boston , Boston, Massachusetts , USA 3

Economic and other barriers to adopting recommendations to prevent childhood obesity: results of a focus group study with parents

Background Parents are integral to the implementation of obesity prevention and management recommendations for children. Exploration of barriers to and facilitators of parental decisions to adopt obesity prevention recommendations will inform future efforts to reduce childhood obesity. Methods We conducted 4 focus groups (2 English, 2 Spanish) among a total of 19 parents of...

Economic and other barriers to adopting recommendations to prevent childhood obesity: results of a focus group study with parents

Parents are integral to the implementation of obesity prevention and management recommendations for children. Exploration of barriers to and facilitators of parental decisions to adopt obesity prevention recommendations will inform future efforts to reduce childhood obesity. We conducted 4 focus groups (2 English, 2 Spanish) among a total of 19 parents of overweight (BMI ≥ 85th...

Cost-Effectiveness of 2009 Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Vaccination in the United States

Background Pandemic influenza A(H1N1) (pH1N1) was first identified in North America in April 2009. Vaccination against pH1N1 commenced in the U.S. in October 2009 and continued through January 2010. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of pH1N1 vaccination. Methodology A computer simulation model was developed to predict costs and health outcomes for...

Values for preventing influenza-related morbidity and vaccine adverse events in children

Background Influenza vaccination recently has been recommended for children 6–23 months old, but is not currently recommended for routine use in non-high-risk older children. Information on disease impact, costs, benefits, risks, and community preferences could help guide decisions about which age and risk groups should be vaccinated and strategies for improving coverage. The...