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34 papers found.
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Hepatocyte Paraffin 1 Antigen as a Biomarker for Early Diagnosis of Barrett Esophagus

We evaluated hepatocyte paraffin 1 (HepPar1) antigen expression, a sensitive marker of small intestinal differentiation, in combination with morphologic features to demonstrate intestinal differentiation in cases equivocal for Barrett esophagus (BE). Clinicopathologic features and HepPar1 expression were recorded for 54 BE cases, 45 consistent with reflux esophagitis (RE) cases...

Loss of Carbamoyl Phosphate Synthetase I in Small-Intestinal Adenocarcinoma

Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase I (CPS1), normally found in hepatocytes and small-intestine (SI) enterocytes, is the antigen of Hep Par 1 antibody. Expression of CPS1 in invasive SI adenocarcinoma seems to be lost. We retrospectively collected 36 total specimens, which included 31 SI adenomas and 21 adenocarcinomas. We used 34 cases of duodenitis as a control group...

Inflammation, Autoimmunity, and Hypertension: The Essential Role of Tissue Transglutaminase

Inflammatory cytokines cause hypertension when introduced into animals. Additional evidence indicates that cytokines induce the production of autoantibodies that activate the AT1 angiotensin receptor (AT1R). Extensive evidence shows that these autoantibodies, termed AT1-AA, contribute to hypertension. We review here recent studies showing that cytokine-induced hypertension and...

Genetic associations with sporadic neuroendocrine tumor risk

Genetic risk factors for sporadic neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are poorly understood. We tested risk associations in patients with sporadic NET and non-cancer controls, using a custom array containing 1536 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 355 candidate genes. We identified 18 SNPs associated with NET risk at a P -value <0.01 in a discovery set of 261 cases and 319...

A Large-scale genetic association study of esophageal adenocarcinoma risk

The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) has been increasing rapidly, particularly among white males, over the past few decades in the USA. However, the etiology of EA and the striking male predominance is not fully explained by known risk factors. To identify susceptible genes for EA risk, we conducted a pathway-based candidate gene association study on 335 Caucasian EA...

Sofosbuvir-based Interferon-Free Direct Acting Antiviral Regimens for Heart Transplant Recipients With Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection

We assessed the effectiveness and safety of sofosbuvir (SOF) combined with ledipasvir (LDV) or daclatasvir (DCV) in 12 heart transplant recipients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV). The sustained virologic response (SVR12) rate was 100% [95% confidence interval [CI]: 75.8%–100%]. All patients tolerated treatment well without interruption, death, or serious adverse events.

Pegylated Interferon Alfa-2a Monotherapy for Hemodialysis Patients with Acute Hepatitis C

Background. Hemodialysis patients are at risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, little is known about the efficacy and safety of pegylated interferon (IFN) therapy for hemodialysis patients with acute hepatitis C.

Pegylated Interferon-α-2a plus Ribavirin for Treatment-Naive Asian Patients with Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 1 Infection: A Multicenter, Randomized Controlled Trial

Background. Comparable sustained virologic response (SVR) rates have been documented between Asian patients who received 24 weeks of pegylated interferon (IFN) plus ribavirin and white patients who received 48 weeks of combination therapy for hepatitis C virus genotype 1 (HCV-1) infection. Whether a 48-week course of combination therapy shows a better SVR rate than a 24-week...

Active Fault-Tolerant Control for Wind Turbine with Simultaneous Actuator and Sensor Faults

The purpose of this paper is to show a novel fault-tolerant tracking control (FTC) strategy with robust fault estimation and compensating for simultaneous actuator sensor faults. Based on the framework of fault-tolerant control, developing an FTC design method for wind turbines is a challenge and, thus, they can tolerate simultaneous pitch actuator and pitch sensor faults having...

Active Fault-Tolerant Control for Wind Turbine with Simultaneous Actuator and Sensor Faults

The purpose of this paper is to show a novel fault-tolerant tracking control (FTC) strategy with robust fault estimation and compensating for simultaneous actuator sensor faults. Based on the framework of fault-tolerant control, developing an FTC design method for wind turbines is a challenge and, thus, they can tolerate simultaneous pitch actuator and pitch sensor faults having...

Comparison of Electroacupuncture and Moxibustion for Relieving Visceral Hypersensitivity in Rats with Constipation-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Aim. To compare whether there is different effect between electroacupuncture (EA) and moxibustion (Mox) on visceral hypersensitivity (their analgesic effects) in constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (C-IBS). Methods. EA at 1 mA and 3 mA and Mox at 43°C and 46°C were applied to the Shangjuxu (ST37, bilateral) acupoint in rats with C-IBS and normal rats. An abdominal...

Inhibition of Neovascularization to Simultaneously Ameliorate Graft-vs-Host Disease and Decrease Tumor Growth

Blood vessels are formed either by sprouting of resident tissue endothelial cells (angiogenesis) or by recruitment of bone marrow (BM)–derived circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs, vasculogenesis). Neovascularization has been implicated in tumor growth and inflammation, but its roles in graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) and in tumors after allogeneic BM transplantation (allo...

Distribution of Microbes and Drug Susceptibility in Patients with Diabetic Foot Infections in Southwest China

Objective. To investigate the microbial distribution and drug susceptibility among diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) with different Wagner grades and between acute and chronic DFUs. Methods. We enrolled 428 DFU patients who were hospitalized and treated in the Southwest Hospital. We collected deep ulcer secretion for microbial culture and drug susceptibility tests and analyzed the...

Assessment of Diabetic Cardiomyopathy by Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance T1 Mapping: Correlation with Left-Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction and Diabetic Duration

Purpose. To quantify extracellular matrix expansion with the cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) T1 mapping technique and the derived extracellular volume fraction (ECV) in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DbCM) patients and to detect the relationship among ECV, duration of diabetes, and diastolic function. Materials. Thirty-eight patients with diabetic cardiomyopathy (20 males, age...

Assessment of Diabetic Cardiomyopathy by Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance T1 Mapping: Correlation with Left-Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction and Diabetic Duration

 Weilling Leng,2 Liu Chen,2 Xiaotian Lei,2 Tianjing Zhang,3 Andreas Greiser,4 Ziwen Liang,2 and Jian Wang1 1Department of Radiology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China