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Adsorptive removal of C.I. Direct Yellow 142 from textile baths using nanosized silica-titanium oxide

Abstract.The adsorption properties of the silica-titanium mixed oxide consisting of 80 wt.% SiO2 and 20 wt.% TiO2 (ST20) in relation to C.I. Direct Yellow 142 (DY142) were examined. The experimental adsorption capacity of ST20 for DY142 determined at room temperature equals 104.8 mg/g. The equilibrium data were fitted by means of the Freundlich, Langmuir and Tempkin isotherm...

Adsorption mechanism of poly(vinyl alcohol) on the surfaces of synthetic zeolites: sodalite, Na-P1 and Na-A

The structure of poly(vinyl alcohol)—PVA layers adsorbed on the synthetic zeolites surfaces was determined. Three zeolites: sodalite, Na-P1 and Na-A were obtained using hydrothermal conversion of fly ash with aqueous sodium hydroxide. The effects of solution pH and zeolite type on the adsorption mechanism of the polymer were examined. The analysis of the results obtained by means...

Influence of nonionic surfactants and water activity on to adsorption of 6-thioguanine at the mercury/chlorates(VII) interface

The mixed adsorption layers of 6-thioguanine-TritonX-100 and 6-thioguanine-Tween 80 formed at the electrode/chlorate(VII) interface are discussed. The systems were characterized by measurements of differential capacity, zero charge potential, and surface tension at this potential. It was found that 6-thioguanine dominates in the formation of adsorption equilibria of the studied...

Comparison of adsorption affinity of anionic and cationic polyacrylamides for montmorillonite surface in the presence of chromium(VI) ions

Erosion, which is considered to be global problem, is the process of soil environment degradation due to the impact of wind (soil blowing, deflation) and water (soil washing, deep erosion). This leads to destruction of its structure, nutrients removal and finally bedrock exposition and desertification. One of the ways to prevent this phenomenon is the soil conditioners usage...

Nanosized silica–titanium oxide as a potential adsorbent for C.I. Acid Yellow 219 dye removal from textile baths and wastewaters

The mixed SiO2–TiO2 oxide obtained by the pyrogenic method with the silica:titanium percentage ratio equal to 80:20 (ST20) was used as a potential adsorbent for the removal of hazardous azo dye C.I. Acid Yellow 219 (AY219) from aqueous solutions. Based on the values of determination coefficients (r2), it can be stated that the Freundlich (r2 = 0.929) model fitted the experimental...

Impact of adsorption of poly(aspartic acid) and its copolymers with polyethylene glycol on thermal characteristic of Cr2O3

The polymer structure impact on the adsorption layer conformation formed on the chromium (III) oxide surface was investigated. As adsorbates, three macromolecular compounds were tested: poly(l-aspartic acid) homopolymer and two block copolymers containing the poly(amino acid) segments as well as the poly(ethylene glycol) ones in the chain structure. Due to the ionic nature of the...

Impact of anionic polyacrylamide on stability and surface properties of the Al2O3–polymer solution system at different temperatures

The stability mechanism and thermal properties of the system alumina–anionic polyacrylamide (PAM) was studied. The polymer’s adsorption properties in dependence on the following parameters solution pH (in the range 3–9), temperature (in the range 15–35 °C), and carboxyl groups’ content in the PAM chains (in the range 5–30 %) were examined. The turbidimetry method was applied for...

Application of the zeta potential measurements to explanation of colloidal Cr2O3 stability mechanism in the presence of the ionic polyamino acids

In the presented paper, the influence of the molecular weight and the type of polyamino acid functional groups on the electrokinetic properties and the stability of chromium (III) oxide suspension were examined. Analysis of the data obtained from the adsorption, potentiometric titration, zeta potential, and stability measurements allows to propose stabilization or destabilization...

Association of TLR3 L412F Polymorphism with Cytomegalovirus Infection in Children

Intracellular Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) recognizes viral double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) and activates antiviral immune responses through the production of type I interferons (IFNs) and inflammatory cytokines. This receptor binds to dsRNA molecules produced during human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication. TLR7 senses viral single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) in endosomes, and it can...

Sinorhizobium meliloti 1021 Exopolysaccharide as a Flocculant Improving Chromium(III) Oxide Removal from Aqueous Solutions

Chromium(III) oxide is an amphoteric, dark green solid. This most stable dye is widely used in construction and ceramic industries as well as in painting. In this study, the attempt is made to determine flocculating properties of exopolysaccharide (EPS) synthesized by the bacteria Sinorhizobium meliloti 1021, which would increase the efficiency of chromium(III) oxide removal from...

Adsorption and thermal properties of the bovine serum albumin–silicon dioxide system

The adsorption, electrokinetic, thermal and stability properties of the silicon dioxide (silica, SiO2)/bovine serum albumin (BSA) system were determined. All measurements were carried out as a function of solution pH value. The highest amount of BSA absorbed on the silica surface was observed at pH 4.6 [the value close to the BSA isoelectric point (pI)], which is primarily...

Removal possibilities of colloidal chromium (III) oxide from water using polyacrylic acid

The lack of water is the most serious threat to humanity that leads to more efficient water and sewage treatment. Currently, many scientists are looking for new coagulants, flocculants and physicochemical methods allowing for sufficient removal of pollutants from water. The presence of various types of pigments, including chromium (III) oxide, poses the major problem. Even small...

TLR9 -1486T/C and 2848C/T SNPs Are Associated with Human Cytomegalovirus Infection in Infants

Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) recognizes non-methylated viral CpG-containing DNA and serves as a pattern recognition receptor that signals the presence of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). Here, we present the genotype distribution of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the TLR9 gene in infants and the relationship between TLR9 polymorphisms and HCMV infection. Four polymorphisms...

The Influence of Protonation on the Electroreduction of Bi (III) Ions in Chlorates (VII) Solutions of Different Water Activity

We examined the electroreduction of Bi (III) ions in chlorate (VII) solutions under varied protonation conditions of the depolariser using voltammetric and impedance methods. The results of the kinetic parameter correlation lead to the statement that the changes in the amount of chloric (VII) acid against the amount of its sodium salt in the supporting electrolytes of the low...

The temperature effect on electrokinetic properties of the silica–polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) system

The influence of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) adsorption on the structure of the diffuse layer of silica (SiO2) in the temperature range 15–35 °C was examined. The microelectrophoresis method was used in the experiments to determine the zeta potential of the solid particles in the absence and presence of the polymer. The adsorption of PVA macromolecules causes the zeta potential...

Investigation of the polyvinyl alcohol stabilization mechanism and adsorption properties on the surface of ternary mixed nanooxide AST 50 (Al2O3–SiO2–TiO2)

A new adsorbent consisting of fumed, mixed alumina, silica, and titania in various proportions (AST 50) was investigated. The studied material was prepared by chemical vapor deposition method. The diameter of AST 50 primary particles was equal to about 51 nm which denotes that it can be classified as a nanomaterial. In the presented paper, the adsorption properties of polyvinyl...

Comparison of adsorption affinity of polyacrylic acid for surfaces of mixed silica–alumina

The influence of solution pH (in the range 3–9) on the adsorption of polyacrylic acid (PAA) on the mixed silica–alumina surface (SA-3: SiO2 97 %–Al2O3 3 % and SA-96: SiO2 4 %–Al2O3 96 %) was investigated. The following methods were applied in experiments: spectrophotometry, viscosimetry, potentiometric titration, and microelectrophoresis, which enable determination of adsorbed...

Investigation of the alumina properties with adsorbed polyvinyl alcohol

The influence of solution pH on the structure of polyvinyl alcohol adsorption layer on the alumina surface was investigated. The spectrophotometry, viscosimetry, thermogravimetry, potentiometric titration and microelectrophoresis were applied in experiments. These methods enable determination of the following parameters: adsorbed amount of PVA, stability of suspension without and...