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How should health service organizations respond to diversity? A content analysis of six approaches

Background Health care organizations need to be responsive to the needs of increasingly diverse patient populations. We compared the contents of six publicly available approaches to organizational responsiveness to diversity. The central questions addressed in this paper are: what are the most consistently recommended issues for health care organizations to address in order to be...

Effect of socioeconomic status on psychosocial problems in 5- to 6-year-old preterm- and term-born children: the ABCD study

This study aimed at analysing the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and psychosocial problems in preterm- and term-born children. Scores of mothers and teachers on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) regarding 217 preterm-born children (<37 weeks’ gestation, mean 34 weeks) were compared with 4336 term-born children in the Amsterdam Born Children and...

Adherence to colorectal cancer screening: four rounds of faecal immunochemical test-based screening

Background:The effectiveness of faecal immunochemical test (FIT)-based screening programs is highly dependent on consistent participation over multiple rounds. We evaluated adherence to FIT screening over four rounds and aimed to identify determinants of participation behaviour.Methods:A total of 23 339 randomly selected asymptomatic persons aged 50–74 years were invited for...

A short assessment of health literacy (SAHL) in the Netherlands

Background An earlier attempt to adapt the REALM (Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine) word recognition test to Dutch was not entirely successful due to ceiling effects. In contrast to REALM, the Short Assessment of Health Literacy (SAHL) assesses both word recognition and comprehension in the health domain. The aim of this study was to design, test and validate a SAHL...

A students’ survey of cultural competence as a basis for identifying gaps in the medical curriculum

Karien Stronks 0 Marie-Louise Essink-Bot 0 0 Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam , P.O. Box 22660, 1100 DE Amsterdam , The Netherlands 1 Netherlands School of

Course of post-traumatic stress disorder and health care utilisation among resettled refugees in the Netherlands

Background Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a major health problem among refugees worldwide. After resettlement, the prevalence of PTSD remains high despite the fact that various PTSD treatments are known to be effective. Methods We examined the course of PTSD and the role of mental health care utilisation at a 7-year interval (2003–2010) among a cohort of refugees from...

Quality of primary care for resettled refugees in the Netherlands with chronic mental and physical health problems: a cross-sectional analysis of medical records and interview data

Marije A van Melle 0 Majda Lamkaddem 0 Martijn M Stuiver Annette AM Gerritsen Walter LJM Devill Marie-Louise Essink-Bot 0 0 Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Center, University of

Design of a prospective cohort study to assess ethnic inequalities in patient safety in hospital care using mixed methods

Background While US studies show a higher risk of adverse events (AEs) for ethnic minorities in hospital care, in Europe ethnic inequalities in patient safety have never been analysed. Based on existing literature and exploratory research, our research group developed a conceptual model and empirical study to increase our understanding of the role ethnicity plays in patient...

Negative health care experiences of immigrant patients: a qualitative study

Background Negative events are abusive, potentially dangerous or life-threatening health care events, as perceived by the patient. Patients' perceptions of negative events are regarded as a potentially important source of information about the quality of health care. We explored negative events in hospital care as perceived by immigrant patients. Methods Semi-structured...

The effects of screening on health behaviour: a summary of the results of randomized controlled trials

McCaffery, Assistant Professor, Public Health Marie-Louise Essink-Bot , Assistant Professor, Public Health Karien Stronks , Professor, Public Health Patrick M.M. Bossuyt , Professor , Clinical Epidemiology 3

Effectiveness of a web-based health risk assessment with individually-tailored feedback on lifestyle behaviour: study protocol

Background Physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary habits, smoking and high alcohol consumption are recognized risk factors for cardiovascular disease and cancer. Web-based health risk assessments with tailored feedback seem promising in promoting a healthy lifestyle. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a web-based health risk assessment with individually-tailored feedback...

Response shift due to diagnosis and primary treatment of localized prostate cancer: a then-test and a vignette study

Ida J. Korfage 0 Harry J. de Koning 0 Marie-Louise Essink-Bot 0 0 I. J. Korfage (&) H. J. de Koning M.-L. Essink-Bot Public Health , Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam , P.O. Box 2040

Prostate cancer-specific anxiety in Dutch patients on active surveillance: validation of the memorial anxiety scale for prostate cancer

Purpose Men with prostate cancer (PC) may show specific disease-related anxiety. We evaluated the psychometric properties of the Dutch adaptation of the Memorial Anxiety Scale for Prostate Cancer (MAX-PC). Methods The MAX-PC was translated using standardized forward–backward procedures. Patients (N = 150) on active surveillance, a strategy of initially withholding active therapy...

Reliability and validity of the Infant and Toddler Quality of Life Questionnaire (ITQOL) in a general population and respiratory disease sample

Objective To evaluate feasibility, internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and concurrent and discriminative validity of the Infant and Toddler Quality of Life Questionnaire (ITQOL) for parents of pre-school children with 12 scales (103-items) covering physical and psychosocial domains and impact of child health on parents, in comparison with the TNO-AZL Pre-school...

Individual differences in the use of the response scale determine valuations of hypothetical health states: an empirical study

Background The effects of socio-demographic characteristics of the respondent, including age, on valuation scores of hypothetical health states remain inconclusive. Therefore, we analyzed data from a study designed to discriminate between the effects of respondents' age and time preference on valuations of health states to gain insight in the contribution of individual response...

Different perceptions of the burden of upper GI endoscopy: an empirical study in three patient groups

BackgroundFew studies have evaluated patients’ perceived burden of cancer surveillance tests. Cancer screening and surveillance, however, require a large number of patients to undergo potentially burdensome tests with only some experiencing health gains from it. We investigated the determinants of patients’ reported burden of upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy by comparing...

Study protocol: population screening for colorectal cancer by colonoscopy or CT colonography: a randomized controlled trial

Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most prevalent type of cancer in Europe. Early detection and removal of CRC or its precursor lesions by population screening can reduce mortality. Colonoscopy and computed tomography colonography (CT colonography) are highly accurate exams and screening options that examine the entire colon. The success of screening depends on the...

Short-Term Effects of Population-Based Screening for Prostate Cancer on Health-Related Quality of Life

Background. Population-based screening for prostate cancer is currently being evaluated in randomized clinical trials in the United States and in Europe. Side effects arising from the process of screening and from the earlier treatment of screen-detected prostate cancer may be important factors in the evaluation. To examine health-related quality of life (or health status) among...

Well being of obstetric patients on minimal blood transfusions (WOMB trial)

-Bot 19 Nina CJ Peters 0 Carin A Uyl-de Groot 18 Dimitri NM Papatsonis 17 Bettina MC Akerboom 16 Godfried CH Metz 21 Henk A Bremer 20 Aren J van Loon 15 Rob H Stigter 9 Joris AM van der Post 10 Marcel