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Fitness and food environments around junior high schools in Taiwan and their association with body composition: Gender differences for recreational, reading, food and beverage exposures

Chiang, Lin-Yuan Huang, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Mark L. Wahlqvist. Data curation: Lin-Yuan Huang. Formal analysis: Lin-Yuan Huang. Methodology: Lin-Yuan Huang, Hui-Chen Tsou, Mark L. Wahlqvist. Project ... administration: Mark L. Wahlqvist. Supervision: Po-Huang Chiang, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Mark L. Wahlqvist. Validation: Po-Huang Chiang, Lin-Yuan Huang, Mark L. Wahlqvist. Visualization: Hui-Chen Tsou. Writing

The efficacy and safety of once-daily quetiapine extended release in patients with schizophrenia switched from other antipsychotics: an open-label study in Chinese population

Pei-Yin Pan 0 Meei-Shyuan Lee Chin-Bin Yeh 0 0 Department of Psychiatry, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center , No.325, Sec.2,Chenggong Rd., Neihu Dist., Taipei City 114

Prevalence of restless legs syndrome in migraine patients with and without aura: a cross-sectional, case-controlled study

Background Although the comorbidity of migraine and restless legs syndrome (RLS) has been well-documented, the association between RLS and migraine frequency has yet to be elucidated. The present study aims to evaluate the prevalence of RLS among individuals who experience low-frequency, high-frequency, or chronic migraine presenting with and without aura. Methods We conducted a...

Comparison of Anesthesia-Controlled Operating Room Time between Propofol-Based Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Desflurane Anesthesia in Open Colorectal Surgery: A Retrospective Study

We conducted a retrospective study to investigate the anesthesia-controlled time and factors that contribute to prolonged extubation in open colorectal surgery. Using our hospital database, demographic data, various time intervals (waiting for anesthesia time, anesthesia time, surgical time, emergence time, exit from operating room after extubation, total operating room time, and...

Olanzapine is superior to lamotrigine in the prevention of bipolar depression: a naturalistic observational study

Background Bipolar disorder is a highly recurrent disease and has great impact on the function of patients. Depressive symptoms consist of more than 50% of life time during the illness and may lead to self harm or suicidal behaviors. Little is known about the antidepressant effects of olanzapine, an atypical antipsychotic, as monotherapy despite its indication for preventing...

Confounding Factors to Predict the Awakening Effect-Site Concentration of Propofol in Target-Controlled Infusion Based on Propofol and Fentanyl Anesthesia

We conducted a large retrospective study to investigate the confounding factors that predict Ce ROC under propofol-based TIVA with TCI. We recorded sex, age, height, weight, Ce LOC, Ce ROC, total propofol and fentanyl consumption dose, and anesthetic time. Simple linear regression models were used to identify potential predictors of Ce ROC, and multiple linear regression models...

Spending on vegetable and fruit consumption could reduce all-cause mortality among older adults

Background Few studies have evaluated the linkage between food cost and mortality among older adults. This study considers the hypothesis that greater food expenditure in general, and particularly on more nutritious plant and animal-derived foods, decreases mortality in older adults. Methods This study uses the 1999–2000 Elderly Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan and follows...

Increased risk of affective disorders in type 2 diabetes is minimized by sulfonylurea and metformin combination: a population-based cohort study

Background To confirm whether type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is an affective disorder (AD) precursor, and to establish possible effects of oral anti-hyperglycemic agents (OAAs). Methods A representative cohort of 800,000 subjects was obtained from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance database on 1 January 2000. Those with consistent data (n = 762,753) were followed up between 1...

A Taiwanese food frequency questionnaire correlates with plasma docosahexaenoic acid but not with plasma eicosapentaenoic acid levels: questionnaires and plasma biomarkers

Background Little evidence is available for the validity of dietary fish and polyunsaturated fatty acid intake derived from interviewer-administered questionnaires and plasma docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) concentration. Methods We estimated the correlation of DHA and EPA intake from both questionnaires and biochemical measurements. Ethnic Chinese...

Modified mallampati classification as a clinical predictor of peroral esophagogastroduodenoscopy tolerance

Background Unsedated esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is simpler and safer than sedated EGD; however, approximately 40% of patients cannot tolerate it. Early identification of patients likely to poorly tolerate unsedated EGD is valuable for improving compliance. The modified Mallampati classification (MMC) has been used to evaluate difficult tracheal intubation and laryngoscope...

Type 2 diabetes increases and metformin reduces total, colorectal, liver and pancreatic cancer incidences in Taiwanese: a representative population prospective cohort study of 800,000 individuals

Background Metformin protection against cancer risk in Orientals is uncertain. We examined the possible metformin effect on total, esophageal, gastric, colorectal (CRC), hepatocellular (HCC) and pancreatic cancers in a Taiwanese cohort. Methods A representative sample of 800,000 was drawn from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance data of 2000. A cohort of 480,984 participants...

Genetic polymorphisms of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene, plasma folate levels and breast cancer susceptibility: a case–control study in Taiwan

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) balances the pool of folate coenzymes in one-carbon metabolism for DNA synthesis and methylation, both are implicated in carcinogenesis. Two common variants in the MTHFR gene (C677T and A1298C) have been associated with reduced enzyme activity, thereby making MTHFR polymorphisms a potential candidate cancer-predisposing factor. To...

Preincisional dextromethorphan decreases postoperative pain and opioid requirement after modified radical mastectomy

Chih-Shung Wong Ching-Tang Wu Jyh-Cherng Yu t Chun-Chang Yeh May Meei-Shyuan Lee MVh Pao-Luh Tao ~ Methods: Sixty patients (ASA I-II) scheduled for MRM were included and randomly allocated into two