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The MicroRNA Expression Signature of Bladder Cancer by Deep Sequencing: The Functional Significance of the miR-195/497 Cluster

Current genome-wide microRNA (miRNA) expression signature analysis using deep sequencing technologies can drive the discovery of novel cancer pathways regulated by oncogenic and/or tumor suppressive miRNAs. We determined the genome-wide miRNA expression signature in bladder cancer (BC) by deep sequencing technology. A total of ten small RNA libraries were sequenced (five BCs and...

Efficient Subtractive Cloning of Genes Activated by Lipopolysaccharide and Interferon γ in Primary-Cultured Cortical Cells of Newborn Mice

Innate immune responses play a central role in neuroprotection and neurotoxicity during inflammatory processes that are triggered by pathogen-associated molecular pattern-exhibiting agents such as bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and that are modulated by inflammatory cytokines such as interferon γ (IFNγ). Recent findings describing the unexpected complexity of mammalian...

Genistein Inhibits Prostate Cancer Cell Growth by Targeting miR-34a and Oncogenic HOTAIR

Objective Genistein is a soy isoflavone that has antitumor activity both in vitro and in vivo. It has been shown that genistein inhibits many type of cancers including prostate cancer (PCa) by regulating several cell signaling pathways and microRNAs (miRNAs). Recent studies suggest that the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are also involved in many cellular processes. At present...

Genistein Up-Regulates Tumor Suppressor MicroRNA-574-3p in Prostate Cancer

Genistein has been shown to inhibit cancers both in vitro and in vivo, by altering the expression of several microRNAs (miRNAs). In this study, we focused on tumor suppressor miRNAs regulated by genistein and investigated their function in prostate cancer (PCa) and target pathways. Using miRNA microarray analysis and real-time RT-PCR we observed that miR-574-3p was significantly...

FOXA1 Promotes Tumor Progression in Prostate Cancer via the Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 Pathway

Fork-head box protein A1 (FOXA1) is a “pioneer factor” that is known to bind to the androgen receptor (AR) and regulate the transcription of AR-specific genes. However, the precise role of FOXA1 in prostate cancer (PC) remains unknown. In this study, we report that FOXA1 plays a critical role in PC cell proliferation. The expression of FOXA1 was higher in PC than in normal...

Cloning, expression analysis, and chromosomal localization of a novel butyrophilin-like receptor

We isolated a cDNA clone which shows a similarity with human butyrophilin from a human colon mucosa cDNA library. The cDNA is 1964 bases long, with one open reading frame encoding a protein of 433 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence shows an overall homology of 36.5% with the human butyrophilin protein. This gene is mainly expressed in small intestine, colon, testis, and...

Cloning, tissue expression, and chromosomal assignment of human MRJ gene for a member of the DNAJ protein family

The DnaJ protein family consists of proteins with a highly conserved amino acid stretch called the “J - domain”. A cDNA clone encoding a new protein with a J-domain was isolated from a human fetal brain cDNA library. This new member of the DnaJ family of 241 amino acid residues showed 94% identity with mouse Mrj (accession number, AF035962) and 71% identity with mouse Msj-1...

Isolation and chromosomal assignment of a human gene encoding protein inhibitor of activated STAT3 (PIAS3)

Mouse PIAS3 (protein inhibitor of activated STAT3) is a specific inhibitor of STAT3 that downregulates its signaling pathway. Here we report the isolation and chromosome mapping of the human PIAS3 gene. Human PIAS3 cDNA encoded a predicted protein of 619 aa which has 83% overall amino acid identity to the mouse counterpart. Based on polymerase chain reaction assisted analysis of...

Rapid preparation of diagnostic probes for the fragile X syndrome by direct PCR amplification of human chromosomal DNA

The fragile X syndrome is a common familial form of mental retardation and is associated with a rare fragile site at Xq27.3 (FRAXA). This disorder has recently been reported to correlate with length variations of restriction genomic DNA fragments which may due to the amplification of (CCG)n trinucleotide repeats located at the FRAXA locus. We described here a rapid preparation...

A novel human gene whose product shares significant homology with the bovine brain-specific protein p25 on chromosome 5p15.3

Here, we report on the sequence features and chromosomal location of a novel human gene which shares significant homology with the bovine brain-specific protein p25. Based on polymerase chain reaction analysis with a human/rodent monochromosomal hybrid cell panel and a radiation hybrid panel, the gene was mapped on to p15.3 region of chromosome 5.

Identification and characterization of a 500-kb homozygously deleted region at 1p36.2-p36.3 in a neuroblastoma cell line

Eiichi Soeda in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Johji Inazawa in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Naohiko Seki in:Nature Research journals • PubMed