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The complete mitochondrial genome of Orancistrocerus aterrimus aterrimus and comparative analysis in the family Vespidae (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Eumeninae)

To date, only one mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) in the Eumeninae has been reported in the world and this is the first report in China. The mitogenome of O. a. aterrimus is 17 972 bp long, and contains 38 genes, including 13 protein coding genes (PCGs), 23 tRNA genes, two rRNA genes, a long non-coding region (NCR), and a control region (CR). The mitogenome has 79.43% A + T...

Phylogenetic study and taxonomic revision of the Xanthoparmelia mexicana group, including the description of a new species (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota)

Xanthoparmelia (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) is the most species-rich genus of lichen-forming fungi. Species boundaries are based on morphological and chemical features, varying reproductive strategies and, more recently, molecular sequence data. The isidiate Xanthoparmelia mexicana group is common in arid regions of North and Central America and includes a range of morphological...

Testing the impact of effective population size on speciation rates – a negative correlation or lack thereof in lichenized fungi

The effect of microevolutionary processes on macroevolutionary patterns, and vice versa, is an important but under-investigated question. Here we present an integrative population genetic and phylogenetic study using molecular sequence data from three lichen-forming fungal lineages to empirically test the potential correlation between effective population size – approximated by...

A nested case-control study of 277 prediagnostic serum cytokines and glioma

Recent research shows bidirectional communication between the normal brain and the peripheral immune system. Glioma is a primary brain tumor characterized by systemic immunosuppression. To better understand gliomagenesis, we evaluated associations between 277 prediagnostic serum cytokines and glioma. We used glioma (n = 487) and matched control (n = 487) specimens from the Janus...

Noble Metal Decoration and Presulfation on TiO2: Increased Photocatalytic Activity and Efficient Esterification of n-Butanol with Citric Acid

TiO2 has been widely used as a key catalyst in photocatalytic reactions; it also shows good catalytic activity for esterification reactions. Different sulfated M-TiO2 nanoparticles (M = Ag, Au, Rh, and Pt) were prepared by photodeposition and ultrasonic methods. The results show that the noble metal nanoparticles, which were loaded onto a TiO2 surface, slightly affected the...

Deciphering Asthma Biomarkers with Protein Profiling Technology

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways, resulting in bronchial hyperresponsiveness with every allergen exposure. It is now clear that asthma is not a single disease, but rather a multifaceted syndrome that results from a variety of biologic mechanisms. Asthma is further problematic given that the disease consists of many variants, each with its own etiologic and...

Deciphering Asthma Biomarkers with Protein Profiling Technology

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways, resulting in bronchial hyperresponsiveness with every allergen exposure. It is now clear that asthma is not a single disease, but rather a multifaceted syndrome that results from a variety of biologic mechanisms. Asthma is further problematic given that the disease consists of many variants, each with its own etiologic and...

Endogenous sulfur dioxide alleviates collagen remodeling via inhibiting TGF-β/Smad pathway in vascular smooth muscle cells

Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, P. R. ChinaYaqian Huang, Zhizhou Shen, Qinghua Chen, Pan Huang, Chunyu Zhang, Junbao Du & Hongfang JinDepartment of Endocrinology, Beijing Chao ... • Google ScholarSearch for Pan Huang in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Heng Zhang in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Shuxu Du in:Nature Research

Hydrogen Sulfide Inhibits High-Salt Diet-Induced Renal Oxidative Stress and Kidney Injury in Dahl Rats

 Bian Copyright © 2016 Pan Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any

Lineage-specific late pleistocene expansion of an endemic subtropical gossamer-wing damselfly, Euphaea formosa, in Taiwan

Background Pleistocene glacial oscillations have significantly affected the historical population dynamics of temperate taxa. However, the general effects of recent climatic changes on the evolutionary history and genetic structure of extant subtropical species remain poorly understood. In the present study, phylogeographic and historical demographic analyses based on...

Fuzzy Morphological Polynomial Image Representation

A novel signal representation using fuzzy mathematical morphology is developed. We take advantage of the optimum fuzzy fitting and the efficient implementation of morphological operators to extract geometric information from signals. The new representation provides results analogous to those given by the polynomial transform. Geometrical decomposition of a signal is achieved by...

Association between Prediagnostic Allergy-Related Serum Cytokines and Glioma

-Pan Huang, Brett Burkholder; Buckeye Psychiatry: Adam Brandemihl), but did not have any additional role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the ... manuscript. The specific roles of these authors are articulated in the ‘author contributions’ section. Competing Interests: Ruo-Pan Huang and Brett Burkholder are employed by RayBiotech, Inc. and Adam

N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide inhibits H2O2- induced Na+/Ca2+-exchanger activation via the Na+/H+ exchanger in rat ventricular myocytes

N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide inhibits H2O2- induced Na+/Ca2+-exchanger activation via the Na+/H+ exchanger in rat ventricular myocytes Yong-Pan Huang,1,* Fen-Fei Gao,1,* Bin Wang,1 Fu-Chun Zheng,2 ... ; Na+/Ca2+ exchanger; Na+/H+ - deda ropF open access to scientific and medical research O r i g i n a l r e s e a r c h Yong-Pan huang 1,* Fen-Fei gao 1,* Bin Wang1 Fu-chun Zheng 2 Yi-cun chen 1

Identification of Five Serum Protein Markers for Detection of Ovarian Cancer by Antibody Arrays

BackgroundProtein and antibody arrays have emerged as a promising technology to study protein expression and protein function in a high-throughput manner. These arrays also represent a new opportunity to profile protein expression levels in cancer patients’ samples and to identify useful biosignatures for clinical diagnosis, disease classification, prediction, drug development...

A Secret Image Sharing Method Using Integer Wavelet Transform

Video Technology , vol. 13 , no. 12 , pp. 1170 - 1181 , 2003 . [18] The Library of Congress website , http://memory.loc.gov/ ammem/gmdhtml/milhome.html. Chin-Pan Huang was born in 1959 in Taiwan. He

Network-driven plasma proteomics expose molecular changes in the Alzheimer’s brain

Vardarajan 8 Ruo-Pan Huang 6 7 Elizabeth D. Kirby 0 Rachelle Abbey 0 Bradley F. Boeve 5 Adam L. Boxer 10 Lindsay A. Farrer 8 9 NiCole Finch 4 Neill R. Graff-Radford Elizabeth Head Matan Hofree Ruochun Huang 6

Comparative Chloroplast Genomics Reveals the Evolution of Pinaceae Genera and Subfamilies

As the largest and the basal-most family of conifers, Pinaceae provides key insights into the evolutionary history of conifers. We present comparative chloroplast genomics and analysis of concatenated 49 chloroplast protein-coding genes common to 19 gymnosperms, including 15 species from 8 Pinaceous genera, to address the long-standing controversy about Pinaceae phylogeny. The...

Development of IGF Signaling Antibody Arrays for the Identification of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Biomarkers

Zhong-Sheng Wang 0 Ruo-Pan Huang 0 Bin He, Baylor College of Medicine, United States of America 0 1 Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University , Guangzhou ... , decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Competing Interests: Ying-Qing Mao, Wei-Dong Jiang, Yun-Ru Chen, Zhi Shi, Yan-Li Liu and Ruo-Pan Huang are the employees of RayBiotech, Inc. This does

Function of being colorful in web spiders: attracting prey or camouflaging oneself?

Bright body colorations of orb-weaving spiders have been hypothesized to be attractive to insects and thus function to increase foraging success. However, the color signals of these spiders are also considered to be similar to those of the vegetation background, and thus the colorations function to camouflage the spiders. In this study, we evaluated these 2 hypotheses by field...

Tumor promotion by hydrogen peroxide in rat liver epithelial cells

Reactive oxygen species, including H2O2, play an important role in the tumor promotion process. Using an in vitro model of tumor promotion involving the rat liver epithelial oval cell line T51B, the tumor promoting activity of H2O2 in N-methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine-initiated cells was studied. In this assay system, the promoting effect of H2O2 is evidenced by the formation...