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Longitudinal measurement invariance of memory performance and executive functioning in healthy aging

In this work, we examined the longitudinal measurement invariance of a battery composed of distinct cognitive parameters. A sample of 86 individuals (53.5% females; mean age = 65.73), representative of the Portuguese older population, with respect to sex, age and level of education was assessed twice over an average of two years. By means of a confirmatory factor analysis...

Physicians' self-assessed empathy levels do not correlate with patients' assessments

Background Empathy is a fundamental humanistic component of patient care which facilitates efficient and patient-centered clinical encounters. Despite being the principal recipient of physician empathy little work on how patients perceive/report receiving empathy from their physicians has been undertaken. In the context of doctor-patient interactions, knowledge about empathy has...

A comparison of predictors and intensity of acute postsurgical pain in patients undergoing total hip and knee arthroplasty

A comparison of predictors and intensity of acute postsurgical pain in patients undergoing total hip and knee arthroplasty Patrícia R Pinto,1,2 Teresa McIntyre,3 Vera Araújo-Soares,4 Patrício Costa

Impact of Chronic Stress Protocols in Learning and Memory in Rodents: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The idea that maladaptive stress impairs cognitive function has been a cornerstone of decades in basic and clinical research. However, disparate findings have reinforced the need to aggregate results from multiple sources in order to confirm the validity of such statement. In this work, a systematic review and meta-analyses were performed to aggregate results from rodent studies...

Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy: making sense of the total score through a second order confirmatory factor analysis

Background Empathy is a key aspect of the physician-patient interactions. The Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) is one of the most used empathy measures of medical students. The development of cross-cultural empathy studies depends on valid and reliable translations of the JSE. This study sought to: (1) adapt and assess the psychometric properties in Spanish students of the...

Capacidade discriminante do inventário de potencial de abuso na infância: dados numa amostra de progenitores portugueses

potential inventory: data from a sample of Portuguese parents Maria Manuela Calheiros*  a   Eunice Magalhães a   Patrício Costa b   aInstituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Cis-IUL

Capacidade discriminante do inventário de potencial de abuso na infância: dados numa amostra de progenitores portugueses

potential inventory: data from a sample of Portuguese parents Maria Manuela Calheiros*  a   Eunice Magalhães a   Patrício Costa b   aInstituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Cis-IUL

Capacidade discriminante do inventário de potencial de abuso na infância: dados numa amostra de progenitores portugueses

potential inventory: data from a sample of Portuguese parents Maria Manuela Calheiros*  a   Eunice Magalhães a   Patrício Costa b   aInstituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Cis-IUL

Capacidade discriminante do inventário de potencial de abuso na infância: dados numa amostra de progenitores portugueses

potential inventory: data from a sample of Portuguese parents Maria Manuela Calheiros*  a   Eunice Magalhães a   Patrício Costa b   aInstituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Cis-IUL

A statistical approach to quantitative data validation focused on the assessment of students’ perceptions about biotechnology

Student awareness levels are frequently used to evaluate the effectiveness of educational policies to promote scientific literacy. Over the last years several studies have been developed to assess students’ perceptions towards science and technology, which usually rely on quantitative methods to achieve broad characterizations, and obtain quantifiable and comparable data...

An exploratory study on the contribution of graduate entry students personality to the diversity of medical student populations

Studies conducted in medical education show that personality influences undergraduate medical students academic and clinical performances and also their career interests. Our aims with this exploratory study were: to assess the contribution of graduate entry students to the diversity of personality in medical student populations; to assess whether eventual differences may be...

Associations between Medical Student Empathy and Personality: A Multi-Institutional Study

Background More empathetic physicians are more likely to achieve higher patient satisfaction, adherence to treatments, and health outcomes. In the context of medical education, it is thus important to understand how personality might condition the empathetic development of medical students. Single institutional evidence shows associations between students' personality and empathy...

A Role of Supraspinal Galanin in Behavioural Hyperalgesia in the Rat

Introduction In chronic pain disorders, galanin (GAL) is able to either facilitate or inhibit nociception in the spinal cord but the contribution of supraspinal galanin to pain signalling is mostly unknown. The dorsomedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (DMH) is rich in galanin receptors (GALR) and is involved in behavioural hyperalgesia. In this study, we evaluated the contribution...

Individual characteristics and student’s engagement in scientific research: a cross-sectional study

Background In light of the increasing recognition of the importance of physician scientists, and given the association between undergraduate research experiences with future scientific activity, it is important to identify and understand variables related to undergraduate students’ decision to engage in scientific research activities. The present study assessed the influence of...

A Prediction Rule to Stratify Mortality Risk of Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis imposes high human and economic tolls, including in Europe. This study was conducted to develop a severity assessment tool for stratifying mortality risk in pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients. A derivation cohort of 681 PTB cases was retrospectively reviewed to generate a model based on multiple logistic regression analysis of prognostic variables with 6-month...

Clinical Epidemiology of Buruli Ulcer from Benin (2005-2013): Effect of Time-Delay to Diagnosis on Clinical Forms and Severe Phenotypes

Buruli Ulcer (BU) is a neglected infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans that is responsible for severe necrotizing cutaneous lesions that may be associated with bone involvement. Clinical presentations of BU lesions are classically classified as papules, nodules, plaques and edematous infiltration, ulcer or osteomyelitis. Within these different clinical forms...

Increasing Awareness about Antibiotic Use and Resistance: A Hands-On Project for High School Students

Background Health-promoting education is essential to foster an informed society able to make decisions about socio-scientific issues based on scientifically sustained criteria. Antibiotic resistance is currently a major public health issue. Considering that irrational antibiotic use has been associated with the development and widespread of antibiotic resistant bacteria...

NEO-FFI: Psychometric properties of a short personality inventory in Portuguese context

personalidade no contexto português Eunice Magalhães*  a   Ana Salgueira a   António-José Gonzalez b   José Joaquim Costa c   Manuel João Costa a   Patrício Costa a   Margarida Pedroso de

NEO-FFI: Psychometric properties of a short personality inventory in Portuguese context

personalidade no contexto português Eunice Magalhães*  a   Ana Salgueira a   António-José Gonzalez b   José Joaquim Costa c   Manuel João Costa a   Patrício Costa a   Margarida Pedroso de

NEO-FFI: Psychometric properties of a short personality inventory in Portuguese context

personalidade no contexto português Eunice Magalhães*  a   Ana Salgueira a   António-José Gonzalez b   José Joaquim Costa c   Manuel João Costa a   Patrício Costa a   Margarida Pedroso de