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:// horizons Paul Wilson During its more than 40 year existence, the National Reading Conference has become one of our premiere avenues for stimulating and reporting on advances in reading

Metrics and methods for characterizing dairy farm intensification using farm survey data

Gibbons. Investigation: Alejandra Gonzalez-Mejia, James Gibbons. Methodology: Alejandra Gonzalez-Mejia, David Styles, Paul Wilson, James Gibbons. Project administration: James Gibbons. Supervision ... : James Gibbons. Validation: Paul Wilson. Visualization: James Gibbons. Writing ± original draft: Alejandra Gonzalez-Mejia, James Gibbons. Writing ± review & editing: Alejandra Gonzalez-Mejia, David

The need for a standard approach to assessing the functionality of rural community water supplies

The Sustainable Development Goals have set an agenda for transformational change in water access, aiming for secure household connections globally. Despite this goal, communal groundwater supplies are likely to remain the main source of improved water supplies for many rural areas in Africa and South Asia for decades to come. Understanding the poor functionality of existing...

Correction to: Medical and financial burden of acute intermittent porphyria

. Neeleman 3 Janneke G. Langendonk 4 J. H. Paul Wilson 5 Margreet A. E. M. Wagenmakers Due to a typesetting error the wrong figure 2 was used. The correct figure 2 is shown here: Fig. 2 Visualisation of

Effect of Nicotine on Gallbladder Bile

Several studies have shown that symptomatic gallstones are largely a disease of nonsmokers, which raises the possibility that nicotine may protect against the formation of gallstones. To examine the effect of nicotine on the gallbladder, 32 rabbits were allocated to four groups: controls and three treatment groups in which nicotine tartarate at low, medium and high doses was...

A test of somatic mosaicism in the androgen receptor gene of Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis)

Background The androgen receptor, an X-linked gene, has been widely studied in human populations because it contains highly polymorphic trinucleotide repeat motifs that have been associated with a number of adverse human health and behavioral effects. A previous study on the androgen receptor gene in carnivores reported somatic mosaicism in the tissues of a number of species...

The Value of Coastal Wetlands for Flood Damage Reduction in the Northeastern USA

Scholar Search for Michael W. Beck in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Paul Wilson in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Christopher J. Thomas

A new fireworm (Amphinomidae) from the Cretaceous of Lebanon identified from three-dimensionally preserved myoanatomy

Background Rollinschaeta myoplena gen. et sp. nov is described from the Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian) Konservat-Lagerstätten of Hakel and Hjoula, Lebanon. The myoanatomy of the fossils is preserved in exceptional detail in three dimensions as calcium phosphate, allowing the musculature of the body wall, gut and parapodia to be reconstructed in detail. Results The major muscle...

Code Development in Coupled PARCS/RELAP5 for Supercritical Water Reactor

 Cai Copyright © 2014 Po Hu and Paul Wilson. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction

Code Development in Coupled PARCS/RELAP5 for Supercritical Water Reactor

 Cai Copyright © 2014 Po Hu and Paul Wilson. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction

Perceptions of Others' Political Affiliation Are Moderated by Individual Perceivers' Own Political Attitudes

Previous research has shown that perceivers can accurately extract information about perceptually ambiguous group memberships from facial information alone. For example, people demonstrate above-chance accuracy in categorizing political ideology from faces. Further, they ascribe particular personality traits to faces according to political party (e.g., Republicans are dominant...

A framework for production of systematic review based briefings to support evidence-informed decision-making

BackgroundWe have developed a framework for translating existing sources of synthesized and quality-assessed evidence, primarily systematic reviews, into actionable messages in the form of short accessible briefings. The service aims to address real-life problems in response to requests from decision-makers.Development of the framework was based on a scoping review of existing...

CXCR4 Is Dispensable for T Cell Egress from Chronically Inflamed Skin via the Afferent Lymph

T cell recirculation through extralymphoid tissues is essential to immune surveillance, host defense and inflammation. In this process, T cells enter the tissue from the blood and subsequently leave via the afferent lymph. In the absence of inflammation, T cells require CCR7 expression to egress from the skin or lung, which is consistent with the constitutive expression of the...

MMpred: functional miRNA – mRNA interaction analyses by miRNA expression prediction

Background MicroRNA (miRNA) directed gene repression is an important mechanism of posttranscriptional regulation. Comprehensive analyses of how microRNA influence biological processes requires paired miRNA-mRNA expression datasets. However, a review of both GEO and ArrayExpress repositories revealed few such datasets, which was in stark contrast to the large number of messenger...

Differences in Anticipated Interaction Drive Own Group Biases in Face Memory

According to much research, the Own Group Bias (OGB) in face memory occurs as a consequence of social categorization – ingroup members are more likely than outgroup members to be encoded as individuals and remembered well. The current work is an examination of the role of anticipated future interaction in the OGB. We conducted two studies showing that anticipated interaction...

Social Network Analysis in Healthcare Settings: A Systematic Scoping Review

Background Social network analysis (SNA) has been widely used across a range of disciplines but is most commonly applied to help improve the effectiveness and efficiency of decision making processes in commercial organisations. We are utilising SNA to inform the development and implementation of tailored behaviour-change interventions to improve the uptake of evidence into...

Biofilm-associated bacterial amyloids dampen inflammation in the gut: oral treatment with curli fibres reduces the severity of hapten-induced colitis in mice

Rapsinski, Sarah A Tursi, Steven G Biesecker, R Paul Wilson & Cagla TükelDepartment of Pathology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA, USAAndres J P Klein-SzantoDepartment of Biology, University of ... • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Christine McCauley in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Catherine Healy in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for R Paul

Challenges in identifying barriers to adoption in a theory-based implementation study: lessons for future implementation studies

Background Exploring barriers to the uptake of research based recommendations into practice is an important part of the development of implementation programmes. Techniques to identify barriers can include use of theory-informed questionnaires and qualitative interviews. Conceptualising and measuring theory-informed factors, and engaging health professionals’ to uncover all...