Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is common after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Risk for death from GVHD has been associated with low bacterial diversity in the stool microbiota early after transplant; however, the specific species associated with GVHD risk remain poorly defined.
We examined the relationship between serum and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) galactomannan index (GMI) values and mortality in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients with invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. Using a clinical sign and symptom–initiated approach, we found that the serum but not the BAL GMI level correlated with 42- and 180-day patient mortality.
In vitro studies have shown possible antiviral effects of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. In a retrospective study, we show that use of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib does not appear to reduce cytomegalovirus reactivation during the first 100 days after transplantation in a cohort of hematopoietic cell transplant recipients.