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Resilience and accessibility of Swedish and Dutch municipalities

“NECTAR Series on Transportation and Communications Networks Research” (Edward Elgar). Peter Nijkamp is Professor in economic geography at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Fellow at the Tinbergen

Social Capital, Resilience and Accessibility in Urban Systems: a Study on Sweden

Spatial systems appear to exhibit often a complex pattern of socio-economic development, in terms of (un)employment, income, mobility, ethnic composition, and urbanisation rates. Their evolution is co-determined by such factors as: market proximity, labour and housing market developments, public amenities, use of and access to transport systems, socio-economic composition of the...

Wage gaps between native and migrant graduates of higher education institutions in the Netherlands

In the Netherlands the share of immigrants in the total population has steadily increased during recent decades. The present paper takes a look at wage differences between natives and migrants who are equally educated. This reduces potential skills biases in our analysis of wages. We apply a Mincer equation in estimating the wage differences between natives and migrants. We...

Exploring the ‘New Urban World’

socio-economic development. Next, Andrea Caragliu, Chiara Del Bo, Karima Kourtit and Peter Nijkamp investigate the role of uncertainty management in a competitive setting of urban innovative activities ... transitions, when examining the upper and lower quartiles during the period 2000–2010. Finally, Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi, Eduardo Ameral Haddad and Peter Nijkamp conclude this special issue with a thorough

Six degrees of cultural diversity and R&D output efficiency

This paper seeks to highlight the efficiency of R&D output as a function of a cultural treatment (i.e. exposure) effect. The focus of our research is on the percolation of new R&D ideas from the immaterial world of creative ideas through the cultural lattice of the locality into the documented world of knowledge. Our conceptual model is illustrated with a novel numerical...

Cultural impact on regional development: application of a PLS-PM model to Greece

This paper seeks to find evidence for the impact of local culture—living culture and cultural heritage—on regional socio-economic development in Greece. The main aim of the paper is to operationalize the culture-based development hypothesis for the existence of a cumulative causation process of cultural impact on Greek local development. To test this hypothesis empirically, we...

Editorial: Urban Futures

cities as pivotal (physical and virtual) hubs in a globally connected world. Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp and Mark Partridge then highlight a portfolio of research and policy challenges of the ‘urban ... by the late Piet Rietveld, who introduces the notion of ‘flying carpet’ for modern cities. Next, a second urban image, ‘cyber cities’, is introduced by Daniel Arribas-Bel, Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp

Self-Organisation in Spatial Systems—From Fractal Chaos to Regular Patterns and Vice Versa

This study offers a new perspective on the evolutionary patterns of cities or urban agglomerations. Such developments can range from chaotic to fully ordered. We demonstrate that in a dynamic space of interactive human behaviour cities produce a wealth of gravitational attractors whose size and shape depend on the resistance of space emerging inter alia from transport friction...

Homeownership, mortgages, and unemployment

According to Oswald’s thesis, homeownership increases unemployment. Empirical research on micro-data has indeed confirmed that unemployed homeowners are less inclined to change their residential location and accept a new job elsewhere. However, it is also repeatedly found that unemployed homeowners tend to find a job more easily than otherwise comparable tenants. This paper aims...

Contrasts and similarities in economic performance of migrant entrepreneurs

In recent years, migrant entrepreneurs have come to occupy a prominent place in the SME sector in many cities in developed countries, with varying degrees of success. The concept of migrant entrepreneurship suggests a homogeneous set of actors, but it remains to be seen whether differences in cultural and ethnic backgrounds, in education, in age and gender, and in motivational...

The impact of cultural diversity on firm innovation: evidence from Dutch micro-data

An important question for firms and policy makers is whether the recruitment of foreign workers can boost innovation. Migration studies have demonstrated positive economic impacts of cultural diversity on productivity and innovation at the regional level, but the impacts at firm level are less well known. Merging data from four different sources, provided by Statistics...

From innovation to commercialization through networks and agglomerations: analysis of sources of innovation, innovation capabilities and performance of Dutch SMEs

Patricia van Hemert 0 Peter Nijkamp 0 Enno Masurel 0 0 P. Nijkamp Department of Spatial Economics, VU University Amsterdam , De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands This study

Mobile phone data from GSM networks for traffic parameter and urban spatial pattern assessment: a review of applications and opportunities

The use of wireless location technology and mobile phone data appears to offer a broad range of new opportunities for sophisticated applications in traffic management and monitoring, particularly in the field of incident management. Indeed, due to the high market penetration of mobile phones, it allows the use of very detailed spatial data at lower costs than traditional data...

High performers in complex spatial systems: a self-organizing mapping approach with reference to The Netherlands

This paper addresses the performance of creative firms from the perspective of complex spatial systems. Based on an extensive high-dimensional database on both the attributes of individual creative firms in the Netherlands and a series of detailed regional facilitating and driving factors related, inter alia, to talent, innovation, skills, networks, accessibility and hardware, a...

Impact of urban conditions on firm performance of migrant entrepreneurs: a comparative Dutch–US study

Mediha Sahin 0 Peter Nijkamp 0 Roger Stough 0 0 R. Stough School of Public Policy, George Mason University , Fairfax, VA, USA Recent studies on ethnic entrepreneurship have pointed at an

Knowledge spillovers, entrepreneurship and economic development

Roger Stough 0 Peter Nijkamp 0 0 R. Stough George Mason University , Fairfax, VA, USA Knowledge spillover refers to the diffusion or sharing of knowledge from where it is created or from one to ... van Geenhuizen and Peter Nijkamp entitled Place Bound Versus Footloose firms: Wiring Metropolitan Areas in a Policy Context exam ines the rise of the multi-nodal city or more generally the demise of

Place-bound versus footloose firms: wiring metropolitan areas in a policy context

Marina van Geenhuizen 0 Peter Nijkamp 0 JEL Classification 0 0 P. Nijkamp Faculty of Economics, Free University , De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands In the development of modern

The Measurement of Economic, Social and Environmental Performance of Countries: A Novel Approach

This paper presents a new analytical framework for assessing spatial disparities among countries. It takes for granted that the analysis of a country’s performance cannot be limited solely to either economic or social factors. The aim of the paper is to combine relevant economic and ‘non-economic’ (mainly social) aspects of a country’s performance in an integrated logical...