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Relationship between muscle strength and fall episodes among the elderly: the Yilan study, Taiwan

Fall episodes are not unusual among community residents, especially the elderly, and lower muscle strength is an important issue to address in order to prevent falls. A community health survey was conducted in a suburban area of Taiwan, and 1067 older adults were selected for enrollment in the present study. All the enrolled subjects had been visited at their homes; the subjects...

A Study of the Effects of Daily Physical Activity on Memory and Attention Capacities in College Students

This study evaluated the relationship between daily physical activity (DPA) and memory capacity, as well as the association between daily activity and attention capacity, in college students in Taiwan. Participants (mean age = 20.79) wore wearable trackers for 106 days in order to collect DPA. These data were analyzed in association with their memory and attention capacities, as...

A Study of the Effects of Daily Physical Activity on Memory and Attention Capacities in College Students

This study evaluated the relationship between daily physical activity (DPA) and memory capacity, as well as the association between daily activity and attention capacity, in college students in Taiwan. Participants (mean age = 20.79) wore wearable trackers for 106 days in order to collect DPA. These data were analyzed in association with their memory and attention capacities, as...

The incidence and factors of hip fractures and subsequent morbidity in Taiwan: An 11-year population-based cohort study

: DOH103-HO-1008 and 10501). The authors also thank the National Health Research Institute for providing the data. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Kai-Biao Lin, Nan-Ping Yang, Nien-Tzu Chang. Data ... . Resources: Yi-Hui Lee. Software: Kai-Biao Lin. Supervision: Chi-Hsu Wu. Project administration: Kai-Biao Lin, Nan-Ping Yang, Chien-Lung Chan. Validation: Nan-Ping Yang, Chi-Hsu Wu. Writing ± original

Expression profiling of cell-intrinsic regulators in the process of differentiation of human iPSCs into retinal lineages

BackgroundDifferentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into retinal lineages offers great potential for medical application. Therefore, it is of crucial importance to know the key intrinsic regulators of differentiation and the specific biomarker signatures of cell lineages.MethodsIn this study, we used microarrays to analyze transcriptomes of terminally...

MicroRNA-142-3p is involved in regulation of MGMT expression in glioblastoma cells

MicroRNA-142-3p is involved in regulation of MGMT expression in glioblastoma cells Yi-Yen Lee,1,2,* Aliaksandr A Yarmishyn,3,4,* Mong-Lien Wang,3,4 Hsiao-Yun Chen,4,5 Shih-Hwa Chiou,3–5 Yi-Ping Yang

Association of anterior cruciate ligament injury with knee osteoarthritis and total knee replacement: A retrospective cohort study from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database

Objective This study aimed to support the potential protective role of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction against the development of osteoarthritis (OA). Methods In this retrospective cohort study, the long-term results of ACL reconstruction in Taiwan were evaluated based on data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). In total, 8,769 eligible...

Triggering comprehensive enhancement in oxygen evolution reaction by using newly created solvent

Theoretical calculations indicate that the properties of confined liquid water, or liquid water at surfaces, are dramatically different from those of liquid bulk water. Here we present an experimentally innovative strategy on comprehensively efficient oxygen evolution reaction (OER) utilizing plasmon-induced activated water, creating from hot electron decay at resonantly...

Glycine N-methyltransferase deficiency in female mice impairs insulin signaling and promotes gluconeogenesis by modulating the PI3K/Akt pathway in the liver

Yi-Jen Liao Tzong-Shyuan Lee Yuh-Ching Twu Shih-Ming Hsu Ching-Ping Yang Chung-Kwe Wang Yu-Chih Liang Yi-Ming Arthur Chen 0 0 Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical

Retrospective one-million-subject fixed-cohort survey of utilization of emergency departments due to traumatic causes in Taiwan, 2001–2010

Background Epidemiological study was needed to evaluate trends in emergency department (ED) utilization that could be taken into account when making policy decisions regarding the delivery and distribution of medical resources. Methods A retrospective fixed-cohort study of emergency medical utilization from 2001 to 2010 was performed based on one-million people sampled in 2010 in...

A simple and convenient method for the preparation of antioxidant peptides from walnut (Juglans regia L.) protein hydrolysates

Background Walnut (Juglans regia L.), that belongs to the Juglandaceae family, is one of the nuts commonly found in Chinese diets. Researchers had obtained peptides from walnut protein hydrolysates, and these peptides exhibited the high antioxidant activities. The objective of this study was to develop a simple and convenient method for a facile and reproducible preparation of...

Pre-Emergency-Department Care-Seeking Patterns Are Associated with the Severity of Presenting Condition for Emergency Department Visit and Subsequent Adverse Events: A Timeframe Episode Analysis

Background Many patients treated in Emergency Department (ED) visits can be treated at primary or urgent care sectors, despite the fact that a number of ED visitors seek other forms of care prior to an ED visit. However, little is known regarding how the pre-ED activity episodes affect ED visits. Objectives We investigated whether care-seeking patterns involve the use of health...

Trends and outcomes in the utilization of laparoscopic appendectomies in a low-income population in Taiwan from 2003 to 2011

Background Numerous epidemiological studies have compared outcomes between laparoscopic appendectomies (LA) and open appendectomies (OA); however, few studies have assessed the efficacy of LA specifically in a low-income population (LIP). Methods We analyzed the trends in the utilization and outcomes of LA versus OA in an LIP in Taiwan using data from the National Health...

Dental Prophylaxis Decreases the Risk of Esophageal Cancer in Males; A Nationwide Population-Based Study in Taiwan

Background Periodontal disease (PD) is one of the most common chronic inflammatory diseases. Esophageal cancer (EC) is also a common cause of death due to cancer among males. Systemic inflammatory processes have been shown to increase the risk of cancer. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate the association between PD and EC. Methods A total of 718,409 subjects...

Epidemiology and socioeconomic features of appendicitis in Taiwan: a 12-year population-based study

Introduction This paper presents an epidemiologic study of appendicitis in Taiwan over a twelve-year period. An analysis of the incidence in the low-income population (LIP) is included to explore the effects of lower socioeconomic status on appendicitis. Methods We analyzed the epidemiological features of appendicitis in Taiwan using data from the National Health Insurance...

Development of a deregulating microRNA panel for the detection of early relapse in postoperative colorectal cancer patients

Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide and is associated with high recurrence and mortality, despite recent advancements in therapeutic strategies. MicroRNA (miR) deregulation is associated with CRC development and recurrence; therefore, miRs may be reliable biomarkers for detecting early relapse postoperatively. Methods In...

Factors affecting number of lymph nodes harvested and the impact of examining a minimum of 12 lymph nodes in stage I-III colorectal cancer patients: a retrospective single institution cohort study of 1167 consecutive patients

Background To identify factors affecting the harvest of lymph nodes (LNs) and to investigate the association between examining a minimum of 12 LNs and clinical outcomes in stage I-III colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Methods The clinicopathologic features and the number of examined LNs for 1167 stage I-III CRC patients were analyzed to identify factors affecting the number of...

Deferoxamine retinopathy: spectral domain-optical coherence tomography findings

Background To describe the spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings of a patient who developed pigmentary retinopathy following high-dose deferoxamine administration. Case presentation A 34-year-old man with thalassemia major complained of nyctalopia and decreased vision following high-dose intravenous deferoxamine to treat systemic iron overload. Fundus...

Epidemiology of appendicitis and appendectomy for the low-income population in Taiwan, 2003–2011

Background Although numerous epidemiological studies on appendicitis have been conducted worldwide, only a few studies have paid attention to the effect of socioeconomic status on appendicitis, particularly studies focusing on the low-income population (LIP). Methods We analyzed the epidemiological features of appendicitis in Taiwan using data from the National Health Insurance...

Dental prosthetic treatment needs of inpatients with schizophrenia in Taiwan: a cross-sectional study

Background The need to obtain information on the dental prosthetic treatment needs (DPTNs) of inpatients with schizophrenia is unrecognized. This study aims to assess the DPTNs of this population and investigate the association between these needs and related factors. Methods The results of an oral health survey involving 1,103 schizophrenic adult inpatients in a long-term care...