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Inter-variable correlation prediction with fuzzy connected-triples

Identification of hidden relationships between domain attributes from different data sources is of great practical significance and forms an emerging field in data mining. However, currently there seldom exist any systematic methods that can effectively handle this problem, especially when dealing with imprecisely described associations. In this paper, a novel data-driven...

Quantitative Analysis of Damping Enhancement and Piezoelectric Effect Mechanism of CNTs/PMN/EP Composites

University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China 3School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China Correspondence should be addressed to Qiang Shen; ten.362@fqqs

Recent high-resolution Antarctic ice velocity maps reveal increased mass loss in Wilkes Land, East Antarctica

We constructed Antarctic ice velocity maps from Landsat 8 images for the years 2014 and 2015 at a high spatial resolution (100 m). These maps were assembled from 10,690 scenes of displacement vectors inferred from more than 10,000 optical images acquired from December 2013 through March 2016. We estimated the mass discharge of the Antarctic ice sheet in 2008, 2014, and 2015 using...

Improving fuzzy rule interpolation performance with information gain-guided antecedent weighting

Fuzzy rule interpolation (FRI) makes inference possible when dealing with a sparse and imprecise rule base. However, the rule antecedents are commonly assumed to be of equal significance in most FRI approaches in the implementation of interpolation. This may lead to a poor performance of interpolative reasoning due to inaccurate or incorrect interpolated results. In order to...

Multi-functional nearest-neighbour classification

The k nearest-neighbour (kNN) algorithm has enjoyed much attention since its inception as an intuitive and effective classification method. Many further developments of kNN have been reported such as those integrated with fuzzy sets, rough sets, and evolutionary computation. In particular, the fuzzy and rough modifications of kNN have shown significant enhancement in performance...

Impact of severe left ventricular dysfunction on in-hospital and mid-term outcomes of Chinese patients undergoing first isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

Few studies focused on evaluating the impacts of preoperative severe left ventricular dysfunction on clinical outcomes of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (OPCAB). This single center retrospective study aimed to evaluate the impacts of severe left ventricular dysfunction on in-hospital and mid-term clinical outcomes of Chinese patients...

Evaluation of a real-time method of simultaneous amplification and testing in diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in children with pneumonia

Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) infection can cause community acquired pneumonia in children. A real-time method of simultaneous amplification and testing of M. pneumoniae (SAT-MP) was developed to diagnose M. pneumoniae targeting a region of the ribosomal RNA. The SAT-MP assay can accurately identify M. pneumoniae with a detection range from 101 to 107 CFU/ml. In this...

Myricitrin Alleviates Oxidative Stress-induced Inflammation and Apoptosis and Protects Mice against Diabetic Cardiomyopathy

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) has been increasingly considered as a main cause of heart failure and death in diabetic patients. At present, no effective treatment exists to prevent its development. In the present study, we describe the potential protective effects and mechanisms of myricitrin (Myr) on the cardiac function of streptozotosin-induced diabetic mice and on advanced...

Polydatin down-regulates the phosphorylation level of Creb and induces apoptosis in human breast cancer cell

Polydatin (PD), a component isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum, has a number of biological functions. However, the antitumor activity of PD has been poorly investigated. In this study, the effect of PD on cell proliferation was evaluated by thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide assay. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were investigated by flow cytometry. The phosphorylation...

Traditional Chinese medicine targeting apoptotic mechanisms for esophageal cancer therapy

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USAQiang Shen AuthorsSearch for Yu-shuang Zhang in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Qiang Shen in:Nature Research ... journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Jing Li in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Corresponding authors Correspondence to Qiang Shen or Jing Li. Rights and permissions To obtain

Anchors as Semantic Primes in Value Construction: An EEG Study of the Anchoring Effect

Previous research regarding anchoring effects has demonstrated that human judgments are often assimilated to irrelevant information. Studies have demonstrated that anchors influence the economic valuation of various products and experiences; however, the cognitive explanations of this effect remain controversial, and its neural mechanisms have rarely been explored. In the current...

Handwritten Chinese character recognition using fuzzy image alignment

The task of handwritten Chinese character recognition is one of the most challenging areas of human handwriting classification. The main reason for this is related to the writing system itself which encompasses thousands of characters, coupled with high levels of diversity in personal writing styles and attributes. Much of the existing work for both online and off-line...

You Have My Word: Reciprocity Expectation Modulates Feedback-Related Negativity in the Trust Game

Science Planning Project of Zhejiang Province (No. 14NDJC011Z). Qiang Shen was funded by Open Research Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning of Beijing Normal University

Swerving Orientation of Spin-Stabilized Projectile for Fixed-Cant Canard Control Input

Due to the large launch overload and high spin rate of spin-stabilized projectile, no attitude sensor is adopted in square crossing fixed-cant canard concept, which causes the lack of existing projectile linear theory for the close form solution of swerving motion. This work focuses on swerving orientation prediction with the restricted conditions. By importing the mathematical...

Recent Advances in Methamphetamine Neurotoxicity Mechanisms and Its Molecular Pathophysiology

Methamphetamine (METH) is a sympathomimetic amine that belongs to phenethylamine and amphetamine class of psychoactive drugs, which are widely abused for their stimulant, euphoric, empathogenic, and hallucinogenic properties. Many of these effects result from acute increases in dopamine and serotonin neurotransmission. Subsequent to these acute effects, METH produces persistent...

Dendritic Cells Loaded with Pancreatic Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs) Lysates Induce Antitumor Immune Killing Effect In Vitro

According to the cancer stem cells (CSCs) theory, malignant tumors may be heterogeneous in which a small population of CSCs drive the progression of cancer. Because of their intrinsic abilities, CSCs may survive a variety of treatments and then lead to therapeutic resistance and cancer recurrence. Pancreatic CSCs have been reported to be responsible for the malignant behaviors of...

Simultaneous hepatectomy and splenectomy versus hepatectomy alone for hepatocellular carcinoma complicated by hypersplenism: a meta-analysis

Simultaneous hepatectomy and splenectomy versus hepatectomy alone for hepatocellular carcinoma complicated by hypersplenism: a meta-analysis Wei Li, Shi-Qiang Shen, Shan-Min Wu, Zu-Bing Chen, Chao Hu

The Effects of Methylene Blue on Autophagy and Apoptosis in MRI-Defined Normal Tissue, Ischemic Penumbra and Ischemic Core

Methylene blue (MB) USP, which has energy-enhancing and antioxidant properties, is currently used to treat methemoglobinemia and cyanide poisoning in humans. We recently showed that MB administration reduces infarct volume and behavioral deficits in rat models of ischemic stroke and traumatic brain injury. This study reports the underlying molecular mechanisms of MB...

24h Urinary Protein Levels and Urine Protein/Creatinine Ratios Could Probably Forecast the Pathological Classification of HSPN

This study aimed to assess the relevance of laboratory tests in Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) classification, and determine accurate classification factors. This prospective study included 694 HSPN patients who underwent ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB). Renal specimens were scored according to International Study of Kidney Disease in Children (ISKDC...

Cardiac Fibrosis Alleviated by Exercise Training Is AMPK-Dependent

Regular exercise can protect the heart against external stimuli, but the mechanism is not well understood. We determined the role of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in regulating swimming exercise-mediated cardiac protection against β-adrenergic receptor overstimulation with isoproterenol (ISO) in mice. Ten-week-old AMPKα2+/+ and AMPKα2-knockout (AMPKα2...