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How the network properties of shareholders vary with investor type and country

would like to thank Eduardo Viegas, Henrik Jensen, Tarun Ramadorai, Yangshen Yang and Nanxin Wei for useful comments. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Qing Yao, Tim S. Evans, Kim Christensen ... . Data curation: Qing Yao. Formal analysis: Qing Yao, Tim S. Evans, Kim Christensen. Investigation: Qing Yao, Tim S. Evans, Kim Christensen. Methodology: Qing Yao, Tim S. Evans, Kim Christensen

Simulations suggest a constrictive force is required for Gram-negative bacterial cell division

To divide, Gram-negative bacterial cells must remodel cell wall at the division site. It remains debated, however, whether this cell wall remodeling alone can drive membrane constriction, or if a constrictive force from the tubulin homolog FtsZ is required. Previously, we constructed software (REMODELER 1) to simulate cell wall remodeling during growth. Here, we expanded this...

Lycium Barbarum Polysaccharides Improve Retinopathy in Diabetic Sprague-Dawley Rats

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) has become the most frequent cause of impaired visual acuity and blindness in working-age population in developed countries. Here we use diabetic rats to clarify the role of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) on DR. We treated diabetic rats with LBP (400 mg/kg/d or 200 mg/kg/d) orally for 20 weeks. Electroretinogram (ERGs) and Laser Doppler blood flow...

An Adaptive Supplier Selection Mechanism in E-Procurement Marketplace

, Department of Accounting and Management Information Systems, College of Business, Coppin State University Dong-Qing Yao, Department of E-Business & Technology Management, College of Business and Economics

Metagenomic evidence of stronger effect of stylo (legume) than bahiagrass (grass) on taxonomic and functional profiles of the soil microbial community

Plants are key determinants of soil microbial community (SMC). Legumes and grasses are distinct groups in various ecosystems; however, how they differentially shape SMC structure and functioning has yet to be explored. Here, we investigate SMC in soils grown with stylo (legume) or bahiagrass (grass). Soil metagenomic sequencing indicates that Archaea was more abundant in...

Population and function analysis of cultivable bacteria associated with spores of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita

This study was aimed to investigate the diversity and function of bacterial population associated with Gigaspora margarita spores. The fungus was propagated in sterilized sand/soil pots using alfalfa (Medicago sativa), grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), or maize (Zea mays) as host plants, or in sterilized vermiculite pots using alfalfa as host plants, respectively. Bacteria were...

Regioselective alkali metal reduction of dibenzocyclooctadiene lignan derivatives, demethoxylation followed by dehalogenation

The regioselective demethoxylation and dehalogenation of dihalogenated dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans derivatives were realized in a one-step reaction with excellent yields in the sodium and t-butanol reaction system.

HRM-facilitated rapid identification and genotyping of mutations induced by CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis in rice

 Tan1  Jianzhong Huang1  Pengcheng Wei1  Qing Yao Shu1  *  1 Zhejiang University, Institute of Crop Science, National Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, 866 Yuhangtang Rd, Hangzhou 310058

Rac1 is dispensable for oocyte maturation and female fertility in vivo

Oocyte maturation, the important process to produce female haploid gamete, accompanies with polarity establishment and highly asymmetric cell division to emit minor polar body within little cytoplasm. Microfilaments play central roles in polarity establishment and asymmetric cell division. Several actin regulators like WASP protein family as well as small GTPases function in...

The mortality risk factor of community acquired pneumonia patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a retrospective cohort study

Ruo-Xuan Dai†1, Qing-Hua Kong†2, Bei Mao1, Wen Xu1, Ru-Jia Tao1, Xiao-Ru Wang2, Qing-Yao Kong3 and Jin-Fu Xu1Email authorView ORCID ID profile †Contributed equally BMC Pulmonary MedicineBMC series

Efficacy and safety of additional surgery after non-curative endoscopic submucosal dissection for early colorectal cancer

Additional surgery is recommended when early colorectal cancer (ECRC) is resected by non-curative endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and there is significant risk of lymph node metastasis (LNM). The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of additional surgery after non-curative ESD for ECRC and evaluate long-term outcomes. Patients with ECRC who...

Transcriptome Profiling to Understand the Effect of Citrus Rootstocks on the Growth of ‘Shatangju’ Mandarin

To obtain insight into potential mechanisms underlying the influence of rootstock on scion growth, we performed a comparative analysis of ‘Shatangju’ mandarin grafted onto 5 rootstocks: Fragrant orange (Citrus junons Sieb. ex. Tanaka), Red tangerine (Citrus reticulata Blanco), ‘Shatangju’ mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco), Rough lemon (Citrus jambhiri Lush) and Canton lemon...

Approach to Analyze the Diversity of Myxobacteria in Soil by Semi-Nested PCR-Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) Based on Taxon-Specific Gene

The genotypic diversity of insoluble macromolecules degraded myxobacteria, provided an opportunity to discover new bacterial resources and find new ecological functions. In this study, we developed a semi-nested-PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) strategy to determine the presence and genotypic diversity of myxobacteria in soil. After two rounds of PCR with...

Genome-wide profiling of genetic variation in Agrobacterium-transformed rice plants

users ORCID: Qing-yao SHU, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9201-0593 农杆菌介导的水稻转化植株遗传变异特征的全基因组分析 中文概要 目 的 揭示转基因水稻全基因组遗传变异的特征与频率。 创新点 通过单核苷酸分辨率揭示了农杆菌介导法转化水 稻植株全基因组水平遗传变异的类型和频率以 及外源DNA 的整合模式。 方 法 应用 ... LIU, Gu-lei JIN, Hai-jun ZHAO, Long-jiang FAN, and Qing-yao SHU declare that they have no conflict of interest. This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any

Differences in Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Community Composition in Soils of Three Land Use Types in Subtropical Hilly Area of Southern China

Land use type is key factor in restoring the degraded soils due to its impact on soil chemical properties and microbial community. In this study, the influences of land use type on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (AMF) community and soil chemical properties were assessed in a long-run experimental station in subtropical hilly area of southern China. Soil samples were collected from...

Cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channel gene family in rice, identification, characterization and experimental analysis of expression response to plant hormones, biotic and abiotic stresses

Background Cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (CNGCs) are Ca2+-permeable cation transport channels, which are present in both animal and plant systems. They have been implicated in the uptake of both essential and toxic cations, Ca2+ signaling, pathogen defense, and thermotolerance in plants. To date there has not been a genome-wide overview of the CNGC gene family in any...

Cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channel gene family in rice, identification, characterization and experimental analysis of expression response to plant hormones, biotic and abiotic stresses

, biotic and abiotic stresses Zarqa Nawaz†1, 2, 3, Kaleem Ullah Kakar†2, Mumtaz A Saand4 and Qing-Yao Shu1, 3Email author †Contributed equally BMC Genomics201415:853 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164

Workable male sterility systems for hybrid rice: Genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, and utilization

The exploitation of male sterility systems has enabled the commercialization of heterosis in rice, with greatly increased yield and total production of this major staple food crop. Hybrid rice, which was adopted in the 1970s, now covers nearly 13.6 million hectares each year in China alone. Various types of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) and environment-conditioned genic male...

Mecp2-mediated Epigenetic Silencing of miR-137 Contributes to Colorectal Adenoma-Carcinoma Sequence and Tumor Progression via Relieving the Suppression of c-Met

, Shanghai, 200032, ChinaTao Chen, Shi-Lun Cai, Jian Li, Zhi-Peng Qi, Xu-Quan Li, Li-Qing Yao, Mei-Dong Xu, Ping-Hong Zhou & Yun-Shi ZhongEndoscopy Research Institute of Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032 ... , ChinaTao Chen, Shi-Lun Cai, Jian Li, Zhi-Peng Qi, Xu-Quan Li, Li-Qing Yao, Mei-Dong Xu, Ping-Hong Zhou & Yun-Shi ZhongDepartment of Oncological Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical