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Contextual and Perceptual Brain Processes Underlying Moral Cognition: A Quantitative Meta-Analysis of Moral Reasoning and Moral Emotions

Background and Objectives Human morality has been investigated using a variety of tasks ranging from judgments of hypothetical dilemmas to viewing morally salient stimuli. These experiments have provided insight into neural correlates of moral judgments and emotions, yet these approaches reveal important differences in moral cognition. Moral reasoning tasks require active...

Future planning: default network activity couples with frontoparietal control network and reward-processing regions during process and outcome simulations

We spend much of our daily lives imagining how we can reach future goals and what will happen when we attain them. Despite the prevalence of such goal-directed simulations, neuroimaging studies on planning have mainly focused on executive processes in the frontal lobe. This experiment examined the neural basis of process simulations, during which participants imagined themselves...

Default Network Modulation and Large-Scale Network Interactivity in Healthy Young and Old Adults

We investigated age-related changes in default, attention, and control network activity and their interactions in young and old adults. Brain activity during autobiographical and visuospatial planning was assessed using multivariate analysis and with intrinsic connectivity networks as regions of interest. In both groups, autobiographical planning engaged the default network while...

Imagine All the People: How the Brain Creates and Uses Personality Models to Predict Behavior

The behaviors of other people are often central to envisioning the future. The ability to accurately predict the thoughts and actions of others is essential for successful social interactions, with far-reaching consequences. Despite its importance, little is known about how the brain represents people in order to predict behavior. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging...

The temporal distribution of past and future autobiographical events across the lifespan

Knowledge and awareness of past and future autobiographical events may be mediated by a common system that supports intentional, goal-directed behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess the correspondence of past and future autobiographical thought. In Experiment 1, 300 undergraduates aged 19 years generated and assigned dates to past and future autobiographical events...

Basal forebrain degeneration precedes and predicts the cortical spread of Alzheimer’s pathology

AuthorsSearch for Taylor W. Schmitz in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for R. Nathan Spreng in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Contributions ADNI collected the data