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Search: authors:"Reed, John"

9 papers found.
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Semaglutide Added to Basal Insulin in Type 2 Diabetes (SUSTAIN 5): A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Combination therapy with insulin and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) is important for treating type 2 diabetes (T2D). This trial assesses the efficacy and safety of semaglutide, a GLP-1RA, as an add-on to basal insulin.

Large-Scale Discovery and Validation Studies Demonstrate Significant Reductions in Circulating Levels of IL8, IL-1Ra, MCP-1, and MIP-1β in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

Previous studies have attempted to elucidate the potential role of various cytokines and chemokines in human type 1 diabetes (T1D); however, the precise role of these serum proteins in T1D is still controversial and undetermined primarily due to the small sample sizes of the previous studies. We profiled a panel of serum cytokines and chemokines using a large-scale, two-stage...

Apoptotic and Anti-Apoptotic Mechanisms Following Spinal Cord Injury

A number of studies have provided evidence that cell death from moderate traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is regulated, in part, by apoptosis that involves the caspase family of cysteine proteases. However, little or no information is available about anti-apoptotic mechanisms mediated by the inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP) family of proteins that inhibit cell death pathways. In...

Critical Role for Fas-Associated Death Domain–Like Interleukin-1–Converting Enzyme–Like Inhibitory Protein in Anoikis Resistance and Distant Tumor Formation

Normal epithelial cells undergo anoikis, or apoptosis on loss of anchorage to the extracellular matrix, by initiating the death receptor pathway of caspase activation. However, malignant epithelial cells with metastatic potential resist anoikis and can survive in an anchorage-independent fashion. We hypothesized that c-Fas–associated death domain–like interleukin-1–converting...

Role of Bag-1 in the Survival and Proliferation of the Cytokine-Dependent Lymphocyte Lines, Ba/F3 and Nb2

The expression and function of the newly identified Bcl-2- and Raf-1- binding protein, Bag-1, during the cytokine-regulated growth of B and T cell lines was examined. Immunoblot analysis of lysates from the interleukin-3 (IL-3)-dependent B cell line Ba/F3, and the PRL-dependent T cell line Nb2, revealed that variations in Bag-1 levels paralleled alterations in cellular...