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Life Cycle Assessment of Noise Emissions: Comment on a Recent Publication

, University of California , Santa Barbara , USA 1 Department of Econometrics and OR, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam , Amsterdam , The Netherlands 2 Reinout Heijungs Noise impacts; Life cycle assessment - In a

Analyzing the effects of the choice of model in the context of marginal changes in final demand

Literature on the choice of model for deriving an input–output table (IOT) from a pair of supply–use tables (SUTs) has focused on the consequences for the IOT and the Leontief inverse. Analyzing the technology and fixed sales structure transformation models and their applications involving impact analysis and multipliers of factor inputs or environmental extensions, we prove that...

Product Carbon Footprints and Their Uncertainties in Comparative Decision Contexts

In response to growing awareness of climate change, requests to establish product carbon footprints have been increasing. Product carbon footprints are life cycle assessments restricted to just one impact category, global warming. Product carbon footprint studies generate life cycle inventory results, listing the environmental emissions of greenhouse gases from a product’s...

Methods for global sensitivity analysis in life cycle assessment

Purpose Input parameters required to quantify environmental impact in life cycle assessment (LCA) can be uncertain due to e.g. temporal variability or unknowns about the true value of emission factors. Uncertainty of environmental impact can be analysed by means of a global sensitivity analysis to gain more insight into output variance. This study aimed to (1) give insight into...

Pre-calculated LCI systems with uncertainties cannot be used in comparative LCA

Operations Research, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam , De Boelelaan 1105, 1081HV Amsterdam , The Netherlands 3 WorldFish , Jalan Batu Maung, 11960 Penang , Malaysia Responsible editor: Mary Ann Curran Reinout ... Heijungs - A recent paper by Qin and Suh (2016) provides an interesting test of the assumption of lognormally distributed life cycle inventory (LCI) results. We appreciate the importance of this work

A pseudo-statistical approach to treat choice uncertainty: the example of partitioning allocation methods

Purpose Despite efforts to treat uncertainty due to methodological choices in life cycle assessment (LCA) such as standardization, one-at-a-time (OAT) sensitivity analysis, and analytical and statistical methods, no method exists that propagate this source of uncertainty for all relevant processes simultaneously with data uncertainty through LCA. This study aims to develop...

The ESPA (Enhanced Structural Path Analysis) method: a solution to an implementation challenge for dynamic life cycle assessment studies

Purpose By analyzing the latest developments in the dynamic life cycle assessment (DLCA) methodology, we identify an implementation challenge with the management of new temporal information to describe each system we might want to model. To address this problem, we propose a new method to differentiate elementary and process flows on a temporal level, and explain how it can...

Ten easy lessons for good communication of LCA

Reinout Heijungs 0 0 R. Heijungs Department of Econometrics and Operations Research, VU University Amsterdam , De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands 1 ) Institute of Environmental

Toward a computational structure for life cycle sustainability analysis: unifying LCA and LCC

Purpose A widely used theory of the computational structure of life cycle assessment (LCA) has been available for more than a decade. The case of environmental life cycle cost (LCC) is still less clear: even the recent Code of Practice does not specify any formula to use. Methods This paper does not aim to resolve all the issues at stake. But it aims to provide an explicit and...

Thermodynamic resource indicators in LCA: a case study on the titania produced in Panzhihua city, southwest China

Wenjie Liao 0 Reinout Heijungs 0 Gjalt Huppes 0 0 Responsible editor: Christopher J. Koroneos Purpose While life cycle assessment (LCA) has standardized methods for assessing emission impacts, some

Differences between LCA for analysis and LCA for policy: a case study on the consequences of allocation choices in bio-energy policies

Purpose The increasing concern for adverse effects of climate change has spurred the search for alternatives for conventional energy sources. Life cycle assessment (LCA) has increasingly been used to assess the potential of these alternatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The popularity of LCA in the policy context puts its methodological issues into another perspective...

Towards a general framework for including noise impacts in LCA

Purpose Several damages have been associated with the exposure of human beings to noise. These include auditory effects, i.e., hearing impairment, but also non-auditory physiological ones such as hypertension and ischemic heart disease, or psychological ones such as annoyance, depression, sleep disturbance, limited performance of cognitive tasks or inadequate cognitive...

Rigorous proof of fuzzy error propagation with matrix-based LCI

Background, aim, and scope Propagation of parametric uncertainty in life cycle inventory (LCI) models is usually performed based on probabilistic Monte Carlo techniques. However, alternative approaches using interval or fuzzy numbers have been proposed based on the argument that these provide a better reflection of epistemological uncertainties inherent in some process data...

Sensitivity coefficients for matrix-based LCA

Reinout Heijungs 0 0 Responsible editor: Ralph Rosenbaum 1 ) Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Faculty of Science, Leiden University , PO Box 9518, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands

A greenhouse gas indicator for bioenergy: some theoretical issues with practical implications

Jeroen B. Guine 0 Reinout Heijungs 0 Ester van der Voet 0 0 Responsible editor: Joerg Schweinle Background, aim, and scope The expectations with respect to biomass as a resource for sustainable

Attributional and consequential LCA of milk production

Background, aim and scopeDifferent ways of performing a life cycle assessment (LCA) are used to assess the environmental burden of milk production. A strong connection exists between the choice between attributional LCA (ALCA) and consequential LCA (CLCA) and the choice of how to handle co-products. Insight is needed in the effect of choice on results of environmental analyses of...

On criteria for the evaluation of life cycle assessment software

Netherlands 1 Institute of Environmental Sciences, Leiden University , Leiden , The Netherlands 2 Reinout Heijungs - Seto et al. (2017) present an analysis of five software packages for life cycle assessment