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Cofactors With Human Papillomavirus in a Population-Based Study of Vulvar Cancer

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been previously associated with vulvar cancer. In a population-based study, we examined whether exposure to HPV, cigarette smoking, or herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2) increases the risk of this cancer. Methods: Incident cases of in situ (n = 400) and invasive (n = 110) squamous cell vulvar cancer diagnosed among women living in the Seattle...

Detection of Human Papillomavirus DNA in Cytologically Normal Women and Subsequent Cervical Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions

“Notes” following “References.” 2 Kai-Li Liaw , Andrew G. Glass, M. Michele Manos, Catherine E. Greer, David R. Scott, Mark Sherman, Robert D. Burk, Robert J. Kurman, Sholom Wacholder, Brenda B. Rush

Assessment of Plasma DNA Levels, Allelic Imbalance, and CA 125 as Diagnostic Tests for Cancer

Background: Allelic imbalance (AI), the loss or gain of chromosomal regions, is found in many cancers. AI can be detected in genomic tumor DNA released into the blood after necrosis or apoptosis. We evaluated plasma DNA concentration, allelic status in plasma DNA, and serum CA 125 level as screening tests for ovarian and other cancers. Methods: Plasma samples were obtained from...

Mutations in BRAF and KRAS Characterize the Development of Low-Grade Ovarian Serous Carcinoma

Activating mutations in KRAS and in one of its downstream mediators, BRAF, have been identified in a variety of human cancers. To determine the role of mutations in BRAF and KRAS in ovarian carcinoma, we analyzed both genes for three common mutations (at codon 599 of BRAF and codons 12 and 13 of KRAS). Mutations in either codon 599 of BRAF or codons 12 and 13 of KRAS occurred in...

Impact of Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-6/11/16/18 Vaccine on All HPV-Associated Genital Diseases in Young Women

Background The impact of the prophylactic vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, and 18 (HPV6/11/16/18) on all HPV-associated genital disease was investigated in a population that approximates sexually naive women in that they were “negative to 14 HPV types” and in a mixed population of HPV-exposed and -unexposed women (intention-to-treat group).

Identification of Molecular Pathway Aberrations in Uterine Serous Carcinoma by Genome-wide Analyses

Background Uterine cancer is the fourth most common malignancy in women, and uterine serous carcinoma is the most aggressive subtype. However, the molecular pathogenesis of uterine serous carcinoma is largely unknown. We analyzed the genomes of uterine serous carcinoma samples to better understand the molecular genetic characteristics of this cancer.