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The Impact of Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus (HPV; Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) L1 Virus-Like Particle Vaccine on Infection and Disease Due to Oncogenic Nonvaccine HPV Types in Generally HPV-Naive Women Aged 16–26 Years

BackgroundHuman papillomavirus (HPV)–6/11/16/18 vaccine reduces the risk of HPV-6/11/16/18–related cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1–3 or adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS). Here, its impact on CIN1–3/AIS associated with nonvaccine oncogenic HPV types was evaluated MethodsWe enrolled 17,622 women aged 16–26 years. All underwent cervicovaginal sampling and Pap testing at...

Impact of Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-6/11/16/18 Vaccine on All HPV-Associated Genital Diseases in Young Women

Background The impact of the prophylactic vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, and 18 (HPV6/11/16/18) on all HPV-associated genital disease was investigated in a population that approximates sexually naive women in that they were “negative to 14 HPV types” and in a mixed population of HPV-exposed and -unexposed women (intention-to-treat group).

Detection of Human Papillomavirus DNA in Cytologically Normal Women and Subsequent Cervical Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions

“Notes” following “References.” 2 Kai-Li Liaw , Andrew G. Glass, M. Michele Manos, Catherine E. Greer, David R. Scott, Mark Sherman, Robert D. Burk, Robert J. Kurman, Sholom Wacholder, Brenda B. Rush

Cofactors With Human Papillomavirus in a Population-Based Study of Vulvar Cancer

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been previously associated with vulvar cancer. In a population-based study, we examined whether exposure to HPV, cigarette smoking, or herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2) increases the risk of this cancer. Methods: Incident cases of in situ (n = 400) and invasive (n = 110) squamous cell vulvar cancer diagnosed among women living in the Seattle...

A Prospective Study of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Type 16 DNA Detection by Polymerase Chain Reaction and Its Association with Acquisition and Persistence of Other HPV Types

Human papillomavirus (HPV)—16 causes about half the cases of cervical cancer worldwide and is the focus of HPV vaccine development efforts. Systematic data are lacking as to whether the prevention of HPV-16 could affect the equilibrium of infection with other HPV types and thus alter the predicted impact of vaccination on the occurrence of cervical neoplasia. Therefore, the...

Assessment of Plasma DNA Levels, Allelic Imbalance, and CA 125 as Diagnostic Tests for Cancer

Background: Allelic imbalance (AI), the loss or gain of chromosomal regions, is found in many cancers. AI can be detected in genomic tumor DNA released into the blood after necrosis or apoptosis. We evaluated plasma DNA concentration, allelic status in plasma DNA, and serum CA 125 level as screening tests for ovarian and other cancers. Methods: Plasma samples were obtained from...

Effect of the Yuzpe regimen of emergency contraception on markers of endometrial receptivity

This exploratory study was designed to determine whether treatment with the Yuzpe regimen of emergency contraception altered endometrial integrin expression or other markers of uterine receptivity. Nineteen parous women were followed for two menstrual cycles. In the second cycle, each participant took 100 mg ethinyl oestradiol and 1 mg norgestrel on the day of the urinary...

Mutations in BRAF and KRAS Characterize the Development of Low-Grade Ovarian Serous Carcinoma

Activating mutations in KRAS and in one of its downstream mediators, BRAF, have been identified in a variety of human cancers. To determine the role of mutations in BRAF and KRAS in ovarian carcinoma, we analyzed both genes for three common mutations (at codon 599 of BRAF and codons 12 and 13 of KRAS). Mutations in either codon 599 of BRAF or codons 12 and 13 of KRAS occurred in...

Molecular genetic analysis of ovarian serous cystadenomas

was supported by the research Grant OC010017 from the US Department of Defense. Author information AffiliationsDepartment of Pathology, Baltimore, MD, USAEric J Cheng, Robert J Kurman, Menglin Wang ... AuthorsSearch for Eric J Cheng in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Robert J Kurman in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Menglin Wang in:Nature Research

Identification of Molecular Pathway Aberrations in Uterine Serous Carcinoma by Genome-wide Analyses

Background Uterine cancer is the fourth most common malignancy in women, and uterine serous carcinoma is the most aggressive subtype. However, the molecular pathogenesis of uterine serous carcinoma is largely unknown. We analyzed the genomes of uterine serous carcinoma samples to better understand the molecular genetic characteristics of this cancer.

Lack of a Y-Chromosomal Complement in the Majority of Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasms

Gestational trophoblastic neoplasms (GTNs) are a rare group of neoplastic diseases composed of choriocarcinomas, placental site trophoblastic tumors (PSTTs) and epithelioid trophoblastic tumors (ETTs). Since these tumors are derivatives of fetal trophoblastic tissue, approximately 50% of GTN cases are expected to originate from a male conceptus and carry a Y-chromosomal...

Precursor Lesions of High-Grade Serous Ovarian Carcinoma: Morphological and Molecular Characteristics

The lack of proven screening tools for early detection and the high mortality of ovarian serous carcinoma (OSC), particularly high grade, have focused attention on identifying putative precursor lesions with distinct morphological and molecular characteristics. The finding of occult invasive and intraepithelial fallopian tube carcinomas in prophylactically removed specimens from...

The pathogenesis of atypical proliferative Brenner tumor: an immunohistochemical and molecular genetic analysis

in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Jeffrey D Seidman in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Robert J Kurman in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google

Loss of ALDH1A1 expression is an early event in the pathogenesis of ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma

Tumor-initiating cells are thought to share features with normal somatic stem cells. In mice, stem cells at the ovarian hilum have been shown to express the stem cell marker, aldehyde dehydrogenase isoform 1A1 (ALDH1A1), and are prone to malignant transformation. The potential relevance of this finding to humans has not been established. In this study, we used...

Ovarian Cancer is an Imported Disease: Fact or Fiction?

Elisabetta Kuhn Robert J. Kurman Ie-Ming Shih 0 ) Departments of Pathology, Gynecology and Obstetrics, and Oncology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions , Baltimore, MD 21231, USA The cell of origin