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Development of Transcriptomic Markers for Population Analysis Using Restriction Site Associated RNA Sequencing (RARseq)

We describe restriction site associated RNA sequencing (RARseq), an RNAseq-based genotype by sequencing (GBS) method. It includes the construction of RNAseq libraries from double stranded cDNA digested with selected restriction enzymes. To test this, we constructed six single- and six-dual-digested RARseq libraries from six F2 pitcher plant individuals and sequenced them on a...

Accurate prediction of RNA nucleotide interactions with backbone k-tree model

Motivation: Given the importance of non-coding RNAs to cellular regulatory functions, it would be highly desirable to have accurate computational prediction of RNA 3D structure, a task which remains challenging. Even for a short RNA sequence, the space of tertiary conformations is immense; existing methods to identify native-like conformations mostly resort to random sampling of...

TRFolder-W: a web server for telomerase RNA structure prediction in yeast genomes

Summary: TRFolder-W is a web server capable of predicting core structures of telomerase RNA (TR) in yeast genomes. TRFolder is a command-line Python toolkit for TR-specific structure prediction. We developed a web-version built on the django web framework, leveraging the work done previously, to include enhancements to increase flexibility of usage. To date, there are five core...

Mutational Patterns in RNA Secondary Structure Evolution Examined in Three RNA Families

The goal of this work was to study mutational patterns in the evolution of RNA secondary structure. We analyzed bacterial tmRNA, RNaseP and eukaryotic telomerase RNA secondary structures, mapping structural variability onto phylogenetic trees constructed primarily from rRNA sequences. We found that secondary structures evolve both by whole stem insertion/deletion, and by...

Stable stem enabled Shannon entropies distinguish non-coding RNAs from random backgrounds

Background The computational identification of RNAs in genomic sequences requires the identification of signals of RNA sequences. Shannon base pairing entropy is an indicator for RNA secondary structure fold certainty in detection of structural, non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). Under the Boltzmann ensemble of secondary structures, the probability of a base pair is estimated from its...

Analysis of septins across kingdoms reveals orthology and new motifs

Fangfang Pan 0 Russell L Malmberg 0 Michelle Momany 0 0 Address: Plant Biology Department, University of Georgia , Athens, GA, 30602 , USA Background: Septins are cytoskeletal GTPase proteins

RNATOPS-W: a web server for RNA structure searches of genomes

Summary: RNATOPS-W is a web server to search sequences for RNA secondary structures including pseudoknots. The server accepts an annotated RNA multiple structural alignment as a structural profile and genomic or other sequences to search. It is built upon RNATOPS, a command line C++software package for the same purpose, in which filters to speed up search are manually selected...

Fast and accurate search for non-coding RNA pseudoknot structures in genomes

Motivation: Searching genomes for non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) by their secondary structure has become an important goal for bioinformatics. For pseudoknot-free structures, ncRNA search can be effective based on the covariance model and CYK-type dynamic programming. However, the computational difficulty in aligning an RNA sequence to a pseudoknot has prohibited fast and accurate...

Stochastic modeling of RNA pseudoknotted structures: a grammatical approach

Motivation: Modeling RNA pseudoknotted structures remains challenging. Methods have previously been developed to model RNA stem-loops successfully using stochastic context-free grammars (SCFG) adapted from computational linguistics; however, the additional complexity of pseudoknots has made modeling them more difficult. Formally a context-sensitive grammar is required, which...

LumberJack: a heuristic tool for sequence alignment exploration and phylogenetic inference

Summary: LumberJack is a phylogenetic tool intended to serve two purposes: to facilitate sampling treespace to find likely tree topologies quickly, and to map phylogenetic signal onto regions of an alignment in a revealing way. LumberJack creates non-random jackknifed alignments by progressively sliding a window of omission along the alignment. A neighbor-joining tree is built...