OBJECTIVES Concomitant tricuspid valve surgery with mitral valve surgery is recommended for patients with severe functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR). However, the treatment for 2+ TR (mild TR) remains controversial. Here, we evaluated the long-term results of untreated 2+ TR in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery.
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are among the most important regulatory elements of gene expression in animals and plants. However, their origin and evolutionary dynamics have not been studied systematically. In this paper, we identified putative miRNA genes in 11 plant species using the bioinformatic technique and examined their evolutionary changes. Our homology search indicated that no...
Sayaka Miura 0 Masafumi Nozawa 0 Masatoshi Nei 0 0 Institute of Molecular Evolutionary Genetics, Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University MicroRNAs (miRs) are noncoding RNAs that
Masafumi Nozawa 0 Sayaka Miura 0 Masatoshi Nei 0 0 Institute of Molecular Evolutionary Genetics and Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park MicroRNAs (miRs) regulate