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Effects of Neuropeptide Y on Stem Cells and Their Potential Applications in Disease Therapy

: Dominik Wolf Copyright © 2017 Song Peng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in

Effects of Neuropeptide Y on Stem Cells and Their Potential Applications in Disease Therapy

: Dominik Wolf Copyright © 2017 Song Peng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in

Effect of heat wave at the initial stage in spark plasma sintering

Thermal effects are important considerations at the initial stage in spark plasma sintering of non-conductive Al2O3 powders. The generalized thermo-elastic theory is introduced to describe the influence of the heat transport and thermal focusing caused by thermal wave propagation within a constrained space and transient time. Simulations show that low sintering temperature can...

microRNA-352 regulates collateral vessel growth induced by elevated fluid shear stress in the rat hind limb

Although collateral vessel growth is distinctly enhanced by elevated fluid shear stress (FSS), the underlying regulatory mechanism of this process remains incompletely understood. Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a pivotal role in vascular development, homeostasis and a variety of diseases. Therefore, this study was designed to identify miRNAs involved in...

Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of primary hypertension: a methodology overview of systematic reviews

Background Chinese herbal medicine has been used to treat hypertension in China and East Asia since centuries. In this study, we conduct an overview of systematic reviews of Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of primary hypertension to 1) summarize the conclusions of these reviews, 2) evaluate the methodological quality of these reviews, and 3) rate the confidence in the...

The Prenyl Group Contributes to Activities of Phytoestrogen 8-Prenynaringenin in Enhancing Bone Formation and Inhibiting Bone Resorption In Vitro

Previous studies have found that 8-prenylflavonoids have a higher osteogenic activity than do flavonoids, which suggested that the 8-prenyl group may play an active role in bone-protective properties. To address this hypothesis, activities of 8-prenylnaringenin (PNG) and naringenin (NG) in osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation and function were compared in vitro. PNG was...

Molecular Epidemiology and Genetic Evolution of the Whole Genome of G3P[8] Human Rotavirus in Wuhan, China, from 2000 through 2013

Background Rotaviruses are a major etiologic agent of gastroenteritis in infants and young children worldwide. Since the latter of the 1990s, G3 human rotaviruses referred to as “new variant G3” have emerged and spread in China, being a dominant genotype until 2010, although their genomic evolution has not yet been well investigated. Methods The complete genomes of 33 G3P[8...

Morphine Inhibits Intrahepatic Interferon-α Expression and Enhances Complete Hepatitis C Virus Replication

Heroin addicts are a high-risk group for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the development of chronic HCV disease. We thus examined whether morphine, the active metabolite of heroin, has the ability to inhibit intrahepatic interferon (IFN)—α expression, facilitating HCV replication in human hepatocytes. Morphine inhibited intrahepatic IFN-α expression, which was associated...

Hemorrhagic Fever Caused by a Novel Bunyavirus in China: Pathogenesis and Correlates of Fatal Outcome

Background. Hemorrhagic fever–like illness caused by a novel Bunyavirus, Huaiyangshan virus (HYSV, also known as Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia virus [SFTSV] and Fever, Thrombocytopenia and Leukopenia Syndrome [FTLS]), has recently been described in China. Methods. Patients with laboratory-confirmed HYSV infection who were admitted to Union Hospital or Zhongnan Hospital...