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The challenges of recognising individuals with few distinguishing features: Identifying red foxes Vulpes vulpes from camera-trap photos

householders who allowed us free access to their gardens for this study. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Jo Dorning, Stephen Harris. Data curation: Jo Dorning. Formal analysis: Jo Dorning. Funding ... acquisition: Stephen Harris. Investigation: Jo Dorning. Methodology: Jo Dorning. 16 / 23 Project administration: Jo Dorning. Resources: Jo Dorning, Stephen Harris. Software: Jo Dorning. Supervision

The Switch from Low-Pressure Sodium to Light Emitting Diodes Does Not Affect Bat Activity at Street Lights

We used a before-after-control-impact paired design to examine the effects of a switch from low-pressure sodium (LPS) to light emitting diode (LED) street lights on bat activity at twelve sites across southern England. LED lights produce broad spectrum ‘white’ light compared to LPS street lights that emit narrow spectrum, orange light. These spectral differences could influence...

Behaviour-Related Scalar Habitat Use by Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer)

Studies of habitat use by animals must consider behavioural resource requirements at different scales, which could influence the functional value of different sites. Using Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer) in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, we tested the hypotheses that behaviour affected use between and within habitats, hereafter referred to as macro- and microhabitats...

Recent Advances in Postoperative Pain Therapy for Thoracic Surgery

Torsten Loop 0 Stephen Harris 0 Alexander Grimm 0 0 T. Loop (&) S. Harris A. Grimm Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, University Medical Center , Freiburg , Hugstetter Strasse ... (ESA). Compliance with Ethics Guidelines Conflict of Interest Torsten Loop, Stephen Harris, and Alexander Grimm declare that they have no conflict of interest. Human and Animal Rights and Informed

Habitat Selection by African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in Response to Landscape-Level Fluctuations in Water Availability on Two Temporal Scales

Stephen Harris 0 Sadie Jane Ryan, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, United States of America 0 1 School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol , Bristol , United Kingdom , 2

A Pyrosequencing Investigation of Differences in the Feline Subgingival Microbiota in Health, Gingivitis and Mild Periodontitis

Periodontitis is the most frequently diagnosed health problem in cats yet little is known about the bacterial species important for the disease. The objective of this study was to identify bacterial species associated with health, gingivitis or mild periodontitis (<25% attachment loss) in feline plaque. Knowledge of these species is a first step in understanding the potential for...

Correction: Mitigating the Impact of Bats in Historic Churches: The Response of Natterer's Bats Myotis nattereri to Artificial Roosts and Deterrence

affiliated with: Okavango Research Institute, University of Botswana , Private Bag 285, Maun , Botswana. The affiliations should appear as shown here: Matt R. K. Zeale 3 , Stephen Harris OPEN ACCESS - 1.

Managing Conflict between Bats and Humans: The Response of Soprano Pipistrelles (Pipistrellus pygmaeus) to Exclusion from Roosts in Houses

Conflict can arise when bats roost in human dwellings and householders are affected adversely by their presence. In the United Kingdom, the exclusion of bats from roosts can be licensed under exceptional circumstances to alleviate conflict, but the fate of excluded bats and the impact on their survival and reproduction is not well understood. Using radio-tracking, we investigated...

Mitigating the Impact of Bats in Historic Churches: The Response of Natterer’s Bats Myotis nattereri to Artificial Roosts and Deterrence

Bats frequently roost in historic churches, and these colonies are of considerable conservation value. Inside churches, bat droppings and urine can cause damage to the historic fabric of the building and to items of cultural significance. In extreme cases, large quantities of droppings can restrict the use of a church for worship and/or other community functions. In the United...

The Unculturables: targeted isolation of bacterial species associated with canine periodontal health or disease from dental plaque

Background The current inability to culture the entirety of observed bacteria is well known and with the advent of ever more powerful molecular tools, that can survey bacterial communities at previously unattainable depth, the gap in our capacity to culture and define all of these species increases exponentially. This gap has essentially become the rate limiting step in...

Early Canine Plaque Biofilms: Characterization of Key Bacterial Interactions Involved in Initial Colonization of Enamel

UK, the employer of Lucy J. Holcombe, Niran Patel, Alison Colyer, Oliver Deusch, Ciaran O'Flynn, and Stephen Harris. There are no products in devel- opment or marketed products to declare. This does

The Social and Ecological Integration of Captive-Raised Adolescent Male African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) into a Wild Population

Background A rapid rise in the number of captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana) used in the tourism industry in southern Africa and orphaned elephants in human care has led to concerns about their long-term management, particularly males. One solution is to release them into the wild at adolescence, when young males naturally leave their herd. However, this raises...

A longitudinal assessment of periodontal disease in 52 miniature schnauzers

BMC Veterinary Research Mark D Marshall Corrin V Wallis Lisa Milella Alison Colyer Andrew D Tweedie Stephen Harris - assessment of periodontal 52 miniature schnauzers Marshall et al. Open Access

Territorial Dynamics and Stable Home Range Formation for Central Place Foragers

Uncovering the mechanisms behind territory formation is a fundamental problem in behavioural ecology. The broad nature of the underlying conspecific avoidance processes are well documented across a wide range of taxa. Scent marking in particular is common to a large range of terrestrial mammals and is known to be fundamental for communication. However, despite its importance...

A Cross-Sectional Survey of Bacterial Species in Plaque from Client Owned Dogs with Healthy Gingiva, Gingivitis or Mild Periodontitis

study. Competing interests: The authors have the following interests. This work was funded by Mars Petcare UK, the employer of Ian. J. Davis, Corrin Wallis, Oliver Deusch, Alison Colyer and Stephen ... Harris. Lisa Milella is employed by The Veterinary Dental Surgery. A patent has been filed based on information from this work. There are no products in development or marketed products to declare. This

High Risks of Losing Genetic Diversity in an Endemic Mauritian Gecko: Implications for Conservation

Harris 0 Joao Pinto, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Portugal 0 1 School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol , Bristol , United Kingdom , 2 NERC Biomolecular Analysis Facility

Animal Interactions and the Emergence of Territoriality

Inferring the role of interactions in territorial animals relies upon accurate recordings of the behaviour of neighbouring individuals. Such accurate recordings are rarely available from field studies. As a result, quantification of the interaction mechanisms has often relied upon theoretical approaches, which hitherto have been limited to comparisons of macroscopic population...

Does Litter Size Variation Affect Models of Terrestrial Carnivore Extinction Risk and Management?

Background Individual variation in both survival and reproduction has the potential to influence extinction risk. Especially for rare or threatened species, reliable population models should adequately incorporate demographic uncertainty. Here, we focus on an important form of demographic stochasticity: variation in litter sizes. We use terrestrial carnivores as an example taxon...

The Welfare Implications of Using Exotic Tortoises as Ecological Replacements

Background Ecological replacement involves the introduction of non-native species to habitats beyond their historical range, a factor identified as increasing the risk of failure for translocations. Yet the effectiveness and success of ecological replacement rely in part on the ability of translocatees to adapt, survive and potentially reproduce in a novel environment. We discuss...

Mother Knows Best: Dominant Females Determine Offspring Dispersal in Red Foxes (Vulpes vulpes)

Background Relatedness between group members is central to understanding the causes of animal dispersal. In many group-living mammals this can be complicated as extra-pair copulations result in offspring having varying levels of relatedness to the dominant animals, leading to a potential conflict between male and female dominants over offspring dispersal strategies. To avoid...