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Hospitalization due to stroke and myocardial infarction in self-employed individuals and small business owners compared with paid employees in Sweden—a 5-year study

Analysing Swedish population register data, the aim of the present study is to investigate differences in acute cardiovascular disease (CVD) in terms of stroke and myocardial infarction incidence between self-employed individuals and paid employees and to study whether the associations vary by gender or across industrial sectors. A cohort of nearly 4.8 million employed...

Precarious employment is a risk factor for poor mental health in young individuals in Sweden: a cohort study with multiple follow-ups

Background The globalisation of the economy and the labour markets has resulted in a growing proportion of individuals who find themselves in a precarious labour market situation, especially among the young. This pertains also to the Nordic countries, despite their characterisation as well developed welfare states with active labour market policies. This should be viewed against...

Mortality in Adult Offspring of Immigrants: A Swedish National Cohort Study

Background Higher risks of psychiatric disorders and lower-than-average subjective health in adulthood have been demonstrated in offspring of immigrants in Sweden compared with offspring of native Swedes, and linked to relative socioeconomic disadvantage. The present study investigated mortality rates in relation to this inequity from a gender perspective. Methods We used data...

Work–Family Conflict and Self-Rated Health: the Role of Gender and Educational Level. Baseline Data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

Purpose This study examined gender differences in the association between work–family conflict and self-rated health and evaluated the effect of educational attainment. Method We used baseline data from ELSA-Brasil, a cohort study of civil servants from six Brazilian state capitals. Our samples included 12,017 active workers aged 34–72 years. Work–family conflict was measured by...

Job strain and unhealthy lifestyle: results from the baseline cohort study, Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

Arajo Nobre 4 5 Mrcia Guimares de Mello Alves 3 5 Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca 5 7 Letcia de Oliveira Cardoso 5 7 Luana Giatti 5 6 Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo 5 7 Susanna Toivanen 1 5 Dra Chor 5 7 0

Years worked at night and body mass index among registered nurses from eighteen public hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Background Employees working night shifts are at a greater risk of being overweight or obese. Few studies on obesity and weight gain analyze the years of exposure to night work. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the years of exposure to night work and body mass index (BMI) among registered nurses. Methods A cross-sectional analysis was performed in...

Social Determinants of Health at Different Phases of Life

Susanna Toivanen Bitte Modin 0 CHESS, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institute , 10691, Stockholm, Sweden - Social determinants of health, i.e., those conditions under which people are born, live