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19 papers found.
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Tobacco use and caries increment in young adults: a prospective observational study

ObjectiveTobacco use has a negative influence on general and oral health but data concerning caries are mainly derived from epidemiological and cross-sectional studies. The aim of this study was to investigate smoking and use of smokeless tobacco (Swedish snus) as determinants of dental caries increment in young adults over 3 years. The baseline cohort consisted of 1295 19-year...

Probiotic supplements containing Lactobacillus reuteri does not affect the levels of matrix metalloproteinases and interferons in oral wound healing

ObjectiveThe use of beneficial bacteria may stimulate wound healing. We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind cross-over study comprising ten healthy volunteers. The aim was to investigate the impact of topical and systemic applications of probiotic lactobacilli (Lactobacillus reuteri) on the healing of standardized wounds (punch biopsies) in the oral mucosa...

Relationship between risk assessment and payment models in Swedish Public Dental Service: a prospective study

Background To a) compare risk categories in patients selecting a capitation payment (CP) model with those in fee-for-service (FFS), b) determine the 3-year caries increment in the two groups, and c) compare the amount of delivered preventive care in the two groups. Methods A comprehensive risk assessment was carried out in 1295 young adults attending eight Public Dental Clinics...

The evidence base for professional and self-care prevention - caries, erosion and sensitivity

Background The aim of this conference paper was to examine the evidence base for primary and secondary prevention of dental caries, erosions and dentin hypersensitivity through professional and self-care measures. Methods A mapping of systematic reviews (SR) of literature was carried out in PubMed and the Cochrane library through April 2014 using established MeSH-terms and...

Oral microflora in preschool children attending a fluoride varnish program: a cross-sectional study

Gunnar Dahlén 2 Svante Twetman 4 0 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Eastman Institute, Public Dental Service , Stockholm , Sweden 1 Division of Pediatric Dentistry, Department of Dental Medicine

Caries risk assessment in young adults: a 3 year validation of the Cariogram model

Background To validate baseline caries risk classifications according to the Cariogram model with the actual caries development over a 3-year period in a group of young adults living in Sweden. Methods The study group consisted of 1,295 19-year-old patients that completed a comprehensive clinical baseline examination, including radiographs and salivary tests. An individual caries...

Salivary microflora and mode of delivery: a prospective case control study

Background Previous cross-sectional studies have suggested that the mode of delivery can influence the composition of oral microflora. The aim of this prospective study was to compare the salivary colonization in vaginally delivered children with children delivered by Caesarian section (C-section) during their first 6 months of life. Methods The study group consisted of 149...

Effect of probiotic chewing tablets on early childhood caries – a randomized controlled trial

Svante Twetman 0 1 0 Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen , Nørre Allé 20, 2200 Copenhagen , Denmark 1 Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and

Comparing caries risk profiles between 5- and 10- year-old children with cleft lip and/or palate and non-cleft controls

Marcusson 1 Svante Twetman 4 0 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education , Box 1030, SE 551 11 Jönköping , Sweden 1 Department of Dentofacial Orthopedics, Maxillofacial

Acid production in dental plaque after exposure to probiotic bacteria

Background The increasing interest in probiotic lactobacilli in health maintenance has raised the question of potential risks. One possible side effect could be an increased acidogenicity in dental plaque. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of probiotic lactobacilli on plaque lactic acid (LA) production in vitro and in vivo. Methods In the first part (A...

Tobacco use and caries risk among adolescents – a longitudinal study in Sweden

Background Smoking and the use of smokeless tobacco have a detrimental impact on general and oral health. The relationship to dental caries is however still unclear. As caries is a multi-factorial disease with clear life-style, socio-economic and socio-demographic gradients, the tobacco use may be a co-variable in this complex rather than a direct etiological factor. Our aim was...

Geo-mapping of time trends in childhood caries risk a method for assessment of preventive care

BackgroundDental caries is unevenly distributed within populations with a higher burden in low socio-economy groups. Several attempts have been made to allocate resources to those that need them the most; there is a need for convenient approaches to population-based monitoring of caries risk over time. The aim of this study was to develop the geo-map concept, addressing time...

Prevention in practice – a summary.

Background This paper is a summary document of the Prevention in Practice Conference and Special Supplement of BMC Oral Health. It represents the consensus view of the presenters and captures the questions, comments and suggestions of the assembled audience. Methods Using the prepared manuscripts for the conference, collected materials from scribes during the conference and...

Consistent evidence to support the use of xylitol- and sorbitol-containing chewing gum to prevent dental caries

. In any case, the conclusions of this systematic review should be limited to the primary and young permanent dentition: all the included studies were performed Svante Twetman Department of Cariology

Geo-mapping of caries risk in children and adolescents - a novel approach for allocation of preventive care

Background Dental caries in children is unevenly distributed within populations with a higher burden in low socio-economy groups. Thus, tools are needed to allocate resources and establish evidence-based programs that meet the needs of those at risk. The aim of the study was to apply a novel concept for presenting epidemiological data based on caries risk in the region of Halland...

Letters to the editor

a view should be taken by the readers themselves. One thing is clear: the scientific controversies regarding polyol-containing chewing gums in caries prevention seem to be an eternal issue. Svante ... Twetman Department of Cariology and Endodontic, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark 1. Lingström P , Holm AK , Mejàre I , et al. Dietary factors in the prevention of dental caries

Caries risk assessment in school children using a reduced Cariogram model without saliva tests

Background To investigate the caries predictive ability of a reduced Cariogram model without salivary tests in schoolchildren. Methods The study group consisted of 392 school children, 10-11 years of age, who volunteered after informed consent. A caries risk assessment was made at baseline with aid of the computer-based Cariogram model and expressed as "the chance of avoiding...

Growth inhibition of oral mutans streptococci and candida by commercial probiotic lactobacilli - an in vitro study

Background Probiotic bacteria are suggested to play a role in the maintenance of oral health. Such health promoting bacteria are added to different commercial probiotic products. The aim of the study was to investigate the ability of a selection of lactobacilli strains, used in commercially available probiotic products, to inhibit growth of oral mutans streptococci and C...