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Parents’ beliefs and knowledge about the management of acute otitis media: a qualitative study

Background Acute otitis media is a common reason for antibiotic prescribing, despite strong evidence that antibiotics provide minimal benefit. Studies have demonstrated that patients’ (or parents’) expectations of antibiotics often influence general practitioners’ (GPs) decision to prescribe antibiotics, but few have explored parents’ expectations of the management of infections...

Evaluation of the effect of patient education on rates of falls in older hospital patients: Description of a randomised controlled trial

Background Accidental falls by older patients in hospital are one of the most commonly reported adverse events. Falls after discharge are also common. These falls have enormous physical, psychological and social consequences for older patients, including serious physical injury and reduced quality of life, and are also a source of substantial cost to health systems worldwide...

A guide to performing a peer review of randomised controlled trials

Peer review of journal articles is an important step in the research process. Editors rely on the expertise of peer reviewers to properly assess submissions. Yet, peer review quality varies widely and few receive training or guidance in how to approach the task. This paper describes some of the main steps that peer reviewers in general and, in particular, those performing...

Cost effectiveness of patient education for the prevention of falls in hospital: economic evaluation from a randomized controlled trial

8 Sandra G Brauer 7 Tammy Hoffmann 6 7 Christopher Etherton-Beer 5 Steven M McPhail 0 1 0 Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation and School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland

Reducing the psychosocial impact of aphasia on mood and quality of life in people with aphasia and the impact of caregiving in family members through the Aphasia Action Success Knowledge (Aphasia ASK) program: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Background People with aphasia and their family members are at high risk of experiencing post stroke depression. The impact of early interventions on mood and quality of life for people with aphasia is unknown. Methods/design This study will determine whether an early intervention for both the person with aphasia after stroke and their family members leads to better mood and...

Reporting of interventions in randomised trials: an audit of journal Instructions to Authors

Background A complete description of the intervention in a published trial report is necessary for readers to be able to use the intervention, yet the completeness of intervention descriptions in trials is very poor. Low awareness of the issue by authors, reviewers, and editors is part of the cause and providing specific instructions about intervention reporting to authors and...