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Non-HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in the dyslipidemic classification in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) always underestimates the true cholesterol burden in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to compare LDL-C and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) in the identification of high-risk dyslipidemic phenotypes in those with NAFLD. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using a cohort of 9560...

Non-HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in the dyslipidemic classification in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) always underestimates the true cholesterol burden in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to compare LDL-C and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) in the identification of high-risk dyslipidemic phenotypes in those with NAFLD. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using a cohort of 9560...

Non-HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in the dyslipidemic classification in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) always underestimates the true cholesterol burden in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to compare LDL-C and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) in the identification of high-risk dyslipidemic phenotypes in those with NAFLD. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using a cohort of 9560...

Combined influence of nonalcoholic fatty liver and body size phenotypes on diabetes risk

Background We aimed to determine the association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and diabetes risk among body size phenotypes which was based on cross-classification of body mass index (BMI) categories (normal or overweight/obesity) and metabolic status (metabolically health or metabolically at-risk). Methods We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using a cohort...

Clinical usefulness of lipid ratios, visceral adiposity indicators, and the triglycerides and glucose index as risk markers of insulin resistance

Background To directly compare traditional lipid ratios (total cholesterol [TC]/high density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], non-HDL-C/HDL-C, low density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C]/HDL-C, and triglycerides [TG]/HDL-C), apolipoprotein B (apoB)/apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) ratio, visceral adiposity index (VAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), and the product of TG and...

Secular trends in the prevalence of low risk factor burden for cardiovascular disease according to obesity status among Chinese adults, 1993–2009

Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and obesity are now common among Chinese. We aimed to examine secular trends in the prevalence of low risk profile and to examine whether comparable changes in the prevalence of low risk profile across waist circumference (WC) groups and body mass index (BMI) categories have occurred. Methods We used data from the nationwide China Health...

Impact of HbA1c criterion on the definition of glycemic component of the metabolic syndrome: the China health and nutrition survey 2009

Background In 2009, a unified definition of metabolic syndrome (MetS) was proposed, of which, the glycemic component is defined on the basis of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level. Recently, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommended the use of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) as an alternative to FPG to define prediabetes. Hence, we aim to compare the performance of HbA1c and...

mRNA enrichment protocols determine the quantification characteristics of external RNA spike-in controls in RNA-Seq studies

RNA-Seq promises to be used in clinical settings as a gene-expression profiling tool; however, questions about its variability and biases remain and need to be addressed. Thus, RNA controls with known concentrations and sequence identities originally developed by the External RNA Control Consortium (ERCC) for microarray and qPCR platforms have recently been proposed for RNA-Seq...

Increasing trends in central obesity among Chinese adults with normal body mass index, 1993–2009

Background Central obesity is thought to be more pathogenic than overall obesity and studies have shown that the association between waist circumference (WC) and mortality was strongest in those with a normal body mass index (BMI). The objective of our study was to determine secular trends in the prevalence of central obesity (WC ≥ 90 cm for men and ≥ 80 cm for women) among...

microPrimer: the biogenesis and function of microRNA

Tingting Du 0 Phillip D. Zamore ) 0 0 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School , Worcester, MA 01605 , USA Discovered in nematodes in 1993

Normal microRNA Maturation and Germ-Line Stem Cell Maintenance Requires Loquacious, a Double-Stranded RNA-Binding Domain Protein

microRNAs (miRNAs) are single-stranded, 21- to 23-nucleotide cellular RNAs that control the expression of cognate target genes. Primary miRNA (pri-miRNA) transcripts are transformed to mature miRNA by the successive actions of two RNase III endonucleases. Drosha converts pri-miRNA transcripts to precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA); Dicer, in turn, converts pre-miRNA to mature miRNA. Here...