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A Novel Nanocone Cluster Microstructure with Anti-reflection and Superhydrophobic Properties for Photovoltaic Devices

As three-dimensional (3D) nanostructures can significantly improve the absorption capacity of photons, it is widely used in various photovoltaic devices. However, the high-cost and complex preparation process of traditional 3D nanostructures restricted its development greatly. In this paper, a new type of nanocone cluster microstructure was prepared on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS...

Genome-Wide Analysis of Genetic Variations and the Detection of Rich Variants of NBS-LRR Encoding Genes in Common Wild Rice Lines

Common wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.) is invaluable genetic resource for rice resistance breeding. Whole-genome re-sequencing was conducted to systematically analyze the variations in two new inbred lines (Huaye 3 and Huaye 4) developed from a common wild rice. A total of 4,841,127 SNPs, 1,170,479 InDels, 24,080 structural variations (SVs), and 298 copy number variations...

Evaluation of 22G fine-needle aspiration (FNA) versus fine-needle biopsy (FNB) for endoscopic ultrasound-guided sampling of pancreatic lesions: a prospective comparison study

Dr. Li Tian, Dr. An-liu Tang, Dr. Lei Zhang, Dr. Xiao-wen Liu, Dr. Jing-bo Li, Prof. Fen Wang, Prof. Shou-rong Shen, and Prof. Xiao-yan Wang have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose

Interactive Effects of Cabbage Aphid and Caterpillar Herbivory on Transcription of Plant Genes Associated with Phytohormonal Signalling in Wild Cabbage

Kroes 0 Wen Liu 0 Rieta Gols 0 0 Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University , P.O. Box 16, 6700 AA, Wageningen , The Netherlands Plants are commonly attacked by a variety of insect herbivores and

Electric Field-Controlled Crystallizing CaCO3 Nanostructures from Solution

The role of electric field is investigated in determining the structure, morphology, and crystallographic characteristics of CaCO3 nanostructures crystallized from solution. It is found that the lattice structure and crystalline morphology of CaCO3 can be tailed by the electric field applied to the solution during its crystallization. The calcite structure with cubic-like...

Factors associated with endoscopic full-thickness resection of gastric submucosal tumors

Foundation. Disclosures Drs. Fei Yang, Sheng Wang, Siyu Sun, Xiang Liu, Nan Ge, Guoxin Wang, Jintao Guo, Wen Liu, Linlin and Feng, Wenzhuang Ma have no competing interests or financial ties to disclose. Open

Flow injection on-line solid phase extraction coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for determination of (Ultra)trace rare earth elements in environmental materials using maleic acid grafted polytetrafluoroethylene fibers as sorbent

A new sorbent, maleic acid grafted polytetrafluoroethylene fiber (MA-PTFE), was prepared and evaluated for on-line solid-phase extraction coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) for fast, selective, and sensitive determination of (ultra)trace rare earth elements (REEs) in environmental samples. The REEs in aqueous samples at pH = 3.0 were selectively...

Direct interaction of C/EBPδ and Sp1 at the GC-enriched promoter region synergizes the IL-10 gene transcription in mouse macrophage

We previously reported that LPS activates the transcription of the IL-10 gene through the Sp1 and C/EBP binding sites and indicated that Sp1, C/EBPβ and C/EBPδ can coactivate the IL-10 gene expression in mouse macrophage cells [Liu Y.-W., Tseng H.-P., Chen L.-C., Chen B.-K., Chang W.-C. J. Immunol. 171: 821–828, 2003]. In the present report, we demonstrated the direct physical...

Loss of apical monocilia on collecting duct principal cells impairs ATP secretion across the apical cell surface and ATP-dependent and flow-induced calcium signals

Michael B. Hovater Dragos Olteanu Elizabeth L. Hanson Nai-Lin Cheng Brian Siroky Attila Fintha Peter Komlosi Wen Liu Lisa M. Satlin P. Darwin Bell Bradley K. Yoder Erik M. Schwiebert 0 ) Departments