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Modulation the alternative splicing of GLA (IVS4+919G>A) in Fabry disease

While a base substitution in intron 4 of GLA (IVS4+919G>A) that causes aberrant alternative splicing resulting in Fabry disease has been reported, its molecular mechanism remains unclear. Here we reported that upon IVS4+919G>A transversion, H3K36me3 was enriched across the alternatively spliced region. PSIP1, an adapter of H3K36me3, together with Hsp70 and NONO were recruited and...

Beyond the Debye length in high ionic strength solution: direct protein detection with field-effect transistors (FETs) in human serum

Chen Chen-Pin Hsu Wen- Hsin Chang Geng-Yen Lee Jen-Inn Chyi Chih-Chen Chen Shu-Chu Shiesh Gwo-Bin Yu-Lin Wang OPEN In this study, a new type of field-effect transistor (FET)-based biosensor is ... detection. Yen-Wen Chen investigates the effects of geometry with different designs of the FETs. Chen-Pin Hsu fabricates HEMTs and sets up the measurement system. Wen-Hsin Chang investigates the integration

Acute Garcinia mangostana (mangosteen) supplementation does not alleviate physical fatigue during exercise: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial

Background The purple mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), known as the "queen of fruit," is widely consumed and unique not only because of its outstanding appearance and flavor but also its remarkable and diverse pharmacological effects. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of acute mangosteen supplementation on physical fatigue during exercise. Methods A...

PARVA Promotes Metastasis by Modulating ILK Signalling Pathway in Lung Adenocarcinoma

α-parvin (PARVA) is known to be involved in the linkage of integrins, regulation of actin cytoskeleton dynamics and cell survival. However, the role that PARVA plays in cancer progression remains unclear. Here, using a lung cancer invasion cell line model and expression microarrays, we identify PARVA as a potential oncogene. The overexpression of PARVA increased cell invasion...

Molecular Diagnosis of Periprosthetic Joint Infection by Quantitative RT-PCR of Bacterial 16S Ribosomal RNA

The diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection is sometimes straightforward with purulent discharge from the fistula tract communicating to the joint prosthesis. However it is often difficult to differentiate septic from aseptic loosening of prosthesis because of the high culture-negative rates in conventional microbiologic culture. This study used quantitative reverse...

Squamocin modulates histone H3 phosphorylation levels and induces G1 phase arrest and apoptosis in cancer cells

Background Histone modifications in tumorigenesis are increasingly recognized as important epigenetic factors leading to cancer. Increased phosphorylation levels of histone H3 as a result of aurora B and pMSK1 overexpression were observed in various tumors. We selected aurora B and MSK1 as representatives for testing various compounds and drugs, and found that squamocin, a bis...

Nicotinamide N-methyltransferase induces cellular invasion through activating matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression in clear cell renal cell carcinoma cells

Nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) was recently identified as one clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC)-associated gene by analyzing full-length complementary DNA-enriched libraries of ccRCC tissues. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential role of NNMT in cellular invasion. A strong NNMT expression is accompanied with a high invasive activity in ccRCC cell...

Small Molecule Amiloride Modulates Oncogenic RNA Alternative Splicing to Devitalize Human Cancer Cells

Alternative splicing involves differential exon selection of a gene transcript to generate mRNA and protein isoforms with structural and functional diversity. Abnormal alternative splicing has been shown to be associated with malignant phenotypes of cancer cells, such as chemo-resistance and invasive activity. Screening small molecules and drugs for modulating RNA splicing in...

Identification of differentially expressed genes in clear cell renal cell carcinoma by analysis of full-length enriched cDNA library

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignancy in adult kidney, and accounts for 3% of malignancies worldwide with increasing incidence. Clear cell RCC (ccRCC) is the major type in RCC. Resection by surgery is the main treatment because the response of ccRCC to traditional therapies is very poor. To identify the tumor-associated genes for better understanding the...