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An iterative Algorithm for Hemicontractive Mappings in Banach Spaces

We First introduce a three-step iterative algorithm for approximating the fixed points of the hemicontractive mappings in Banach spaces. Consequently, we prove the strong convergence of the proposed algorithm under some assumptions. Since three-step iterations include Ishikawa iterations as special cases, our result continue to hold for these problems. Our main results can be...

An iterative Algorithm for Hemicontractive Mappings in Banach Spaces

We First introduce a three-step iterative algorithm for approximating the fixed points of the hemicontractive mappings in Banach spaces. Consequently, we prove the strong convergence of the proposed algorithm under some assumptions. Since three-step iterations include Ishikawa iterations as special cases, our result continue to hold for these problems. Our main results can be...

Iterative Algorithms Approach to Variational Inequalities and Fixed Point Problems

We consider a general variational inequality and fixed point problem, which is to find a point x* with the property that (GVF): x*∈GVI(C,A) and g(x*)∈Fix(S) where GVI(C,A) is the solution set of some variational inequality Fix(S) is the fixed points set of nonexpansive mapping S, and g is a nonlinear operator. Assume the solution set Ω of (GVF) is nonempty. For solving (GVF), we...

Histidine enhances carbamazepine action against seizures and improves spatial memory deficits induced by chronic transauricular kindling in rats

Aim:To investigate whether histidine can enhance the anticonvulsant efficacy of carbamazepine (CBZ) and simultaneously improve the spatial memory impairment induced by transauricular kindled seizures in Sprague-Dawley rats.Methods:Chronic transauricular kindling was induced by repeated application of initially subconvulsive electrical stimulation through ear-clip electrodes once...

Histamine ameliorates spatial memory deficits induced by MK-801 infusion into ventral hippocampus as evaluated by radial maze task in rats

Aim:To investigate the role of histamine in memory deficits induced by MK-801 infusion into the ventral hippocampus in rats.Methods:An 8-arm radial maze (4 arms baited) was used to assess spatial memory.Results:Bilateral ventral intrahippocampal (ih) infusion of MK-801 (0.3 μg/site), an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist, impaired the retrieval process in both working memory...

Modelling the use of impulsive vaccination to control Rift Valley Fever virus transmission

In this paper, we propose a vector-bone dynamical model to against the transmission of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) between ruminants and mosquitoes, where impulsive vaccination for susceptible ruminants is introduced. By using the comparison principle, integral and differential inequalities, and some of analytical skills, the threshold values for the stability of the disease-free...

Analysis of Startup Process and Its Optimization for a Two-Stand Reversible Cold Rolling Mill

Dynamic characteristic analysis of a two-stand reversible cold rolling mill in the startup process was carried out. The delay algorithm of the interstand thickness was proposed. A new method combined with the accelerated secant and the tangent methods was established to solve the simultaneous equations. The thickness and interstand tension transition processes with different...

Analysis of Startup Process and Its Optimization for a Two-Stand Reversible Cold Rolling Mill

Dynamic characteristic analysis of a two-stand reversible cold rolling mill in the startup process was carried out. The delay algorithm of the interstand thickness was proposed. A new method combined with the accelerated secant and the tangent methods was established to solve the simultaneous equations. The thickness and interstand tension transition processes with different...

Integrating Genetic Association, Genetics of Gene Expression, and Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Set Analysis to Identify Susceptibility Loci for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Laboratories, Boston, Massachusetts (Danielle M. Greenawalt); Sage Bionetworks, Seattle, Washington (Solveig K. Sieberts, Hua Zhong, Xia Yang, Justin Guinney); Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of

Inflammation, Autoimmunity, and Hypertension: The Essential Role of Tissue Transglutaminase

Inflammatory cytokines cause hypertension when introduced into animals. Additional evidence indicates that cytokines induce the production of autoantibodies that activate the AT1 angiotensin receptor (AT1R). Extensive evidence shows that these autoantibodies, termed AT1-AA, contribute to hypertension. We review here recent studies showing that cytokine-induced hypertension and...

Blood Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio as a Predictor of Hypertension

Hypertension is a significant global public health challenge. Low-grade inflammation is known to facilitate the development of essential hypertension and target-organ hypertensive damage. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a simple and reliable indicator of inflammation that may also be useful in the prediction of hypertension.

Recombinant Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor 121 Attenuates Autoantibody-Induced Features of Pre-eclampsia in Pregnant Mice

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a serious hypertensive disorder of pregnancy characterized by excessive production of a soluble form of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-1, termed soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1). This placental-derived factor is believed to be a key contributor to the clinical features of PE. Women with PE are also characterized by the...

Maternal autoantibodies from preeclamptic patients activate angiotensin receptors on human mesangial cells and induce interleukin-6 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 secretion

Preeclampsia affects 3–5% of all pregnancies. It is a major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Recent studies demonstrate that autoantibodies against the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor are present in the serum of preeclamptic patients. In this study, we investigated the role of AT1 receptor-agonistic autoantibody (AT1-AA) regarding interleukin-6 (IL-6) and...

Are CD4+CD25-Foxp3+ cells in untreated new-onset lupus patients regulatory T cells?

Introduction Our previous study has reported that, in patients with untreated new-onset lupus (UNOL), there was an abnormal increase in the number of CD4+CD25-Foxp3+ T cells that correlated with disease activity and significantly decreased after treatment. However, little is known about the nature of this cell entity. The aim of this study was to explore the nature of abnormally...

Gastric cancer-associated enhancement of von Willebrand factor is regulated by vascular endothelial growth factor and related to disease severity

Background von Willebrand factor (vWF) is a potent regulator of angiogenesis, tumor growth, and metastasis. Yet, the expression pattern of vWF in human gastric cancer (GC) tissues and its relation to clinicopathological features of these cases remains unknown. Methods Tumor and 5-cm adjacent non-tumoral parenchyma specimens were collected from 99 patients with GC (early stages I...

Clinical and experimental studies regarding the expression and diagnostic value of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 in non-small-cell lung cancer

Background Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) is a multifunctional Ig-like cell adhesion molecule that has a wide range of biological functions. According to previous reports, serum CEACAM1 is dysregulated in different malignant tumours and associated with tumour progression. However, the serum CEACAM1 expression in non-small-cell lung carcinomas...

Complete chloroplast genome sequence of a tree fern Alsophila spinulosa: insights into evolutionary changes in fern chloroplast genomes

Background Ferns have generally been neglected in studies of chloroplast genomics. Before this study, only one polypod and two basal ferns had their complete chloroplast (cp) genome reported. Tree ferns represent an ancient fern lineage that first occurred in the Late Triassic. In recent phylogenetic analyses, tree ferns were shown to be the sister group of polypods, the most...

A systems genetics study of swine illustrates mechanisms underlying human phenotypic traits

Background The pig, which shares greater similarities with human than with mouse, is important for agriculture and for studying human diseases. However, similarities in the genetic architecture and molecular regulations underlying phenotypic variations in humans and swine have not been systematically assessed. Results We systematically surveyed ~500 F2 pigs genetically and...

Novel microRNA families expanded in the human genome

Zhi-Qiang Du 0 Cai-Xia Yang 0 Max F Rothschild Jason W Ross 0 Equal contributors Department of Animal Science and Center for Integrated Animal Genomics, Iowa State University , 2255 Kildee Hall, Ames